pplane7

function output = pplane7(action,input1,input2,input3)

% pplane7  is an interactive tool for studying planar autonomous systems of
%	differential equations.  When pplane7 is executed, a pplane7 Setup
%	window is opened.  The user may enter the differential
%	equation and specify a display window using the interactive
%	controls in the Setup window.  Up to 4 parameters may also be 
%	specified.  In addition the user is give a choice of the type of 
%	field displayed and the number of field points.
%
%	When the Proceed button is pressed on the Setup window, the pplane7
%	Display window is opened, and a field of the type requested is 
%	displayed for the system.  When the mouse button is depressed in 
%	the pplane7 Display window, the solution to the system with that
%	initial condition is calculated and plotted.
%
%	Other options are available in the menus.  These are
%	fairly self explanatory.  
%
%	This is version 6.0, and will only run on version 6 of MATLAB.

%  Copywright (c)  1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 
%                  John C. Polking, Rice University
%                  Last Modified: April 24, 2003

startstr = 'pplane7';
if nargin < 1
  action ='initialize';
end



if get(0,'screendepth') == 1
   style = 'bw';
end

if strcmp(action,'initialize')
   
   % First we make sure that there is no other copy of pplane7
   % running, since this causes problems.	
   pph = findobj('tag','pplane7');
   if ~isempty(pph);
      qstring = {'There are some pplane7 figures open although they may be invisible.  ';...
            'What do you want to do?'};
      tstring = 'Only one copy of pplane7 can be open at one time.';
      b1str = 'Restart pplane7.';
      b2str = 'Just close those figures.';
      b3str = 'Do nothing.';
      answer = questdlg(qstring,tstring,b1str,b2str,b3str,b1str);
      if strcmp(answer,b1str)
         delete(pph);
         %pplane7;return
         eval(startstr);return
      elseif strcmp(answer,b2str)
         delete(pph);return
      else
         return
      end 
   end  % if ~isempty(pph);
   
   % Make sure tempdir is on the MATLABPATH.  We want to be sure that we
   % return the path to its current position when we exit.
   
   p = path;
   tmpdir = tempdir;
   ll = length(tmpdir);
   tmpdir = tmpdir(1:ll-1);
   ud.remtd = 0;
   if isempty(findstr(tmpdir,p))
     ud.remtd = 1;
     addpath(tempdir)
   end
   
   % Next we look for old files created by pplane7.
   % First in the current directory.
   
   oldfiles = dir('pptp*.m');
   ofiles = cell(0,1);
   kk = zeros(0,1);
   for k = 1:length(oldfiles)
      fn = oldfiles(k).name;
      fid = fopen(fn,'r');
      ll = fgetl(fid);
      ll = fgetl(fid);
      ll = fgetl(fid);
      fclose(fid);
      if strcmp(ll,'%% Created by pplane7')
         delete(fn)
      else
	l= length(ofiles);
	ofiles{l+1} = fn;
      end
   end
   
   %Then in the temp directory.
   
   oldfiles = dir([tempdir,'pptp*.m']);
   for k = 1:length(oldfiles)
      fn = [tempdir,oldfiles(k).name];
      fid = fopen(fn,'r');
      ll = fgetl(fid);
      ll = fgetl(fid);
      ll = fgetl(fid);
      fclose(fid);
      if strcmp(ll,'%% Created by pplane7')
         delete(fn)
      else
	l= length(ofiles);
	ofiles{l+1} = fn;
      end
   end
   lll = length(ofiles);
   if lll >0
     if lll == 1
       astr = 'The file';
       bstr = 'If so it can be safely deleted.';
     else
       astr = 'The files';
       bstr = 'If so they can be safely deleted.';
     end
     fprintf([astr,'\n']);
     for j = 1:lll
       fn = ofiles{j};
       disp(['     ',fn]);
     end
     fprintf('may have been created by an older version of PPLANE.\n');
     fprintf(bstr,'\n\n');
   end
   
   style = 'white';
   ppdir = pwd;
   ssize = get(0,'defaultaxesfontsize');
   npts = 20;
   solver = 'Dormand Prince';
   tol = 1e-4;
   stepsize = 0.1;
   if exist('ppstart','file')
     H = ppstart;
     if ~isempty(H)
       if isfield(H,'style')
	 style = H.style;
       end
       if isfield(H,'size')
	 ssize = H.size;
       end
       if isfield(H,'npts')
	 npts = H.npts;
       end
      if isfield(H,'solver')
	solver = H.solver;  
      end
      if isfield(H,'ppdir')
	ppdir = H.ppdir;  
      end
      if isfield(H,'stepsize')
	stepsize = H.stepsize;  
      end
      if isfield(H,'tolerance')
	tol = H.tolerance;  
      end
    end
  end
  if get(0,'screendepth') == 1
    style = 'bw';
  end
  
  ud.ssize = ssize;
  ud.ppdir = ppdir;
  comp = computer;
  if strcmp(comp,'PCWIN')
    ud.fontsize = 0.8*ud.ssize;
  else
    ud.fontsize = ud.ssize;
  end
   
  % Set up for the menu of systems.
  
  system.name = 'default system';
  system.xvar = 'x';
  system.yvar = 'y';
  system.xder = ' 2*x - y + 3*(x^2-y^2) + 2*x*y';
  system.yder = ' x - 3*y - 3*(x^2-y^2) + 3*x*y';
  system.pname = {};
  system.pval = {};
  system.fieldtype = 'arrows';
  system.npts = npts;
  system.wind = [-2 4 -4 2];
  
  system(2).name = 'linear system';
  system(2).xvar = 'x';
  system(2).yvar = 'y';
  system(2).xder = ' A*x + B*y';
  system(2).yder = ' C*x + D*y';
  system(2).pname = {'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', '', ''};
  system(2).pval = {'2', '2', '-2',  '-3'};
  system(2).fieldtype = 'arrows';
  system(2).npts = npts;
  system(2).wind = [-5 5 -5 5];
  
  system(3).name = 'vibrating spring';
  system(3).xvar = 'x';
  system(3).yvar = 'v';
  system(3).xder = ' v';
  system(3).yder = ' -(k*x + d*v)/m';
  system(3).pname = {'k', 'm', 'd', '', '', ''};
  system(3).pval = {'3', '1', '0'};
  system(3).fieldtype = 'arrows';
  system(3).npts = npts;
  system(3).wind = [-5 5 -5 5];
  
  system(4).name = 'pendulum';
  system(4).xvar = '\theta';
  system(4).yvar = '\omega';
  system(4).xder = ' \omega';
  system(4).yder = ' -sin(\theta) - D*\omega';
  system(4).pname = {'D', '', '', '', '', ''};
  system(4).pval = {'0'};
  system(4).fieldtype = 'arrows';
  system(4).npts = npts;
  system(4).wind = [-10 10 -4 4];
  
  system(5).name = 'predator prey';
  system(5).xvar = 'prey';
  system(5).yvar = 'predator';
  system(5).xder = ' (A - B*predator)*prey';
  system(5).yder = ' (D*prey - C)*predator';
  system(5).pname = {'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', '', ''};
  system(5).pval = {'0.4', '0.01', '0.3', '0.005'};
  system(5).fieldtype = 'arrows';
  system(5).npts = npts;
  system(5).wind = [0 120 0 80];
  
  system(6).name = 'competing species';
  system(6).xvar = 'x';
  system(6).yvar = 'y';
  system(6).xder = ' r*(1 - x - A*y)*x';
  system(6).yder = ' s*(1 - y - B*x)*y';
  system(6).pname = {'r', 's', 'A', 'B', '', ''};
  system(6).pval = {'0.4', '0.6', '5', '4'};
  system(6).fieldtype = 'nullclines';
  system(6).npts = npts;
  system(6).wind = [0 1 0 1];
   
  system(7).name = 'cooperative species';
  system(7).xvar = 'x';
  system(7).yvar = 'y';
  system(7).xder = ' r*(1 - x + A*y)*x';
  system(7).yder = ' s*(1 - y + B*x)*y';
  system(7).pname = {'r', 's', 'A', 'B', '', ''};
  system(7).pval = {'0.4', '0.6', '2', '0.3'};
  system(7).fieldtype = 'nullclines';
  system(7).npts = npts;
  system(7).wind = [0 9 0 5];
  
  system(8).name = 'van der Pol''s equation';
  system(8).xvar = 'x';
  system(8).yvar = 'y';
  system(8).xder = ' M*x - y - x^3';
  system(8).yder = ' x';
  system(8).pname = {'M', '', '', '', '', ''};
  system(8).pval = {'2'};
  system(8).fieldtype = 'arrows';
  system(8).npts = npts;
  system(8).wind = [-5 5 -5 5];
  
  system(9).name = 'Duffing''s equation';
  system(9).xvar = 'x';
  system(9).yvar = 'y';
  system(9).xder = ' y';
  system(9).yder = ' -(k*x + c*y + l*x^3)/m';
  system(9).pname = {'k', 'c', 'm', 'l', '', ''};
  system(9).pval = {'-1', '0', '1', '1'};
  system(9).fieldtype = 'arrows';
  system(9).npts = npts;
  system(9).wind = [-3 3 -3 3];
  
  system(10).name = 'square limit set';
  system(10).xvar = 'x';
  system(10).yvar = 'y';
  system(10).xder = ' (y + x/5)*(1-x^2)';
  system(10).yder = ' -x*(1-y^2)';
  system(10).pname = {'', '', '', '', '', ''};
  system(10).pval = {'', '', '', ''};
  system(10).fieldtype = 'arrows';
  system(10).npts = npts;
  system(10).wind = [-1.5 1.5 -1 1];
  
  
  ud.c = system(1);	% Changed values.
  pname = ud.c.pname;
  for kk = length(pname)+1:6
    pname{kk} = '';
  end
  pval = ud.c.pval;
  for kk = length(pval)+1:6
    pval{kk} = '';
  end
  ud.c.pname = pname;
  ud.c.pval = pval;
  ud.o = ud.c;	% Original values.
  % ud.h = system(1);	% This will be the handles in the
			% setup window.
			
  ud.style = style;
  ud.npts = npts;  
  ud.settings.magn = 1.25;
  ud.settings.refine = 8;
  ud.settings.tol = tol;
  ud.settings.solver = solver;
  ud.settings.stepsize = stepsize;
  ud.settings.speed = 100;
  ud.system = system;
  ud.solvers = {'ppdp45';
		'rk4';
		'ode45';
		'ode23';
		'ode113';
		'ode15s';
		'ode23s';
		'ode23t';
		'ode23tb'};
  
  switch style
   case 'black'
    color.temp = [1 0 0]; % red for temporary orbits
    color.orb = [1 1 0];  % yellow for orbits
    color.eqpt = [1 0 0];  % red for eq. pts.
			   %    color.arrows = [0 1 1]; % cyan for arrows
			   % color.arrows = [.5 .5 .9];  % purple for arrows
    color.arrows = .5*[1 1 1];  % gray for arrows
    color.narrows = .7*[1 1 1];  % gray for nullcline arrows
    color.tx = [1 1 0]; % yellow for xt plots & 3D plots
    color.ty = [1 0 0]; % red for yt plots
    color.ta = [1 0 0]; % red for axis plots
    color.sep = [.2,1,0]; % green for separatrices
    color.xcline = [1 1 1]; % white for xclines
    color.ycline = [1 0 1]; % magenta for yclines
    color.level = [1,.5,.5];
    
   case 'white'
    color.temp = [1 0 0]; % red for temporary orbits
    color.orb = [0 0 1];  % blue for orbits
    color.eqpt = [1 0 0];  % red for eq. pts.
    color.arrows = 0.7*[1 1 1]; % gray for arrows
    color.narrows = .4*[1 1 1];  % gray for nullcline arrows
    color.tx = [0 0 1]; % blue for xt plots & 3D plots
    color.ty = [1 0 0]; % red for yt plots
    color.ta = [1 0 0]; % red for axis plots
    color.sep = [0,1,0];% green for separatrices
    color.xcline = [1 0 .75]; % magenta for xclines
    color.ycline = [1 .5 0]; %  orange for yclines
    color.level = 0.8*[.9,.5,.8];
    
   case 'test'
    color.temp = [1 0 0]; % red for temporary orbits
    color.orb = [0 0 1];  % blue for orbits
    color.arrows = .7*[1 1 1]; % gray for arrows
    color.eqpt = [1 0 0];  % red for eq. pts.
    color.narrows = .4*[1 1 1];  % gray for nullcline arrows
    color.tx = [0 0 1]; % blue for xt plots & 3D plots
    color.ty = [1 0 0]; % red for yt plots
    color.ta = [1 0 0]; % red for axis plots
    color.sep = [0,1,0];% green for separatrices
    color.xcline = [1 0 .75]; % magenta for xclines
    color.ycline = [1 .5 0]; %  orange for yclines
    color.level = [1,.5,.5];
    
   case 'display'
    color.temp = [1 0 0]; % red for temporary orbits
    color.orb = [0 0 1];  % blue for orbits
    color.arrows = .4*[1 1 1]; % gray for arrows
    color.eqpt = [1 0 0];  % red for eq. pts.
    color.narrows = .4*[1 1 1];  % gray for nullcline arrows
    color.tx = [0 0 1]; % blue for xt plots & 3D plots
    color.ty = [1 0 0]; % red for yt plots
    color.ta = [1 0 0]; % red for axis plots
    color.sep = 2*[.5 0 .5];% [0,1,0];% green for separatrices
    color.xcline = [1 0 .75]; % magenta for xclines
    color.ycline = [1 .5 0]; %  orange for yclines
    color.level = 0.8*[.9,.5,.8];
    
   case 'bw'
    color.temp = [1 1 1]; % white for everything
    color.orb = [1 1 1];  
    color.eqpt = [1 1 1]; 
    color.arrows = [1 1 1];
    color.narrows = [1 1 1];  
    color.tx = [1 1 1]; 
    color.ty = [1 1 1]; 
    color.ta = [1 1 1]; 
    color.sep = [1 1 1];
    color.xcline = [1 1 1];
    color.ycline = [1 1 1];
    color.level = [1,1,1];
  end
  ud.color = color;
  ud.level = ' ';
  ppset = figure('name','pplane7 Setup','numb','off',...
		 'tag','pplane7','visible','off',...
		 'user',ud);
  
  pplane7('figdefault',ppset);
  frame(1) = uicontrol('style','frame','visible','off');
  eq(1)=uicontrol('style','text',...
		  'horizon','center',...
		  'string','The differential equations.','visible','off');
  ext = get(eq(1),'extent');
  rr=ext(4)/10;
  
  texth =ext(4)+4;    % 19;   		% Height of text boxes.
  varw = 40*rr;		% Length of variable boxes.
  equalw =13*rr;		% Length of equals.(30)
  eqlength = 230*rr;		% Length of right hand sides of equations.
  winstrlen = 120*rr;	% Length of string boxes in display frame.
  left = 0;		% Left margin of the frames.
  frsep = 1;    %3;		% Separation between frames.
  separation = texth;	% Separation between boxes.
  
  dfigwidth =2*left + varw+equalw+eqlength+10;	% Width of the figure.
  dfigurebot = 30;	% Bottom of the figure.
  buttw = dfigwidth/3;
  qwind = [0,frsep,buttw,separation];	% Quit button
  rwind = [buttw,frsep,buttw,separation];	% Revert "
  pwind = [2*buttw,frsep,buttw,separation];	% Proceed "
  
  disfrbot = 2*frsep + separation;	% Display frame.
  disfrw = winstrlen + varw +10;
  disfrht = 5*separation + 10;
  disfrwind = [left, disfrbot, disfrw, disfrht];
  
  pfrbot = disfrbot + disfrht +frsep;	% Parameter frame.
  pfrw = dfigwidth -2*left;
  pfrht = 3*separation + 10;
  pfrwind = [left, pfrbot, pfrw, pfrht];
  
  defrbot = pfrbot + pfrht + frsep;	% Equation frame.
  defrw = pfrw;
  defrht = 3*separation + 10;
  defrwind = [left, defrbot, defrw, defrht];
  
  ffrbot = disfrbot;			% Field frame.
  ffrleft = left + disfrw + frsep;
  ffrw = dfigwidth -left - ffrleft;
  ffrht = disfrht; 
  ffrwind = [ffrleft, ffrbot, ffrw, ffrht];
  
  dfigureheight = defrbot + defrht +frsep;	% Height of the figure.
  
  set(ppset,'pos',[30 dfigurebot dfigwidth dfigureheight]);
  
  set(frame(1),'pos',defrwind);
  
  
  xname=[
      'ud = get(gcf,''user'');'...
      'Xname=get(ud.h.xvar,''string'');'...
      'minxstr = [''The minimum value of '',Xname,'' = ''];',...
      'set(ud.h.twind(1),''string'',minxstr);'...
      'maxxstr = [''The maximum value of '',Xname,'' = ''];',...
      'set(ud.h.twind(2),''string'',maxxstr);'...
      'ud.c.xvar = Xname;'...
      'ud.flag = 0;'...
      'ud.c.name = '''';',...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];
  
  yname=[
      'ud = get(gcf,''user'');'...
      'Yname=get(ud.h.yvar,''string'');'...
      'minystr = [''The minimum value of '',Yname,'' = ''];',...
      'set(ud.h.twind(3),''string'',minystr);'...
      'maxystr = [''The maximum value of '',Yname,'' = ''];',...
      'set(ud.h.twind(4),''string'',maxystr);'...
      'ud.c.yvar = Yname;'...
      'ud.flag = 0;'...
      'ud.c.name = '''';',...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];
  
  xder =[
      'ud = get(gcf,''user'');'...
      'ud.c.xder = get(ud.h.xder,''string'');'...
      'ud.flag = 0;'...
      'ud.c.name = '''';',...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];
  
  yder =[
      'ud = get(gcf,''user'');'...
      'ud.c.yder = get(ud.h.yder,''string'');'...
      'ud.flag = 0;'...
      'ud.c.name = '''';',...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];
  
  equationbot = defrbot + 5;
  eqlabelbot = equationbot + 2*separation;
  xbot = equationbot + separation;		% Bottom of x equation.
  ybot = equationbot;				% Bottom of y equation.
  
  lablen =200*rr;
  
  eqlableft = (dfigwidth-lablen)/2;
  eqleft = left + 5;
  fudge = 0.15*separation;
   
  set(eq(1),'pos',[eqlableft eqlabelbot lablen texth]);
  tcolor = get(gcf,'defaultuicontrolbackgroundcolor');
  ecolor = 'w';
  
  ud.h.xvar=uicontrol('pos',[eqleft, xbot, varw, texth],...
		      'style','edit',...
		      'horizon','right',...
		      'string',ud.o.xvar,...
		      'call',xname,...
		      'backgroundcolor',ecolor,...
		      'visible','off');
  
  eq(2) = uicontrol('style','text',...
		    'pos',[eqleft+varw xbot equalw texth],...
		    'horizon','center',...
		    'string',''' = ',...
		    'backgroundcolor',tcolor,...
		    'visible','off');
  
  ud.h.xder=uicontrol('pos',[eqleft+varw+equalw xbot eqlength texth],...
		      'string',ud.o.xder,...
		      'horizon','left','style','edit',...
		      'backgroundcolor',ecolor,...
		      'call',xder,'visible','off');
  
  ud.h.yvar=uicontrol('pos',[eqleft ybot varw texth],...
		      'style','edit',...
		      'horizon','right',...
		      'string',ud.o.yvar,...
		      'backgroundcolor',ecolor,...
		      'call',yname,'visible','off');
  
  eq(3) = uicontrol('style','text',...
		    'pos',[eqleft+varw ybot equalw texth],...
		    'horizon','center','string',''' = ',...
		    'backgroundcolor',tcolor',...
		    'visible','off');
  
  ud.h.yder=uicontrol('pos',[eqleft+varw + equalw ybot eqlength texth],...
		      'string',ud.o.yder,...
		      'horizon','left','style','edit',...
		      'backgroundcolor',ecolor,...
		      'call',yder,'visible','off');
  
  
  frame(2) = uicontrol('style','frame','pos',disfrwind,'visible','off');
  
  w1 = [
      'ud = get(gcf,''user'');'...
      'nnn = 	str2num(get(ud.h.wind(1),''string''));'...
      'if isempty(nnn),',...
      '  set(ud.h.wind(1),''string'',''?'');',...
      '  nnn = NaN;',...
      'end,',...
      'ud.c.wind(1) = nnn;',...	    
      'ud.c.name = '''';',...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];	
  
  w2 = [
      'ud = get(gcf,''user'');'...
      'nnn = 	str2num(get(ud.h.wind(2),''string''));'...
      'if isempty(nnn),',...
      '  set(ud.h.wind(2),''string'',''?'');',...
      '  nnn = NaN;',...
      'end,',...
      'ud.c.wind(2) = nnn;',...	    
      'ud.c.name = '''';',...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];	
  
  w3 = [
      'ud = get(gcf,''user'');'...
      'nnn = 	str2num(get(ud.h.wind(3),''string''));'...
      'if isempty(nnn),',...
      '  set(ud.h.wind(3),''string'',''?'');',...
      '  nnn = NaN;',...
      'end,',...
      'ud.c.wind(3) = nnn;',...	    
      'ud.c.name = '''';',...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];	
  
  w4 = [
      'ud = get(gcf,''user'');'...
      'nnn = 	str2num(get(ud.h.wind(4),''string''));'...
      'if isempty(nnn),',...
      '  set(ud.h.wind(4),''string'',''?'');',...
      '  nnn = NaN;',...
      'end,',...
      'ud.c.wind(4) = nnn;',...	    
      'ud.c.name = '''';',...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];	
  
  
  winbot1 = disfrbot + disfrht - 5 - separation;
  winbot2 = winbot1 - separation;
  winbot3 = winbot2 - separation;
  winbot4 = winbot3 - separation;
  winbot5 = winbot4 - separation;
  
  dwindow = uicontrol('style','text',...
		    'pos',[eqleft winbot1 disfrw-10 texth],...
		    'horizon','center',...
		    'string','The display window.','visible','off');
  
  % ud.h.twind contains the handles to the text windows, and ud.h.wind
  % contains the handles to the edit windows.
  
  twstr1 = ['The minimum value of ',ud.o.xvar,' = '];
  ud.h.twind(1) = uicontrol('style','text',...
			    'pos',[eqleft winbot2 winstrlen texth],...
			    'horizon','right',...
			    'string',twstr1,...
			    'backgroundcolor',tcolor',...
			    'visible','off');
  
  ud.h.wind(1) = uicontrol('style','edit',...
			   'pos',[eqleft+winstrlen winbot2 40*rr texth],...
			   'string',num2str(ud.o.wind(1)),...
			   'backgroundcolor',ecolor,...
			   'call',w1,'visible','off');
  
  twstr2 = ['The maximum value of ',ud.o.xvar,' = '];
  ud.h.twind(2) = uicontrol('style','text',...
			    'pos',[eqleft winbot3 winstrlen texth],...
			    'horizon','right',...
			    'string',twstr2,...
			    'backgroundcolor',tcolor',...
			    'visible','off');
  
  ud.h.wind(2) = uicontrol('style','edit',...
			   'pos',[eqleft+winstrlen winbot3 40*rr texth],...
			   'string',num2str(ud.o.wind(2)),...
			   'backgroundcolor',ecolor,...
			   'call',w2,'visible','off');
  
  twstr3 = ['The minimum value of ',ud.o.yvar,' = '];
  ud.h.twind(3)= uicontrol('style','text',...
			   'pos',[eqleft winbot4 winstrlen texth],...
			   'horizon','right',...
			   'string',twstr3,...
			    'backgroundcolor',tcolor',...
			   'visible','off');
  
  ud.h.wind(3) = uicontrol('style','edit',...
			   'pos',[eqleft+winstrlen winbot4 40*rr texth],...
			   'string',num2str(ud.o.wind(3)),...
			   'backgroundcolor',ecolor,...
			   'call',w3,'visible','off');
  
  twstr4 = ['The maximum value of ',ud.o.yvar,' = '];
  ud.h.twind(4) = uicontrol('style','text',...
			    'pos',[eqleft winbot5 winstrlen texth],...
			    'horizon','right',...
			    'string',twstr4,...
			    'backgroundcolor',tcolor',...
			    'visible','off');
  
  ud.h.wind(4) = uicontrol('style','edit',...
			   'pos',[eqleft+winstrlen winbot5 40*rr texth],...
			   'string',num2str(ud.o.wind(4)),...
			   'backgroundcolor',ecolor,...
			   'call',w4,'visible','off');
  
  
  frame(3)=uicontrol('style','frame','pos',pfrwind,'visible','off');
  
  pncall = [
      '[h,fig] = gcbo;'...
      'ud =  get(fig,''user'');'...
      'num = get(h,''user'');'...
      'ud.c.pname{num} = get(ud.h.pname(num),''string'');'...
      'ud.flag = 0;'...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];
  
  pvcall = [
      '[h,fig] = gcbo;'...
      'ud =  get(fig,''user'');'...
      'num = get(h,''user'');'...
      'ud.c.pval{num} = get(ud.h.pval(num),''string'');'...
      'ud.flag = 0;'...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];
  
  
  pnamew = 40*rr;
  pvalw = 50*rr;
  peqw = 10*rr;
  pbot(3) = pfrbot + 5;
  pbot(2) = pbot(3) + separation;
  pbot(1) = pbot(2) + separation;
  
  pleft1 = eqleft + 50*rr + 5;
  peqleft1 = pleft1 + pnamew;
  pvleft1 = peqleft1 + peqw;
  pleft2 = dfigwidth - 10 - pnamew - pvalw - peqw;
  peqleft2 = pleft2 + pnamew;
  pvleft2 = peqleft2 + peqw;	
  
  paratit=uicontrol('style','text',...
		    'horizon','center',...
		    'string',{'Parameters';'or';'expressions'},...
		    'backgroundcolor',tcolor',...
		    'visible','off');
  ext = get(paratit,'extent');
  paratitw = ext(3);
  pos = [eqleft pfrbot+2+texth/2 paratitw 2.1*texth];
  set(paratit,'pos',pos);
  psep = 20;
  pvalw = (dfigwidth - 2*eqleft - paratitw)/2 - psep - pnamew - peqw;
  pval = ud.c.pval;
  pname = ud.c.pname;
  for jj = 1:3
    for kk = 1:2
      pleft = eqleft + paratitw +psep +(kk-1)*(pnamew+peqw+pvalw+ psep);
      peqleft = pleft + pnamew;
      pvleft = peqleft + peqw;
      K = kk +2*(jj-1);
      name = pname{K};
      value = pval{K};
      ud.h.pname(K) = uicontrol('style','edit',...
				'pos',[pleft pbot(jj) pnamew texth],...
				'horizon','right','string',name,...
				'user',K,...
				'call',pncall,...
				'visible','off',...
				'backgroundcolor','w');
      equal(K) = uicontrol('style','text',...
			   'pos',[peqleft pbot(jj)-fudge peqw texth],...
			   'horizon','center',...
			   'string','=',...
			   'visible','off');
      
      ud.h.pval(K) = uicontrol('style','edit',...
			       'pos',[pvleft pbot(jj) pvalw texth],...
			       'string',value,...
			       'call',pvcall,...
			       'visible','off',...
			       'user',K,...
			       'backgroundcolor','w');
    end
  end
  
  ud.c.pname = pname;
  ud.c.pval = pval;
  
  butt(1) = uicontrol('style','push',...
		      'pos',qwind,...
		      'string','Quit','call',...
		      'pplane7(''quit'')',...
		      'visible','off');
  
  butt(2) = uicontrol('style','push',...
		      'pos',rwind,...
		      'string','Revert',...
		      'call','pplane7(''revert'')',...
		      'visible','off');
  
  butt(3) = uicontrol('style','push',...
		      'pos',pwind,...
		      'string','Proceed',...
		      'call','pplane7(''proceed'')',...
		      'visible','off');
  
  fframe = uicontrol('style','frame','pos',ffrwind,'visible','off');
  
  
  
  ffrtitle = uicontrol('style','text',...
		       'pos',[ffrleft+5,winbot1,ffrw-10,texth],...
		       'string','The direction field.',...
		       'horizon','center','visible','off');
  
  radleft = ffrleft + 3;
  radw = 50*rr;
  
  typewindw = radw +6;
  typewind = [ffrleft, ffrbot, typewindw, ffrht-separation-3];
  textwindl = ffrleft+typewindw;
  textleft = textwindl + 3;
  textw = ffrw - typewindw;
  textwind = [textwindl, ffrbot,textw, ffrht-separation-3];
  typeframe = uicontrol('style','frame','pos',typewind,'visible','off');
  
  textframe = uicontrol('style','frame','pos',textwind,'visible','off');
  
  switch ud.o.fieldtype
   case 'nullclines'
    rval1 = 1;rval2 = 0;rval3 = 0;rval4 = 0;
   case 'lines'
    rval1 = 0;rval2 = 2;rval3 = 0;rval4 = 0;
   case 'arrows' 
    rval1 = 0;rval2 = 0;rval3 = 3;rval4 = 0;
   case 'none' 
    rval1 = 0;rval2 = 0;rval3 = 0;rval4 = 4;
   otherwise
    error(['Unknown fieldtype ',ud.o.fieldtype,'.'])
  end		
  
  ud.h.rad(1) = uicontrol('style','radio',...
			  'pos',[radleft winbot4 radw texth],...
			  'string','Nullclines',...
			  'value',rval1,...
			  'visible','off');
  
  ud.h.rad(2) = uicontrol('style','radio',...
			  'pos',[radleft winbot3 radw texth],...
			  'string','Lines',...
			  'value',rval2,...
			  'max',2,...
			  'visible','off');
  
  ud.h.rad(3) = uicontrol('style','radio',...
			  'pos',[radleft winbot2 radw texth],...
			  'string','Arrows',...
			  'value',rval3,...
			  'max',3,...
			  'visible','off');
  
  ud.h.rad(4) = uicontrol('style','radio',...
			  'pos',[radleft winbot5 radw texth],...
			  'string','None',...
			  'value',rval4,...
			  'max',4,...
			  'visible','off');
  
  for i=1:4
    set(ud.h.rad(i),'user',ud.h.rad(:,[1:(i-1),(i+1):4]));
  end
   
  callrad = [
      'me = get(gcf,''currentobject'');',...
      'kk = get(me,''max'');',...
      'set(get(me,''user''),''value'',0),',...
      'set(me,''value'',kk);',...
      'ud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
      'switch kk,',...
      '       case 1, ud.c.fieldtype = ''nullclines'';',...
      '       case 2, ud.c.fieldtype = ''lines'';',...
      '       case 3, ud.c.fieldtype = ''arrows'';',...
      '       case 4, ud.c.fieldtype = ''none'';',...
      'end,',...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];
  
  set(ud.h.rad,'call',callrad);
  
  nfptsstr = {'Number of'; 'field points per'; 'row or column.'};
  nfptstext = uicontrol('style','text',...
			'pos',[textleft winbot4 textw-5 2.5*texth],...
			'string',nfptsstr,...
			'horizon','center',...
			'visible','off');
  
  callnfpts = [
      'ppset = findobj(''name'',''pplane7 Setup'');',...
      'ud = get(ppset,''user'');'...
      'me = ud.h.npts;',...
      'kk = str2num(get(me,''string''));',...
      'if isempty(kk),',...
      '  set(me,''string'',''?'');',...
      '  kk = NaN;',...
      'else,',...
      '  kk = floor(kk);',...
      '  [m,N] = computer;'...
      '  if (N <= 8192),',...
      '	N = 32;',...
      '  else,',...
      '	N = 50;',...
      '  end,'...
      '  kk = min([N,max([5,kk])]);'...
      '  set(me,''string'',num2str(kk));'...
      'end,'...
      'ud.c.npts = kk;',...
      'set(ppset,''user'',ud);'];
  
  npos = [textleft+(textw -30*rr)/2,winbot5 30*rr,texth];
  ud.h.npts = uicontrol('style','edit',...
			'pos',npos,...
			'string',ud.o.npts,...
			'call',callnfpts,...
			'backgroundcolor','w',...
			'visible','off');
  
  delgall = ['sud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
	     'mh = get(sud.h.gallery,''children'');',...
	     'add = findobj(sud.h.gallery,''tag'',''add system'');',...
	     'mh(find(mh == add)) = [];',...
	     'delete(mh);',...
	     'set(sud.h.gallery,''user'',[]);',...
	     'set(findobj(''tag'',''load default''),''enable'',''on'')'];
  
  
  % Menus
   
  hhsetup = get(0,'showhiddenhandles');
  set(0,'showhiddenhandles','on');
  mefile = findobj(ppset,'label','&File');
  meedit = findobj(ppset,'label','&Edit');
  delete(findobj(ppset,'label','&Tools'));
  delete(findobj(ppset,'label','&View'));
  delete(findobj(ppset,'label','&Insert'));
  
  % File menu
  
  meexp = findobj(mefile,'label','&Export...');
  meprev = findobj(mefile,'label','Print Pre&view...');
  mepset = findobj(mefile,'label','Pa&ge Setup...');
  set(get(mefile,'child'),'vis','off');
  meload = uimenu(mefile,'label','Load a system ...',...
		  'call','pplane7(''loadsyst'',''system'');',...
		  'pos',1);
  mesave = uimenu(mefile,'label','Save the current system ...',...
		  'call','pplane7(''savesyst'',''system'');',...
		  'pos',2);
  meloadg = uimenu(mefile,'label','Load a gallery ...',...
		   'call','pplane7(''loadsyst'',''gallery'');',...
		   'separator','on','pos',3);
  mesaveg = uimenu(mefile,'label','Save a gallery ...',...
		   'call','pplane7(''savesyst'',''gallery'');',...
		   'tag','savegal','pos',4);
  medelg = uimenu(mefile,'label','Delete the current gallery',...
		  'call',delgall,'pos',5);
  melddg = uimenu(mefile,'label','Load the default gallery',...
		  'call','pplane7(''loadsyst'',''default'');',...
		  'enable','on',...
		  'tag','load default','pos',6);
  merevert = uimenu(mefile,'label','Revert','call',...
		    'pplane7(''revert'')',...
		    'separator','on','pos',7);
  meproceed = uimenu(mefile,...
		     'label','Proceed',...
		     'call','pplane7(''proceed'')',...
		     'separator','off',...
		     'accelerator','G','pos',8);
  set(mepset,'vis','on','pos',9);
  set(meprev,'vis','on','pos',10);
  set(meexp,'vis','on','pos',11,'separator','off');
  merestart = uimenu(mefile,'label',...
		     'Restart pplane7',...
		     'call','pplane7(''restart'')',...
		     'separator','on','pos',12);
  
  mequit = uimenu(mefile,...
		  'label','Quit pplane7',...
		  'call','pplane7(''quit'')',...
		  'separator','off','pos',13);
  
  % Edit menu
  
  set(get(meedit,'child'),'vis','off');
  meclrf = uimenu(meedit,'label','Clear equations',...
		  'call',['ud = get(gcf,''user'');h = ud.h;',...
		    'set([h.xvar,h.xder,h.yvar,h.yder],''string'','''');'],...
		  'accelerator','E');
  
  pclear = [
      'ud = get(gcf,''user'');h = ud.h;',...
      'set([h.pname,h.pval],''string'','''');',...
      'ud.c.pname = {'''','''','''','''','''','''',''''};',...
      'ud.c.pval = {'''','''','''','''','''','''',''''};',...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);',...
	   ];
  
  meclrp = uimenu(meedit,'label','Clear parameters',...
      'call',pclear,...
      'accelerator','N');
  
  meclrwind = uimenu(meedit,'label','Clear display window',...
      'call',['ud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
         'set(ud.h.wind,''string'','''');'],...
      'accelerator','D');
  
  allclear = [
      'ud = get(gcf,''user'');h = ud.h;',...
      'set([h.xvar,h.xder,h.yvar,h.yder],''string'','''');',...
      'set([h.pname,h.pval,h.wind],''string'','''');',...
      'ud.c.pname = {'''','''','''','''','''','''',''''};',...
      'ud.c.pval = {'''','''','''','''','''','''',''''};',...
      'set(gcf,''user'',ud);',...
	     ];
  
  meclrall = uimenu(meedit,'label','Clear all',...
      'call',allclear,...
      'accelerator','A',...
      'separator','on');
  
  % Gallery menu.
   
   sysmenu = uimenu('label','Gallery','visible','off','pos',3);
   
   meadd = uimenu(sysmenu,'label','Add current system to the gallery',...
      'call','pplane7(''addgall'');','tag','add system');
   sep = 'on';
   for kk = 1:length(system)
      kkk = num2str(kk);
      if kk == 2, sep = 'off';end
      sysmen(kk) = uimenu(sysmenu,'label',system(kk).name,...
         'call',['pplane7(''system'',',kkk,')'],...
         'separator',sep,'visible','off');
   end
   set(sysmenu,'user',system);
   ud.h.gallery = sysmenu;
   ud.flag = 0;
   ud.egg = (exist('EASTEREGG') ==2);
   
   % Record the handles in the User Data of the Set Up figure.
   
   set(ppset,'user',ud);
   hhhh = findobj(ppset,'type','uicontrol');
   set(hhhh,'units','normal')
   
   set(ppset,'visible','on','resize','on');
   set(get(ppset,'children'),'visible','on');
   set(get(sysmenu,'children'),'visible','on');
 %end
  set(0,'showhiddenhandles',hhsetup);
  
elseif strcmp(action,'savesyst')
   
   ppset = findobj('name','pplane7 Setup');
   type = input1;
   sud = get(ppset,'user');
   
   switch type
   case 'system'  
      systems = get(sud.h.gallery,'user');
      
      newsyst = sud.c;
      fn = newsyst.name;
      if ~isempty(fn)
         fn(find(abs(fn)==32))='_';   % Replace spaces by underlines.
      end	
      fn = [fn, '.pps'];
      comp = computer;
      switch  comp
      case 'PCWIN'
         filter = [sud.ppdir, '\',fn];
      case 'MAC2'
         filter = [sud.ppdir,':', fn];
      otherwise
         filter = [sud.ppdir,'/', fn];
      end
      [fname,pname] = uiputfile(filter,'Save the system as:');
      if fname == 0,return;end
      if ~strcmp(fname,fn)
         ll = length(fname);
         if (ll>4 & strcmp(fname(ll-3:ll),'.pps'))
            fn = fname;
         else
            fn = [fname, '.pps'];
         end
         newsyst.name = fn;
         sud.c.name = fn;
         set(ppset,'user',sud);
      end
      newsysts = newsyst;
      
   case 'gallery'
      systems = get(sud.h.gallery,'user');
      ll = length(systems); 
      if ll == 0
	warndlg(['There are no systems to make up a gallery.'],'Warning');
	return
      end
      names = cell(ll,1);
      for j=1:ll
	names{j} = systems(j).name;
      end	
      [sel,ok] = listdlg('PromptString','Select the systems',...
			 'Name','Gallery selection',...
			 'ListString',names);
      if isempty(sel)
	return
      else
	newsysts = systems(sel);
      end	
      comp = computer;
      switch  comp
       case 'PCWIN'
	prompt = [sud.ppdir,'\*.ppg'];
       case 'MAC2'
	prompt = [sud.ppdir,':*.ppg'];
       otherwise
	prompt = [sud.ppdir,':/.ppg'];
      end
      [fname,pname] = uiputfile(prompt,'Save the gallery as:');
      ll = length(fname);
      if (ll>4 & strcmp(fname(ll-3:ll),'.ppg'))
	fn = fname;
      else
	fn = [fname, '.ppg'];
      end
      newsyst.name = fn(1:ll-4);
      sud.c.name = fn(1:ll-4);
      set(ppset,'user',sud);
      
   end  % switch type
   
   ll = length(newsysts);
   fid = fopen([pname fn],'w');
   ppstring = '%%%% PPLANE file %%%%';
   fprintf(fid,[ppstring,'\n']);
   for k = 1:ll
     fprintf(fid,'\n');
     nstr = newsysts(k).name;
     nstr = strrep(nstr,'''','''''');
     nstr = ['H.name = ''', nstr, ''';\n'];
     fprintf(fid,nstr);
     xname = newsysts(k).xvar;
     xnstr = ['H.xvar = ''', xname];
     xnstr = strrep(xnstr,'\','\\');
     xnstr = [xnstr, ''';\n'];
     fprintf(fid,xnstr);
     yname = newsysts(k).yvar;
     ynstr = ['H.yvar = ''', yname];
     ynstr = strrep(ynstr,'\','\\');
     ynstr = [ynstr, ''';\n'];
     fprintf(fid,ynstr);
     xder = newsysts(k).xder;
     xdstr = ['H.xder = ''', xder];
     xdstr = strrep(xdstr,'\','\\');
     xdstr = [xdstr, ''';\n'];
     fprintf(fid,xdstr);
     yder = newsysts(k).yder;
     ydstr = ['H.yder = ''', yder];
     ydstr = strrep(ydstr,'\','\\');
     ydstr = [ydstr, ''';\n'];
     fprintf(fid,ydstr);
     
     pname = strrep(newsysts(k).pname,'\','\\');
     pval = strrep(newsysts(k).pval,'\','\\');
     pnl = length(pname);
     pvl = length(pval);
     for kk = 1:6
       if kk <= pnl
	 pns = pname{kk};
       else
	 pns = '';
       end
       if kk <= pvl
	 pvs = pval{kk};
       else
	 pvs = '';
       end
       if kk == 1
	 pnstr = ['H.pname = {''', pns, ''''];
	 pvstr = ['H.pval = {''', pvs, ''''];
       else
	 pnstr = [pnstr, ',''',pns, ''''];
	 pvstr = [pvstr, ',''',pvs, ''''];
       end
     end
     pnstr = [pnstr, '};\n'];
     pvstr = [pvstr, '};\n'];
     

     fprintf(fid,pnstr);
     fprintf(fid,pvstr);
     ftstr = ['H.fieldtype = ''', newsysts(k).fieldtype];
     ftstr - strrep(ftstr,'\','\\');
     ftstr = [ftstr, ''';\n'];
     fprintf(fid,ftstr);
     nstr = ['H.npts = ', num2str(newsysts(k).npts),';\n'];
     fprintf(fid,nstr);
     wind = newsysts(k).wind;
     wstr = ['H.wind = [', num2str(wind),'];\n'];
     fprintf(fid,wstr);
     
     
   end
   fclose(fid);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'loadsyst')  % This loads either a system or a gallery.
   
   sud = get(gcf,'user');
   pos = get(gcf,'pos');
   wpos = [pos(1),pos(2)+pos(4)+20,300,20];
   waith = figure('pos',wpos,...
		  'numb','off',...
		  'vis','off',...
		  'next','replace',...
		  'menubar','none',...
		  'resize','off',...
		  'createfcn','');
   axes('pos',[0.01,0.01,0.98,0.98],...
	'vis','off');
   xp = [0 0 0 0];
   yp = [0 0 1 1];
   xl = [1 0 0 1 1];
   yl = [0 0 1 1 0];
   patchh = patch(xp,yp,'r','edgecolor','r','erase','none');
   lineh = line(xl,yl,'erase','none','color','k');
   type = input1;  
   set(sud.h.gallery,'enable','off');
   if strcmp(type,'default')
     set(waith,'name','Loading the default gallery.','vis','on');
     set(findobj('tag','load default'),'enable','off');
     megall = sud.h.gallery;
     mh = get(megall,'children');
     add = findobj(megall,'tag','add system');
     mh(find(mh == add)) = [];
     delete(mh);
     newsysstruct = get(megall,'user');
     system = sud.system;
     ll = length(system);
     x = 1/(ll+2);
     xp = [xp(2),x,x,xp(2)];
     set(patchh,'xdata',xp);
     set(lineh,'xdata',xl);
     drawnow;
     sep = 'on';
     for kk = 1:length(system)
       kkk = num2str(kk);
       if kk ==2, sep = 'off';end
       uimenu(megall,'label',system(kk).name,...
	      'call',['pplane7(''system'',',kkk,')'],...
	      'separator',sep);
     end % for
     set(megall,'user',system);
   else
     comp = computer;
     switch  comp
      case 'PCWIN'
       prompt = [sud.ppdir,'\'];
      case 'MAC2'
       prompt = [sud.ppdir,':'];
      otherwise
       prompt = [sud.ppdir,'/'];
     end
     
     if strcmp(type,'system')
       prompt = [prompt,'*.pps'];
       [fname,pname] = uigetfile(prompt,'Select a system to load.');
     elseif strcmp(type,'gallery')
       prompt = [prompt,'*.ppg'];
       [fname,pname] = uigetfile(prompt,'Select a gallery to load.');
     end  % if strcmp
     
     if fname == 0
       delete(waith);
       set(sud.h.gallery,'enable','on');
       return;
     end
     set(waith,'name',['Loading ',fname],'vis','on');
     fid = fopen([pname fname],'r');
     sline = fgetl(fid);
     if strcmp(sline,'%% PPLANE file %%')
       date = 'new';
     else
       date = 'old';
     end
     newsysts = {};
     switch date
      case 'old'
       newsysts{1} = sline;
       kk = 1;
      case 'new' 
       kk = 0;
     end
     while ~feof(fid)
       kk = kk + 1;
       newsysts{kk} = fgetl(fid);
     end
     fclose(fid);
     newsysts = newsysts([1:kk]);
     false = 0;
     switch date
      case 'old'
       if mod(kk,19)
	 false = 1;
       end
      case 'new'
       if mod(kk,11)
	 false = 1;
       end
     end %switch date
     if false
       if strcmp(type,'system')
	 warndlg(['The file ',fname, ' does not define a proper system.'],...
		 'Warning');
       elseif strcmp(type,'gallery')
	 warndlg(['The file ',fname, ' does not define a proper gallery.'],...
		 'Warning');
       end
       set(sud.h.gallery,'enable','on');
       delete(waith);
       return
     end %if false
     switch date
      case 'old'
       x = 19/(kk+38);
       xp = [xp(2),x,x,xp(2)];
       set(patchh,'xdata',xp);
       set(lineh,'xdata',xl);
       drawnow;
       nnn = kk/19;
       flds = fieldnames(sud.c);
       flds=flds(:);
       for j = 0:(nnn-1)
         newsystemp = newsysts([(j*19+1):(j+1)*19]);
	 newsyst.name = newsystemp{1};
	 newsyst.xvar = newsystemp{2};
	 newsyst.yvar = newsystemp{3};
	 newsyst.xder = newsystemp{4};
	 newsyst.yder = newsystemp{5};
	 newsyst.pname = {newsystemp{6}, newsystemp{7},...
			  newsystemp{8}, newsystemp{9},'',''};
	 newsyst.pval = {newsystemp{10},...
			 newsystemp{11},...
 			 newsystemp{12},...
 			 newsystemp{13},'',''};
	 newsyst.fieldtype = newsystemp{14};
	 newsyst.npts = str2num(newsystemp{15});
	 wind = newsystemp(16:19);
         newsyst.wind = [str2num(wind{1}),str2num(wind{2}),...
			 str2num(wind{3}),str2num(wind{4})];
	 newsysstruct(j+1) = newsyst;
       end  % for j = 0:(nnn-1)	  
      case 'new'
       x = 11/(kk+22);
       xp = [xp(2),x,x,xp(2)];
       set(patchh,'xdata',xp);
       set(lineh,'xdata',xl);
       drawnow;
       nnn = kk/11;
       for j = 1:nnn
	 for k = 2:11;
	   eval(newsysts{(j-1)*11+k});
	 end
	 newsysstruct(j) = H;
       end
       
     end %switch date
   end  % if strcmp(type,'default') & else
   nnn = length(newsysstruct);
   ignoresyst = {};
   for j = 1:nnn
      x = (j+1)/(nnn+2);
      xp = [xp(2),x,x,xp(2)];
      set(patchh,'xdata',xp);
      set(lineh,'xdata',xl);
      drawnow;
      newsyst = newsysstruct(j);
      sname = newsyst.name;
      sname(find(abs(sname) == 95)) = ' '; % Replace underscores with spaces.
      newsyst.name = sname;
      ignore = pplane7('addgall',newsyst);
      if ignore == -1;
         ignoresyst{length(ignoresyst)+1} = sname;
      end  
   end % for j = 1:nnn
   l = length(ignoresyst);
   if l  % There was at least one system which was a dup with a
      % different name.
      if l == 1
         message = {['The system ',ignoresyst{1},'" duplicates a ',...
                  'system already in the gallery and was not added.']};
      else
         message = 'The systems ';
         for k = 1:(l-1)
            message = [message,'"',ignoresyst{k},'", ']; 
         end
         message = {[message,'and "',ignoresyst{l},'" duplicate ',...
                  'systems already in the gallery and were not added.']};
      end % if l == 1 & else
      helpdlg(message,'Ignored systems');
   end  % if l
   if strcmp(type,'system') % Added a system.
      if ignore > 0 % The system was ignored.
         kk = ignore;
      else
         systems = get(sud.h.gallery,'user');
         kk = length(systems);
      end
      pplane7('system',kk);
   end  
   if strcmp('type','default')
      pplane7('system',1);
   end  
   set(sud.h.gallery,'enable','on');
   x = 1;
   xp = [xp(2),x,x,xp(2)];
   set(patchh,'xdata',xp);
   set(lineh,'xdata',xl);
   drawnow;
   delete(waith);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'addgall')
   
  output = 0;
  ppset = findobj('name','pplane7 Setup');
  sud = get(ppset,'user');
  if nargin < 2    % We are adding the current system.
    
    syst = sud.c;
    snstr = 'Provide a name for this system.';
    sname = inputdlg(snstr,'System name',1,{syst.name});
    if isempty(sname),return;end
    sname = sname{1};
    if ~strcmp(sname,syst.name)
      sud.c.name = sname;
      set(ppset,'user',sud);
      syst.name = sname;
    end  
    
  else  % We have a system coming from a file.
    syst = input1;
    sname = syst.name;
  end
  pnl = length(syst.pname);
  for kk = (pnl+1):6
    syst.pname{kk} = '';
  end
  pvl = length(syst.pval);
  for kk = (pvl+1):6
    syst.pval{kk} = '';
  end

  systems = get(sud.h.gallery,'user');
  ll = length(systems);
  kk = 1;
  while ((kk<=ll) & (~strcmp(sname,systems(kk).name)))
    kk = kk + 1;
  end
  nameflag = (kk<=ll);
  ssyst = rmfield(syst,'name');
  kk = 1;
  while ((kk<=ll) & (~isequal(ssyst,rmfield(systems(kk),'name'))))
    kk = kk + 1;
  end
  systflag = 2*(kk<=ll);
  flag = nameflag + systflag;
  switch flag
   case 1  % Same name but different system.
    mh = findobj(sud.h.gallery,'label',sname);
    prompt = {['The system "',sname,'", which you wish to ',...
	       'add to the gallery has ',...
               'the same name as a different system ',...
	       'already in the gallery.  Please ',...
               'specify the name for the newly added system.'],...
	      'Specify the name for the old system.'};
    title = 'Two systems with the same name';
    lineno = 1;
    defans = {sname,sname};
    answer = inputdlg(prompt,title,lineno,defans);
    if isempty(answer),return,end
    sname = answer{1};
    systems(kk).name = answer{2};
    set(mh,'label',answer{2});
    output = kk;
   case 2  % Two names for the same system.
    oldname = systems(kk).name;
    mh = findobj(sud.h.gallery,'label',oldname);
    
    prompt = {['The system "',sname,'", which you wish to add ',...
               'to the gallery is the same as a system which is ',...
               'already in the gallery with the name "',oldname,'".  ',...
               'Please specify which name you wish to use.']};
    title = 'Two names for the same system.';
    lineno = 1;
    defans = {oldname};
    answer = inputdlg(prompt,title,lineno,defans);
    if isempty(answer),return,end
    systems(kk).name = answer{1};
    set(mh,'label',answer{1});
    output = kk;
   case 3 % Systems and names the same.
    output = -1;
   otherwise
  end  % switch
  set(sud.h.gallery,'user',systems);
  syst.name = sname;
  if flag <=1
    switch ll
     case 0
      systems = syst;
      sepstr = 'on';
     case 10
      systems(11) = syst;
      if strcmp(systems(10).name,'square limit set')
	sepstr = 'on';
      else
	sepstr = 'off';
      end
     otherwise
      systems(ll+1) = syst;
      sepstr = 'off';
    end      
    kkk = num2str(ll+1); 
    newmenu = uimenu(sud.h.gallery,'label',sname,...
		     'call',['pplane7(''system'',',kkk,')'],...
		     'separator',sepstr);
    set(findobj('tag','savegal'),'enable','on');
  end
  set(sud.h.gallery,'user',systems);
  
elseif strcmp(action,'system')
  
   ppset = findobj('name','pplane7 Setup');
   ud = get(ppset,'user');
   kk = input1;
   if isstr(kk)
      kk = str2num(input1);
   end
   system = get(ud.h.gallery,'user');
   syst = system(kk);
   xname = syst.xvar;
   yname = syst.yvar;
   set(ud.h.xvar,'string',xname);
   set(ud.h.yvar,'string',yname);
   set(ud.h.xder,'string',syst.xder);
   set(ud.h.yder,'string',syst.yder);
   pname = syst.pname;
   pval = syst.pval;
   pnl = length(pname);
   pvl = length(pval);
   for kk = 1:6
     if kk <= pnl
       set(ud.h.pname(kk),'string',pname{kk});
     else
       set(ud.h.pname(kk),'string','');
       syst.pname{kk} = '';
     end
     if kk <= pvl
       set(ud.h.pval(kk),'string',pval{kk});
     else
       set(ud.h.pval(kk),'string','');
       syst.pval{kk} = '';
     end
   end
   ud.o = syst;
   ud.c = syst;
   set(ud.h.twind(1),'string',['The minimum value of ',xname,' = ']);
   set(ud.h.twind(2),'string',['The maximum value of ',xname,' = ']);
   set(ud.h.twind(3),'string',['The minimum value of ',yname,' = ']);
   set(ud.h.twind(4),'string',['The maximum value of ',yname,' = ']);
   for kk = 1:4
     set(ud.h.wind(kk),'string',num2str(syst.wind(kk)));
   end
   set(ud.h.npts,'string',num2str(syst.npts));
   
   switch syst.fieldtype
   case 'nullclines'
      rval = [1 0 0 0];
   case 'lines'
      rval = [0 2 0 0];
   case 'arrows' 
      rval = [0 0 3 0];
   case 'none' 
      rval = [0 0 0 4];
   otherwise
      error(['Unknown fieldtype ',ud.o.fieldtype,'.'])
   end		
   
   for i=1:4
      set(ud.h.rad(i),'value',rval(i));
   end	
   ud.flag = 0;
   set(ppset,'user',ud);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'revert')
   
   ud = get(gcf,'user');
   ud.c = ud.o;
   syst = ud.o;
   xname = syst.xvar;
   yname = syst.yvar;
   set(ud.h.xvar,'string',xname);
   set(ud.h.yvar,'string',yname);
   set(ud.h.xder,'string',syst.xder);
   set(ud.h.yder,'string',syst.yder);
   pname = syst.pname;
   pval = syst.pval;
   pnl = length(pname);
   pvl = length(pval);
   for kk = 1:6
     if kk <= pnl
       nstr = pname(kk);
     else
       nstr = '';
     end
     if kk <= pvl
       vstr = pval(kk);
     else
       vstr = '';
     end
     set(ud.h.pname(kk),'string',nstr);
     set(ud.h.pval(kk),'string',vstr);
   end
   set(ud.h.twind(1),'string',['The minimum value of ',xname,' = ']);
   set(ud.h.twind(2),'string',['The maximum value of ',xname,' = ']);
   set(ud.h.twind(3),'string',['The minimum value of ',yname,' = ']);
   set(ud.h.twind(4),'string',['The maximum value of ',yname,' = ']);
   for kk = 1:4
     set(ud.h.wind(kk),'string',num2str(syst.wind(kk)));
   end
   set(ud.h.npts,'string',num2str(syst.npts));
   
   switch syst.fieldtype
    case 'lines'
     rval(1) = 1;
     rval(2) = 0;rval(3) = 0;
    case 'arrows' 
     rval(1) = 0;rval(2) = 2;rval(3) = 0;
    case 'none' 
     rval(1) = 0;rval(2) = 0;rval(3) = 3;
    otherwise
     error(['Unknown fieldtype ',ud.o.fieldtype,'.'])
   end		
   
   for i=1:3
     set(ud.h.rad(i),'value',rval(i));
   end	
   set(gcf,'user',ud);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'proceed')
   
   % Proceed connects Setup with the Display window.
   
   ppset = gcf;
   sud = get(ppset,'user');
   sud.o = sud.c;
   set(ppset,'user',sud);
   he = findobj('name','pplane7 Equilibrium point data');
   hl = findobj('name','pplane7 Linearization');
   close([he;hl]);
   % set([he;hl],'vis','off');
   
   % Some error checking that has to be done no matter what.
   
   WINvect = sud.c.wind;
   if any(isnan(WINvect))
      sud.flag = 0;
      set(ppset,'user',sud);
      errmsg = ['One of the entries defining the display window ',...
            'is not a number.'];
      fprintf('\a')
      errordlg(errmsg,'PPLANE error','on');
      return
   end
   xstr = sud.c.xvar;
   if isempty(xstr)
      sud.flag = 0;
      set(ppset,'user',sud);
      errmsg = 'The first dependent variable needs a name.';
      fprintf('\a')
      errordlg(errmsg,'PPLANE error','on');
      return
   end
   ystr = sud.c.yvar;
   if isempty(ystr)
      sud.flag = 0;
      set(ppset,'user',sud);
      errmsg = 'The second dependent variable needs a name.';
      fprintf('\a')
      errordlg(errmsg,'PPLANE error','on');
      return
   end
   if WINvect(2)<= WINvect(1)
      sud.flag = 0;
      set(ppset,'user',sud);
      errmsg = ['The minimum value of ', xstr,...
            ' must be smaller than the maximum value.'];
      fprintf('\a')
      errordlg(errmsg,'PPLANE error','on');
      return
   end
   if WINvect(4)<= WINvect(3)
      sud.flag = 0;
      set(ppset,'user',sud);
      errmsg = ['The minimum value of ', ystr,...
            ' must be smaller than the maximum value.'];
      fprintf('\a')
      errordlg(errmsg,'PPLANE error','on');
      return
   end
   if isnan(sud.c.npts)
      sud.flag = 0;
      set(ppset,'user',sud);
      errmsg = 'The entry for the number of field points is not a number.';
      fprintf('\a')
      errordlg(errmsg,'PPLANE error','on');
      return
   end
   
   %  sud.flag = 0 if this is the first time through for this equation, 
   %  sud.flag = 1 if only the window dimensions or the field data 
   %  have been changed.
   
   % If sud.flag == 1 we only have to update things.
   
   if (sud.flag == 1)
     Arrflag = sud.c.fieldtype;
     NumbFPts = sud.c.npts;
     ppdisp = findobj('name','pplane7 Display');
     dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
     aud = get(dud.axes,'user');
     wind = sud.c.wind(:);
     if (~all(wind == dud.syst.wind(:)))
       dwind = [wind(1); wind(3); -wind(2); -wind(4)];
       aud.DY = [wind(2)-wind(1); wind(4)-wind(3)];
       aud.cwind = dwind - dud.settings.magn*[aud.DY;aud.DY];
       set(dud.axes,'user',aud);
     end
     
     arr = dud.arr;
     menull = findobj('tag','null');      
     switch Arrflag
      case 'nullclines'
       set([arr.hx;arr.hy;arr.barrows],'vis','on');
       set([arr.lines;arr.arrows],'vis','off');
       set(menull,'enable','on','label','Hide nullclines.');	  
      case 'lines'
       set(arr.lines,'vis','on');
       set([arr.hx;arr.hy;arr.arrows;arr.barrows],'vis','off');
       set(menull,'enable','on','label','Show nullclines.');	  
      case 'arrows'
       set(arr.arrows,'vis','on');
       set([arr.lines;arr.hx;arr.hy;arr.barrows],'vis','off');
       set(menull,'enable','on','label','Show nullclines.');	  
      otherwise
       set([arr.hx;arr.hy;arr.lines;arr.arrows;arr.barrows],'vis','off');
       set(menull,'enable','on','label','Show nullclines.');	  
     end
     dud.syst.fieldtype = Arrflag;
     set(ppdisp,'user',dud);
     
     if ( (NumbFPts ~= dud.syst.npts) | (any(WINvect ~= dud.syst.wind) ) )
       dud.syst.wind = WINvect;			
       dud.syst.npts = NumbFPts;
       set(ppdisp,'user',dud);
       pplane7('dirfield',ppdisp);
     end
     figure(ppdisp);
   else
     sud.flag = 1;
     set(ppset,'user',sud);	
      
     sud = get(ppset,'user');
     %  WINvect = sud.c.wind;
     
     Xname = sud.c.xvar;
     Yname = sud.c.yvar;
     xderivstr = sud.c.xder;
     yderivstr = sud.c.yder;
     pname = sud.c.pname;
     parav = sud.c.pval;
     
     % Convert the parameters to their current values.  First remove the
     % blanks.  Also remove the periods inserted by users attempting to
     % make the function array smart.
     
     xderivstr(find(abs(xderivstr)==32))=[];
     l=length(xderivstr);
     for ( k = fliplr(findstr('.',xderivstr)))
       if (find('*/^' == xderivstr(k+1)))
	 xderivstr = [xderivstr(1:k-1), xderivstr(k+1:l)]
       end
       l=l-1;
     end
     
     yderivstr(find(abs(yderivstr)==32))=[];
     l=length(yderivstr);
     for ( k = fliplr(findstr('.',yderivstr)))
       if (find('*/^' == yderivstr(k+1)))
	 yderivstr = [yderivstr(1:k-1), yderivstr(k+1:l)];
       end
       l=l-1;
     end
     
     for kk = 1:6
       pval = parav{kk};
       if ~isempty(pval)
	 pabs = abs(pval);
	 kkk = find(pabs==32);
	 pval(kkk) = [];
	 l = length(pval);
	 for ( k = fliplr(findstr('.',pval)))
	   if (find('*/^' == pval(k+1)))
	     pval = [pval(1:k-1), pval(k+1:l)];
	   end
	   l=l-1;
	 end
	 parav{kk} = pval;
       end
     end
     
     % Build strings for the title.
     txderstr = xderivstr;
     tyderstr = yderivstr;
     
     kxder = find(abs(txderstr)==42);
     txderstr(kxder)=' '*ones(size(kxder));
     txderstr = strrep(txderstr,'-',' - ');
     txderstr = strrep(txderstr,'+',' + ');
     if (abs(txderstr(1)) == 32)
       txderstr = txderstr(2:length(txderstr));
     end
     
     kxder = find(abs(tyderstr)==42);
     tyderstr(kxder)=' '*ones(size(kxder));
     tyderstr = strrep(tyderstr,'-',' - ');
     tyderstr = strrep(tyderstr,'+',' + ');
     if (abs(tyderstr(1)) == 32)
       tyderstr = tyderstr(2:length(tyderstr));
     end
     
     tstr1 = [Xname,' '' = ', txderstr];
     tstr2 = [Yname,' '' = ', tyderstr];
     tstr = str2mat(tstr1,tstr2);
     dud.tstr = tstr;
     pstr1 = {' ';' '};
     pstr2 = {' ';' '};
     pstr3 = {' ';' '};
     
     pstring = cell(6,1);
     for kk = 1:6
       if ~isempty(parav{kk})
	 tpstr = parav{kk};
	 kxder = find(abs(tpstr)==42);  % Get rid of *s
	 tpstr(kxder)=' '*ones(size(kxder));
	 tpstr = strrep(tpstr,'-',' - ');  % Extra spaces
	 tpstr = strrep(tpstr,'+',' + ');
	 if (abs(tpstr(1)) == 32)  % Get rid of starting space
	   tpstr = tpstr(2:length(tpstr));
	 end
	 pstring{kk} = [pname{kk},' = ', tpstr];
       else
	 % pstring{kk} = [pname{kk},' = ',parav{kk}];
	 pstring{kk} = [pname{kk},' = '];
       end
     end
     
     % Get ready to do some error trapping.
     
     SS = warning;
     warning off
     XxXxXx = WINvect(1) + rand*(WINvect(2)-WINvect(1));
     YyYyYy = WINvect(3) + rand*(WINvect(4)-WINvect(3));
     err = 0;
     
     % Now we remove the backslashes (\) used to get Greek into the
     % labels. 
     txname = Xname;
     tyname = Yname;    
     xderivstr(find(abs(xderivstr)==92))=[];
     yderivstr(find(abs(yderivstr)==92))=[];
     Xname(find(abs(Xname)==92))=[];
     Yname(find(abs(Yname)==92))=[];
     
     eval([Xname,'=XxXxXx;'],'err = 1;');
     if err
       sud.flag = 0;
       set(ppset,'user',sud);
       errmsg = ['"',xstr, '" is not a valid variable name in MATLAB.'];
       fprintf('\a')
       errordlg(errmsg,'PPLANE error','on');
       return
     end
     err = 0;
     eval([Yname,'=YyYyYy;'],'err = 1;');
     if err
       sud.flag = 0;
       set(ppset,'user',sud);
       errmsg = ['"',ystr, '" is not a valid variable name in MATLAB.'];
       fprintf('\a')
       errordlg(errmsg,'PPLANE error','on');
       return
     end
     
     
     % Replace the parameters/expressions with their values.
     
     pflag = zeros(1,6);
     perr = [];
     for kk = 1:6
       if ~isempty(pname{kk})
	 pn = pname{kk};
	 pv = parav{kk};
	 if isempty(pv) 
	   perr = [perr, sud.h.pval(kk)];
	 else 
	   if isempty(str2num(pv)) % This is an expression.
	     tpv = pv;
	     tpv(find(abs(tpv)==92))=[];
	     err = 0; pval = '';
	     eval(['pval = ',tpv,';'],'err=1;');
	     if (err | isempty(pval))
	       errmsg = ['The expression for ',pn,' is not valid.'];
	       fprintf('\a')
	       errordlg(errmsg,'pplane7 error','on');
	       warning(SS)
	       return
	     end
	   end
	   xxderivstr = pplane7('paraeval',pn,pv,xderivstr);
	   yyderivstr = pplane7('paraeval',pn,pv,yderivstr);
	   if (~strcmp(xxderivstr,xderivstr) | ~strcmp(yyderivstr,yderivstr) )
	     pflag(kk) = 1;
	     xderivstr = xxderivstr;
	     yderivstr = yyderivstr;
	   end
	 end
       end
     end
     
     % We have to make the derivative strings array smart.
     
     l = length(xderivstr);
     for (k=fliplr(find((xderivstr=='^')|(xderivstr=='*')|(xderivstr=='/'))))
       xderivstr = [xderivstr(1:k-1) '.' xderivstr(k:l)];
       l = l+1;
     end
     
     l = length(yderivstr);
     for (k=fliplr(find((yderivstr=='^')|(yderivstr=='*')|(yderivstr=='/'))))
       yderivstr = [yderivstr(1:k-1) '.' yderivstr(k:l)];
       l = l+1;
     end
     
     % Some more error trapping.
     
     err = 0;res = 1;
     eval(['res = ',xderivstr, ';'],'err = 1;');
     if err | isempty(res)
        if isempty(perr)
	 errmsg = ['The first differential equation ',...
		   'is not entered correctly.'];
       else
	 errstr1 = ['The first differential equation ',...
		    'does not evaluate correctly.'];
	 errstr2 = ['At least one of the parameter values is not ',...
		    'a number.'];
	 errmsg = str2mat(errstr1,errstr2);
	 perr
	 set(perr,'string','?');
       end
       sud.flag = 0;
       set(ppset,'user',sud);
       fprintf('\a')
       errordlg(errmsg,'PPLANE error','on');
       return;
     end
     
     err = 0;res = 1;
     eval(['res = ',yderivstr, ';'],'err = 1;');
     if err | isempty(res)
       if isempty(perr)
	 errmsg = ['The second differential equation ',...
		   'is not entered correctly.'];
       else
	 errstr1 = ['The second differential equation ',...
		    'does not evaluate correctly.'];
	 errstr2 = ['At least one of the parameter values is not ',...
		    'a number.'];
	 errmsg = str2mat(errstr1,errstr2);
	 set(perr,'string','?');
       end
       sud.flag = 0;
       set(ppset,'user',sud);
       fprintf('\a')
       errordlg(errmsg,'PPLANE error','on');
       return;
     end
     
     % If an old function m-file exists delete it, and then build a new one.
     
     %    if (~strcmp(dfcn,'') & exist(dfcn)==2) delete([dfcn,'.m']);end
     tee = clock;
     tee = ceil(tee(6)*100);
     dfcn=['pptp',num2str(tee)];
     fcnstr = ['function YYyYypr = ',dfcn,'(t,YyYy)\n\n'];
     commstr = '%%%% Created by pplane7\n\n';
     varstr = [Xname,' = YyYy(1,:);', Yname,' = YyYy(2,:);\n\n'];
     lenstr = ['l = length(YyYy(1,:));\n'];
     derstr1 = ['XxXxxpr = ', xderivstr,';\n'];
     derstr2 = ['if (length(XxXxxpr) < l) XxXxxpr = XxXxxpr*ones(1,l);end\n'];
     derstr3 = ['YyYyypr = ', yderivstr,';\n'];
     derstr4 = ['if (length(YyYyypr) < l) YyYyypr = YyYyypr*ones(1,l);end\n'];
     derstr5 = 'YYyYypr = [XxXxxpr;YyYyypr];\n';
     ppf = fopen([tempdir,dfcn,'.m'],'w');
     
     fprintf(ppf,fcnstr);
     fprintf(ppf,commstr);
     fprintf(ppf,varstr);
     fprintf(ppf,lenstr);
     fprintf(ppf,derstr1);
     fprintf(ppf,derstr2);
     fprintf(ppf,derstr3);
     fprintf(ppf,derstr4);
     fprintf(ppf,derstr5);
     fclose(ppf);
     
     
     
     % Find pplane7 Display if it exists.	
     % If pplane7 Display exists, update it.  If it does not build it.
     
     ppdisp = findobj('name','pplane7 Display');
     if (~isempty(ppdisp))
       figure(ppdisp);
       dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
       dud.syst = sud.c;
       dud.settings = sud.settings;
       dfcnn = dud.function;
	 if  exist(dfcnn)==2
	   delete([tempdir,dfcnn,'.m']);
	 end
	 xmstr = [txname,' vs. t'];
	 ymstr = [tyname,' vs. t'];
	 set(dud.menu(3),'label',xmstr);
	 set(dud.menu(5),'label',ymstr);
	 menull = findobj('tag','null');
	 if ~isempty(menull)
	   delete(get(menull,'user'));
	   set(menull,'user',[]);      
	 end
     else
       ppdisp = figure('name','pplane7 Display',...
		       'numb','off',...
		       'interrupt','on',...
		       'visible','off',...
		       'tag','pplane7');
       pplane7('figdefault',ppdisp);
       dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
       dud.syst = sud.c;
       switch dud.syst.name
	case 'pendulum'
	 dud.level = 'omega^2 - 2*cos(theta)';
	otherwise
	 dud.level = ' ';
       end
       dud.settings = sud.settings;
       dud.egg = sud.egg;      
       dud.noticeflag = 1;
       dud.contours = zeros(0,1);
       fs = dud.fontsize;
       ssize = dud.ssize;
       r = ssize/10;
       ppaxw = 437*1.2;	% Default axes width
       ppaxh = 315*1.2;	% Default axes height
       ppaxl = 45*1.2;	% Default axes left
       buttw = 40*1.2;     % Default button width
       titleh = 45;    % Default title height.  This is changed later.
       nframeh = 70;   % Default notice frame height
       ppaxb = 4+nframeh+35;
       bottomedge = 38;
       ppdh = bottomedge + nframeh + ppaxh + titleh;
       uni = get(0,'units');
       set(0,'units','pixels');
       ss = get(0,'screensize');
       set(0,'units',uni);
       sw = ss(3);sh = ss(4);
       bottom = 10;
       if r*ppdh > sh -bottom -35;
	 r = (sh-bottom-35)/ppdh;
	 fs = 10*r;
	 lw = 0.5*r;
	 set(gcf,'defaultaxesfontsize',fs,'defaultaxeslinewidth',lw);
	 set(gcf,'defaulttextfontsize',fs);
	 set(gcf,'defaultlinelinewidth',lw);
	 set(gcf,'defaultuicontrolfontsize',fs*0.9);
       end
       
       % Set up the bulletin window.
       
       nframe = uicontrol('style','frame','visible','on');
       nstr = {'More';'than';'five';'lines';'of text'};
       dud.notice = uicontrol('style','text',...
			      'horiz','left',...
			      'string',nstr,'visible','on');
       ext = get(dud.notice,'extent');
       nframeh = ext(4)+2;
       
       titleh = r*titleh;
       ppaxl = r*ppaxl;
       ppaxw = r*ppaxw;
       ppaxh = r*ppaxh;
       ppaxb = nframeh+r*bottomedge;
       buttw = r*buttw;
       butth = fs+10*r;
       buttl = ppaxl + ppaxw + 5;
       buttsep = (ppaxh - butth)/2;
       % Set up the coordinate display
       
       cstr = '(0.99999999, 0,99999999)';
       dud.ccwind = uicontrol('style','text',...
			      'horiz','left',...
			      'string',cstr,...
			      'visible','on');
       cext = get(dud.ccwind,'extent');
       ccwindtxt = uicontrol('style','text',...
			     'horiz','left',...
			     'string','Cursor position: ',...
			     'visible','on');
       cwh = cext(4);
       cww = cext(3);
       
       
       % Set up the plot axes.
       
       dud.axes = axes('units','pix',...
		       'position',[ppaxl,ppaxb,ppaxw,ppaxh],...
		       'next','add',...
		       'box','on',...
		       'interrupt','on',...
		       'xgrid','on',...
		       'ygrid','on',...
		       'drawmode','fast',...
		       'visible','off',...
		       'tag','display axes');
       
       % Set up the title.
       
       dud.title.axes = axes('box','off','xlim',[0 1],'ylim',[0 1],...
			     'units','pix','vis','off',...
			     'xtick',[-1],'ytick',[-1],...
			     'xticklabel','','yticklabel','');
       
       dud.title.eq = text(0.01,0.5,' ','vert','middle');
       dud.title.p1 = text(0.75,0.5,' ','vert','middle');
       dud.title.p2 = text(0.65,0.5,' ','vert','middle');
       dud.title.p3 = text(0.55,0.5,' ','vert','middle');
       tstr = {'x_2';'y^2'};
       set(dud.title.eq,'string',tstr,'units','pix');
       ext = get(dud.title.eq ,'extent');
       titleh = ext(4)+15*r;
       set(dud.title.eq,'units','data');
       taxpos = [ppaxl,ppaxb+ppaxh,ppaxw,titleh];
       set(dud.title.axes,'pos',taxpos,'color',get(gcf,'color'));
       
       % Finish the positions.
       
       ppdw = buttl + buttw +5;
       ppdh = ppaxb+ppaxh+titleh;
       set(nframe,'pos',[10,1,ppdw-20,nframeh]);
       set(dud.notice,'pos',[15,1,ppdw-30,nframeh-2],...
		      'string',{' ';' ';' ';' ';' '});
       
       ctext = get(ccwindtxt,'extent');
       cc1pos = [ppaxl,2+nframeh,ctext(3),cwh];
       cc2pos = [ppaxl+ctext(3),2+nframeh,cww,cwh];
       set(ccwindtxt,'pos',cc1pos);
       set(dud.ccwind,'pos',cc2pos,...
		      'string','');
       
       ppdleft = max((sw-ppdw)/2,sw-ppdw-60);
       ppdbot = sh - ppdh - 35;
       ppdpos = [ppdleft,ppdbot,ppdw,ppdh];
       set(ppdisp,'resize','on');
       set(ppdisp,'pos',ppdpos);
       
       Arrflag = sud.c.fieldtype;
       
       % Set up the buttons
       
       stopstr = 'aud = get(gca,''user'');aud.stop = 4;set(gca,''user'',aud);';
       
       dbutt(1) = uicontrol('style','push',...
			    'pos',[buttl,ppaxb+2*buttsep,buttw,butth],...
			    'string','Stop','call',stopstr,...
			    'vis','off','tag','stop');
       
       dbutt(2) = uicontrol('style','push',...
			    'pos',[buttl,ppaxb,buttw,butth],...
			    'string','Quit',...
			    'call','pplane7(''quit'')','visible','off');
       
       dbutt(3) = uicontrol('style','push',...
			    'pos',[buttl,ppaxb+buttsep,buttw,butth],...
			    'string','Print',...
			    'call','pplane7(''print'')','visible','off');	
       
       dud.butt = dbutt;
       
       % Menus and Toolbar
       
       hhsetup = get(0,'showhiddenhandles');
       set(0,'showhiddenhandles','on');
       
       % Configure the Toolbar.
       
       fixtb = ['set(gcbo,''state'',''off'');'];
       
       set(ppdisp,'ToolBar','none');
       
       % Menus
       
       tmenu = findobj(ppdisp,'label','&Tools');
       delete(tmenu);
       
       % Insert menu
      
       imenu = findobj(gcf,'label','&Insert');
       inschild = get(imenu,'child');
       legitem = findobj(inschild,'label','&Legend');
       colitem = findobj(inschild,'label','&Colorbar');
       delete([legitem,colitem]);
      
       % File menu
       
       fmenu = findobj(ppdisp,'label','&File',...
		       'pos',1);  
       delete(findobj(fmenu,'label','&New Figure'));
       delete(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Open...'));
       delete(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Close'));
       set(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Save'),...
	   'pos',1,'separator','off');
       set(findobj(fmenu,'label','Save &As...'),...
	   'pos',2);
       set(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Export...'),...
	   'pos',3);
       delete(findobj(fmenu,'label','Pre&ferences...'));
       set(findobj(fmenu,'label','Pa&ge Setup...'),'pos',4);
       set(findobj(fmenu,'label','Print Set&up...'),'pos',5);
       set(findobj(fmenu,'label','Print Pre&view...'),'pos',6);
       set(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Print...'),'pos',7);
       merestart = uimenu(fmenu,'label',...
			  'Restart pplane7',...
			  'call','pplane7(''restart'')',...
			  'separator','on');
       mequit = uimenu(fmenu,'label','Quit pplane7',...
		       'call','pplane7(''quit'')','separator','off');
       
       % Edit menu
       
       emenu = findobj(ppdisp,'label','&Edit',...
		       'pos',2); 
       menu(2) = uimenu(emenu,'label','Zoom in.',...
			'call','pplane7(''zoomin'')',...
			'pos',1);
       
       zsqmenu = uimenu(emenu,'label','Zoom in square.',...
			'call','pplane7(''zoominsq'')',...
			'pos',2);
       
       zbmenu = uimenu(emenu,'label','Zoom back.','call',...
		       'pplane7(''zoomback'')',...
		       'enable','off','tag','zbmenu',...
		       'pos',3);
       
       medallsol = uimenu(emenu,'label','Erase all solutions.',...
			  'call','pplane7(''dallsol'')',...
			  'separator','on','pos',4);
       
       medallep = uimenu(emenu,'label','Erase all equilibrium points.',...
			 'call','pplane7(''dallep'')',...
			 'separator','off',...
			 'pos',5);
       
       medallics = uimenu(emenu,'label','Erase all marked initial points.',...
			 'call','pplane7(''dallics'')',...
			 'separator','off',...
			 'pos',6);
       
       medalllev = uimenu(emenu,'label','Erase all level curves.',...
			  'call','pplane7(''dalllev'')',...
			  'separator','off',...
			  'pos',7);
       
       medall = uimenu(emenu,'label','Erase all graphics objects.',...
		       'call','pplane7(''dall'')',...
		       'separator','off',...
		       'pos',8);
       
       medel = uimenu(emenu,'label','Delete a graphics object.',...
		      'call','pplane7(''delete'')',...
		      'visible','on',...
		      'pos',9);
       
       menutext = uimenu(emenu,...
			 'label','Enter text on the Display Window.',...
			 'call','pplane7(''text'')',...
			 'separator','on',...
			 'pos',10);
       set(findobj(emenu,'label','&Undo'),'separator','on',...
			 'pos',11);
       set(findobj(emenu,'label','Cu&t'),'pos',12);
       set(findobj(emenu,'label','&Copy'),'pos',13);
       set(findobj(emenu,'label','&Paste'),'pos',14);
       set(findobj(emenu,'label','Clea&r'),'pos',15);
       set(findobj(emenu,'label','&Select All'),'pos',16);
       set(findobj(emenu,'label','Copy &Figure'),'pos',17);
       set(findobj(emenu,'label','Copy &Options'),'pos',18);
       set(findobj(emenu,'label','F&igure Properties'),'pos',19);
       set(findobj(emenu,'label','&Axes Properties'),'pos',20);
       set(findobj(emenu,'label','C&urrent Object Properties'),'pos',21);
       
       % Graph menu
       
       megraph  = uimenu('label','Graph','visible','off','pos',4);
       menu(3) = uimenu(megraph,'label',[txname,' vs. t'],...
			'call','pplane7(''plotxy'',1)');
       
       menu(5) = uimenu(megraph,'label',[tyname,' vs. t'],...
			'call','pplane7(''plotxy'',2)');
       
       meplot3 = uimenu(megraph,'label','Both',...
			'call','pplane7(''plotxy'',3)');
       
       meplot4 = uimenu(megraph,'label','3 D',...
			'call','pplane7(''plotxy'',4)');
       
       meplot5 = uimenu(megraph,'label','Composite',...
			'call','pplane7(''plotxy'',5)');
       
       % Solutions menu
       
       solmenu = uimenu('label','Solutions','pos',3);
       menukey = uimenu(solmenu,'label','Keyboard input.','call',...
			'pplane7(''kbd'')');
       
       mesev   = uimenu(solmenu,'label','Plot several solutions.',...
			'call','pplane7(''several'')');
       
       meeqpt  = uimenu(solmenu,'label','Find an equilibrium point.',...
			'call','pplane7(''eqpt'')','separator','on');
       
       menu(4) = uimenu(solmenu,...
			'label','List computed equilibrium points.',...
			'call','pplane7(''eqptlist'')');
       
       mestunst= uimenu(solmenu,...
			'label','Plot stable and unstable orbits.',...
			'call','pplane7(''stunst'')','interrupt','on');
       
       meperiod = uimenu(solmenu,...
			 'label', 'Find a nearly closed orbit');
       periodstr = ['ud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
		    'me = gcbo;',...
		    'ud.dir = get(me,''user'');',...
		    'set(gcf,''user'',ud);',...
		    'pplane7(''periodic'');'];
       dud.period(1) = uimenu(meperiod,...
			      'label','forward',...
			      'user',1,...
			      'call', periodstr);
       dud.period(2) = uimenu(meperiod,...
			      'label','backward',...
			      'user',-1,...
			      'call', periodstr);
       dud.period(3) = uimenu(meperiod,...
			      'label','in both directions',...
			      'user',0,...
			      'call', periodstr);
       
       nullcall = ['me = gcbo;',...
		   'dud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
		   'handx = [dud.arr.hx; dud.arr.hy];',...	
		   'handr = [dud.arr.hr; dud.arr.hth];',...
		   'arron = get(dud.arr.arrows,''vis'');',...
		   'lab = get(me,''label'');',...
		   'switch lab,',...
		   '  case ''Show nullclines.'',',...
		   '    set(handx,''vis'',''on'');',...
		   '    if strcmp(arron,''on''),',...
		   '      set(dud.arr.barrows,''vis'',''off'');',...
		   '    else,',...
		   '      set(dud.arr.barrows,''vis'',''on'');',...
		   '    end,',...
		   '    set(handr,''vis'',''off'');',...
		   '    set(me,''label'',''Hide nullclines.'');',...
		   '    rnh = findobj(''tag'',''rnull'');'...
		   '    set(rnh,''label'',''Show polar nullclines.'');',...
		   '  case ''Hide nullclines.'','...
		   '    set(handx,''vis'',''off'');',...
		   '    set(dud.arr.barrows,''vis'',''off'');',...
		   '    set(me,''label'',''Show nullclines.'');',...
		   'end'];
       
       rnullcall = ['me = gcbo;',...
		    'dud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
		    'handx = [dud.arr.hx; dud.arr.hy];',...	    
		    'handr = [dud.arr.hr; dud.arr.hth];',...	
		    'lab = get(me,''label'');',...
		    'switch lab,',...
		    '  case ''Show polar nullclines.'',',...
		    '    set(handr,''vis'',''on'');',...
		    '    set(handx,''vis'',''off'');',...
		    '    set(dud.arr.barrows,''vis'',''off'');',...
		    '    set(me,''label'',''Hide polar nullclines.'');',...
		    '    nh = findobj(''tag'',''null'');'...
		    '    set(nh,''label'',''Show nullclines.'');',...
		    '  case ''Hide polar nullclines.'','...
		    '    set(handr,''vis'',''off'');',...
		    '    set(me,''label'',''Show polar nullclines.'');',...
		    'end'];
       
       menunull = uimenu(solmenu,'label','Show nullclines.',...
			 'call',nullcall,'separator','on','tag','null');
       
       menulevel = uimenu(solmenu,'label','Plot level curves.',...
			  'call','pplane7(''level'')',...
			  'separator','off','tag','level');
       
       if dud.egg
	 menurnull = uimenu(solmenu,'label','Show polar nullclines.',...
			    'call',rnullcall,'separator','off','tag','rnull');
	 metest = uimenu(solmenu,'label','Test case',...
			 'call','pplane7(''test case'')',...
			 'separator','on','tag','testcase');
	 
       end      
       
       % Options menu
       
       menu(1) = uimenu('label','Options','visible','off','pos',5);
       meset   = uimenu(menu(1),'label','Settings.',...
			'call','pplane7(''settings'')');
       
       mesolve = uimenu(menu(1),'label','Solver.');
       
       solverstr = ['ud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
		    'me = gcbo;',...
		    'meud = get(me,''user'');',...
		    'ud.settings.refine = meud.refine;',...
		    'ud.settings.tol = meud.tol;',...
		    'ud.settings.solver = meud.solver;',...
		    'ud.settings.stepsize = meud.stepsize;',...
		    'set(ud.solver,''checked'',''off'');',...
		    'set(me,''checked'',''on'');',...
		    'set(gcf,''user'',ud);',...
		    'ppset = findobj(''name'',''pplane7 Setup'');',...
		    'sud = get(ppset,''user'');',...
		    'sud.settings = ud.settings;',...
		    'set(ppset,''user'',sud);',...
		    'pplane7(''settings'');'];
       
       solver = dud.settings.solver;
       dpset.refine = 8;
       dpset.tol = dud.settings.tol;
       dpset.solver = 'Dormand Prince';
       dpset.stepsize = dud.settings.stepsize;
       dpset.hmax = 0;
       if strcmp(solver,'Dormand Prince')
	 dpch = 'on';
       else
	 dpch = 'off';
       end
       rk4set.refine = 1;
       rk4set.tol = dud.settings.tol;
       rk4set.solver = 'Runge-Kutta 4';
       rk4set.stepsize = dud.settings.stepsize;
       rk4set.hmax = 0;
       if strcmp(solver,'Runge-Kutta 4')
	 rk4ch = 'on';
       else
	 rk4ch = 'off';
       end
       ode15sset.refine = 1;
       ode15sset.tol = dud.settings.tol;
       ode15sset.solver = 'ode15s';
       ode15sset.stepsize = dud.settings.stepsize;
       ode15sset.hmax = 0;
       if strcmp(solver,'ode15s')
	 ode15sch = 'on';
       else
	 ode15sch = 'off';
       end
       ode23sset.refine = 1;
       ode23sset.tol = dud.settings.tol;
       ode23sset.solver = 'ode23s';
       ode23sset.stepsize = dud.settings.stepsize;
       ode23sset.hmax = 0;
       if strcmp(solver,'ode23s')
	 ode23sch = 'on';
       else
	 ode23sch = 'off';
       end
       ode113set.refine = 1;
       ode113set.tol = dud.settings.tol;
       ode113set.solver = 'ode113';
       ode113set.stepsize = dud.settings.stepsize;
       ode113set.hmax = 0;
       if strcmp(solver,'ode113')
	 ode113ch = 'on';
       else
	ode113ch = 'off';
       end
       ode23set.refine = 1;
       ode23set.tol = dud.settings.tol;
       ode23set.solver = 'ode23';
       ode23set.stepsize = dud.settings.stepsize;
       ode23set.hmax = 0;
       if strcmp(solver,'ode23')
	 ode23ch = 'on';
       else
	 ode23ch = 'off';
       end
       ode45set.refine = 8;
       ode45set.tol = dud.settings.tol;
       ode45set.solver = 'ode45';
       ode45set.stepsize = dud.settings.stepsize;
       ode45set.hmax = 0;
       if strcmp(solver,'ode45')
	 ode45ch = 'on';
       else
	 ode45ch = 'off';
       end
       ode23tset.refine = 1;
       ode23tset.tol = dud.settings.tol;
       ode23tset.solver = 'ode23t';
       ode23tset.stepsize = dud.settings.stepsize;
       ode23tset.hmax = 0;
       if strcmp(solver,'ode23t')
	 ode23tch = 'on';
       else
	 ode23tch = 'off';
       end
       ode23tbset.refine = 1;
       ode23tbset.tol = dud.settings.tol;
       ode23tbset.solver = 'ode23tb';
       ode23tbset.stepsize = dud.settings.stepsize;
       ode23tbset.hmax = 0;
       if strcmp(solver,'ode23tb')
	 ode23tbch = 'on';
       else
	 ode23tbch = 'off';
       end
       
       dud.solver(1) = uimenu(mesolve,'label','Dormand Prince',...
			      'checked',dpch,...
			      'call',solverstr,'user',dpset);
       
       dud.solver(2) = uimenu(mesolve,'label','Runge-Kutta 4',...
			      'checked',rk4ch,...
			      'call',solverstr,'user',rk4set);
       
       dud.solver(3) = uimenu(mesolve,'label','ode45',...
			      'checked',ode45ch,...
			      'separator','on',...
			      'call',solverstr,'user',ode45set);
       
       dud.solver(4) = uimenu(mesolve,'label','ode23',...
			      'checked',ode23ch,...
			      'call',solverstr,'user',ode23set);
       
       dud.solver(5) = uimenu(mesolve,'label','ode113',...
			      'checked',ode113ch,...
			      'call',solverstr,'user',ode113set);
       
       dud.solver(6) = uimenu(mesolve,'label','ode15s',...
			      'checked',ode15sch,...
			      'call',solverstr,'user',ode15sset);
       
       dud.solver(7) = uimenu(mesolve,'label','ode23s',...
			      'checked',ode23sch,...
			      'call',solverstr,'user',ode23sset);
       
       dud.solver(8) = uimenu(mesolve,'label','ode23t',...
			      'checked',ode23tch,...
			      'call',solverstr,'user',ode23tset);
       
       dud.solver(9) = uimenu(mesolve,'label','ode23tb',...
			      'checked',ode23tbch,...
			      'call',solverstr,'user',ode23tbset);
       
       plotch = [
	   'dud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
	   'aud = get(dud.axes,''user'');',...
	   'if aud.plot,',...
	   '   aud.plot = 0;',...
	   '   set(gcbo,''label'',''Plot while computing'');',...
	   'else,',...
	   '   aud.plot = 1;',...
	   '   set(gcbo,''label'',''Do not plot while computing'');',...
	   'end,',...
	   'set(dud.axes,''user'',aud);'];
       
       medir = uimenu(menu(1),'label','Solution direction.');
       
       directionstr = ['ud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
		       'me = gcbo;',...
		       'ud.dir = get(me,''user'');',...
		       'set(ud.direction,''checked'',''off'');',...
		       'set(me,''checked'',''on'');',...
		       'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];
       
       dud.direction(1) = uimenu(medir,'label','Both',...
				 'checked','on',...
				 'user',0,...
				 'call',directionstr);
       dud.dir = 0;
       
       dud.direction(2) = uimenu(medir,'label','Forward',...
				 'user',1,...
				 'call',directionstr);
       
       dud.direction(3) = uimenu(medir,'label','Back',...
				 'user',-1,...
				 'call',directionstr);
       
       
       markstr = ['ud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
		  'me = gcbo;',...
		  'chkd = get(me,''checked'');',...
		  'if strcmp(chkd,''on''),',...
		  '  set(me,''checked'',''off'');',...
		  '  ud.markflag = 0;',...
		  'else,',...
		  '  set(me,''checked'',''on'');',...
		  '  ud.markflag = 1;',...
		  'end,',...
		  'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];
       
       dud.markflag = 0;
       dud.mark = uimenu(menu(1),'label','Mark initial points.',...
		       'checked','off',...
		       'call',markstr);

       meexportdata = uimenu(menu(1),'label','Export solution data.',...
			      'call','pplane7(''export'')',...
			      'separator','off','tag','dexp');
	
       meplot = uimenu(menu(1),'label','Do not plot while computing',...
		       'call',plotch,'separator','on');
       
       menu(6) = uimenu(menu(1),'label','Make the Display Window inactive.',...
			'call','pplane7(''hotcold'')','separator','on');
       
       dud.menu = menu;
       
       % View menu
       
       set(findobj(gcf,'label','&View'),'pos',6);
       set(findobj(gcf,'label','&Figure Toolbar'),...
	   'call','pplane7(''showbar'')');
       
       set(0,'showhiddenhandles',hhsetup);
       
       set(gcf,'WindowButtonDownFcn','pplane7(''down'')');
       set(ppdisp,'WindowButtonMotionFcn','pplane7(''cdisp'')');
       hh1 = [dud.axes,dud.title.axes,nframe,dud.notice,dbutt([1 2 3])];
       set(hh1,'units','norm');
       hh2 = [nframe,dud.notice,dbutt(2:3),dud.axes,dud.menu(1),meplot,megraph];
       set(hh2,'visible','on');
       
       set(ppdisp,'vis','on');
       dud.printstr = 'print -noui';
     end   % if (~isempty(ppdisp))  & else
     ppdispa = dud.axes;
     axes(ppdispa);
     cla
     xlabel(txname);
     ylabel(tyname);
     % Initialize the window matrix.
     
     set(findobj('tag','zbmenu'),'enable','off');
     tstr1 = [txname,' '' = ', txderstr];
     tstr2 = [tyname,' '' = ', tyderstr];
     tstr = str2mat(tstr1,tstr2);
     dud.tstr = tstr;
     
     
     
     k = find(pflag);
     if ~isempty(k)
       lk = length(k);
       switch lk
	case 1
	 pstr1 = [pstring(k);{' '}];
	case 2
	 pstr1 = pstring(k);
	case 3
	 pstr1 = pstring(k([2,3]));
	 pstr2 = [pstring(k(1));{' '}];
	case 4
	 pstr1 = pstring(k([2,4]));
	 pstr2 = pstring(k([1,3]));
	case 5
	 pstr1 = pstring(k([3,5]));
	 pstr2 = pstring(k([2,4]));
	 pstr3 = [pstring(k(1));{' '}];
	case 6
	 pstr1 = pstring(k([3,6]));
	 pstr2 = pstring(k([2,5]));
	 pstr3 = pstring(k([1,4]));
       end
     end
     set(dud.title.eq,'string',tstr);
     set(dud.title.p1,'string',pstr1);
     ext = get(dud.title.p1,'extent');
     pos = get(dud.title.p1,'pos');
     p1 = min(.9, .93 - ext(3));
     pos(1) = p1;
     set(dud.title.p1,'pos',pos);
     set(dud.title.p2,'string',pstr2);	
     ext = get(dud.title.p2,'extent');
     pos = get(dud.title.p2,'pos');
     p2 = min(.8, p1 - ext(3)-0.02);
     pos(1) = p2;
     set(dud.title.p2,'pos',pos);
     set(dud.title.p3,'string',pstr3);	
     ext = get(dud.title.p3,'extent');
     pos = get(dud.title.p3,'pos');
     pos(1) = min(.7, p2 - ext(3)-0.02);
     set(dud.title.p3,'pos',pos);
     
     % Initialize important information as user data.
     
     dud.function = dfcn;
     dud.solhand = [];	% Handles to solution curves.
     dud.ephand = [];	% Handles to equilibrium points.
     dud.arr = [];	% Handles for the direction and vector fields.
     dud.eqpts = [];	% Equilibrium point data.
     dud.ics = [];      % Marked initial points.
     dud.wmat = [];
     dud.color = sud.color;
     set(ppdisp,'user',dud);
     if strcmp(dud.syst.fieldtype,'nullclines')
       menunull = findobj('tag','null');      
       set(menunull,'label','Hide nullclines.');
     end      
     ud.y = zeros(2,1);
     ud.i = 0;
     ud.line = 0;
     wind = dud.syst.wind(:);
     dwind = [wind(1); wind(3); -wind(2); -wind(4)];
     ud.DY = [wind(2)-wind(1); wind(4)-wind(3)];
     ud.cwind = dwind - dud.settings.magn*[ud.DY;ud.DY];
     ud.R = zeros(2,2);
     ud.rr = zeros(2,2);
     ud.perpeps = 0;
     ud.paraeps = 0;
     ud.sinkeps = 0;
     ud.minNsteps = 0;
     ud.turn = zeros(2,10);
     ud.tk = 0;
     ud.stop = 0;
     ud.gstop = 1;
     ud.plot = 1;
     set(dud.axes,'user',ud);
     tc = findobj('tag','testcase');
     if ~isempty(tc)    
       if strcmp(dud.syst.name,'default system')
	 set(tc,'vis','on');
       else
	 set(tc,'vis','off');
       end
     end    
     ppkbd = findobj('name','pplane7 Keyboard input','vis','on');
     if ~isempty(ppkbd),pplane7('kbd'),end
     pplevel = findobj('name','pplane7 Level sets');
     if ~isempty(pplevel),delete(pplevel),end
     set(dud.title.axes,'handle','off');  
     pplane7('dirfield',ppdisp);		
   end % if sud.flag == 1   &  else
   
elseif strcmp(action,'linear')
   
   % Initialize linearization window.
   
   % Linear takes the information from the EQPT window and initializes
   % the Linear Display window if it already exists.  If the Linear 
   % Display window does not exist, it builds one.
   
   ppeqpt = gcf;
   
   % Get the information from pplane7 Equilibrium ...
   
   sud = get(ppeqpt,'user');
   WINvect = [-1 1 -1 1];
   jac = sud.jac;
   type = sud.type;
   vectors = sud.vectors;
   ppdisp = findobj('name','pplane7 Display');
   pdud = get(ppdisp,'user');
   settings = pdud.settings;
   system = sud.system;
   
   % Find pplane7 Linearization if it exists.	
   % If pplane7 Linearization exists, update it.  If it does not build it.
   
   pplin= findobj('name','pplane7 Linearization');
   if (~isempty(pplin))
      figure(pplin);
      dud = get(pplin,'user');
      dud.syst = system;
      dud.settings = settings;
      dfcn = dud.function;
   else
      pplin = figure('name','pplane7 Linearization',...
         'numb','off',...
         'interrupt','on',...
         'visible','off',...
         'tag','pplane7');
      pplane7('figdefault',pplin);
      dud = get(pplin,'user');
      dud.dir = 0;
      dud.syst = system;
      dud.settings = settings;
      dfcn = '';
      fs = dud.fontsize;
      ssize = dud.ssize;
      r = ssize/10;
      ppaxw = 300;	% Default axes width
      ppaxh = 300;	% Default axes height
      ppaxl = 45;	% Default axes left
      buttw = 40;     % Default button width
      titleh = 45;    % Default title height
      ppaxb = 35;
      ppdh = ppaxb + ppaxh + titleh;
      uni = get(0,'units');
      set(0,'units','pixels');
      ss = get(0,'screensize');
      set(0,'units',uni);
      sw = ss(3);sh = ss(4);
      if r*ppdh > sh -80;
         r = (sh-80)/ppdh;
         fs = fs*r;
         lw = 0.5*r;
         set(gcf,'defaultaxesfontsize',fs,'defaultaxeslinewidth',lw);
         set(gcf,'defaulttextfontsize',fs);
         set(gcf,'defaultlinelinewidth',lw);
         set(gcf,'defaultuicontrolfontsize',fs*0.9);
      end
      
      axpos = r*[ppaxl,ppaxb,ppaxw,ppaxh];
      
      % Set up the plot axes.
      
      dud.axes = axes('units','pix',...
         'position',axpos,...
         'next','add',...
         'box','on',...
         'interrupt','on',...
         'xgrid','on',...
         'ygrid','on',...
         'drawmode','fast',...
         'visible','off',...
         'tag','linear axes');
      
      % Set up the title.
      
      dud.title.axes = axes('box','off','xlim',[0 1],'ylim',[0 1],...
         'units','pix','vis','off','xtick',[-1],'ytick',[-1],...
         'xticklabel','','yticklabel','');
      
      dud.title.eq = text(0.07,0.5,' ','vert','middle');
      dud.title.p1 = text(0.75,0.5,' ','vert','middle');
      dud.title.p2 = text(0.65,0.5,' ','vert','middle');
      tstr = {'x_2';'y^2'};
      set(dud.title.eq,'string',tstr,'units','pix');
      ext = get(dud.title.eq ,'extent');
      titleh = ext(4)+15*r;
      set(dud.title.eq,'units','data');
      taxpos = r*[ppaxl,ppaxb+ppaxh,ppaxw,titleh];
      set(dud.title.axes,'pos',taxpos,'color',get(gcf,'color'));
      
      % Finish the positions.
      
      % 		buttw = r*buttw;
      % 		butth = fs+10*r;
      % 		buttl = ppaxl + ppaxw + 5;
      ppdw = r*(ppaxl + ppaxw + 35);
      ppdh = r*(ppaxb+ppaxh)+titleh;
      
      ppdleft = sw-ppdw-60;
      ppdbot = 60;
      ppdpos = [ppdleft,ppdbot,ppdw,ppdh];
      set(pplin,'resize','on');
      set(pplin,'pos',ppdpos);
      
      Arrflag = system.fieldtype;
      
      axpos = r*[ppaxl,ppaxb,ppaxw,ppaxh];
      
      stopstr = 'aud = get(gca,''user'');aud.stop = 4;set(gca,''user'',aud);';
      
      stoppos = [axpos(1)+axpos(3)-r*10, axpos(2)+axpos(4)+r*10, r*40,fs+10*r];    
      
      dud.butt  = uicontrol('style','push',...
         'pos',stoppos,...
         'string','Stop','call',stopstr,'vis','off','tag','stop');
      
      hhsetup = get(0,'showhiddenhandles');
      set(0,'showhiddenhandles','on');

      % Configure the Toolbar.
      
      set(pplin,'ToolBar','none');

      tmenu = findobj(gcf,'label','&Tools'); 
      delete(tmenu);
      
      % File menu
      
      fmenu = findobj(gcf,'label','&File');  
      delete(findobj(fmenu,'label','&New Figure'));
      delete(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Open...'));
      delete(findobj(fmenu,'label','Pre&ferences...'));
      set(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Close'),'pos',1);
      set(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Save'),'pos',2,...
			'separator','off');
      set(findobj(fmenu,'label','Save &As...'),'pos',3);
      set(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Export...'),...
	  'pos',4);
      delete(findobj(fmenu,'label','Pre&ferences...'));
      set(findobj(fmenu,'label','Pa&ge Setup...'),'pos',5);
      set(findobj(fmenu,'label','Print Set&up...'),'pos',6);
      set(findobj(fmenu,'label','Print Pre&view...'),'pos',7);
      set(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Print...'),'pos',8);
      
      mequit = uimenu(fmenu,'label','Quit pplane7',...
	  'call','pplane7(''quit'')','separator','on','pos',9);
  
      % View menu
      
      set(findobj(gcf,'label','&Figure Toolbar'),...
	  'call','pplane7(''showbar'')');
      
      % Solutions menu
      
      solmenu = uimenu('label','Solutions','pos',3);
      
      menukey = uimenu(solmenu,'label','Keyboard input.','call',...
         'pplane7(''kbd'')','vis','on');
      
      mesev   = uimenu(solmenu,'label','Plot several solutions.',...
         'call','pplane7(''several'')');
      
      
      fundcall = ['dud = get(gcf,''user'');',...      
		  'col = dud.color.sep;',...
		  'vect = dud.vectors;',...
		  'h = zeros(1,2);',...
		  'h(1) = plot(2*[vect(1,1),-vect(1,1)],2*[vect(2,1),-vect(2,1)]);',...
		  'h(2) = plot(2*[vect(1,2),-vect(1,2)],2*[vect(2,2),-vect(2,2)]);',...
		  'set(h,''color'',col);',...	    
		  'dud.solhand = [dud.solhand;h(:)];'...
		  'set(gcf,''user'',dud);'];
      
      dud.menu = uimenu(solmenu,'call',fundcall);
      
      markstr = ['ud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
		 'me = gcbo;',...
		 'chkd = get(me,''checked'');',...
		 'if strcmp(chkd,''on''),',...
		 '  set(me,''checked'',''off'');',...
		 '  ud.markflag = 0;',...
		 'else,',...
		 '  set(me,''checked'',''on'');',...
		 '  ud.markflag = 1;',...
		 'end,',...
		 'set(gcf,''user'',ud);'];
      
      dud.markflag = pdud.markflag;
      chkd = 'off';
      if dud.markflag
	chkd = 'on';
      end
      dud.mark = uimenu(solmenu,'label','Mark initial points.',...
			'checked',chkd,...
			'call',markstr);
      % Edit menu
      
      emenu = findobj(gcf,'label','&Edit');  
      
      medallsol = uimenu(emenu,'label','Erase all solutions.',...
			 'call','pplane7(''dallsol'')',...
			 'pos',1);
      
      medallics = uimenu(emenu,'label','Erase all marked initial points.',...
			 'call','pplane7(''dallics'')',...
			 'separator','off',...
			 'pos',2);
       
      medall = uimenu(emenu,'label','Erase all graphics objects.',...
		       'call','pplane7(''dall'')',...
		       'separator','off',...
		       'pos',3);
      medel = uimenu(emenu,'label','Delete a graphics object.',...
		     'call','pplane7(''delete'')',...
		     'visible','on',...
		     'pos',4);
      
      menutext = uimenu(emenu,'label','Enter text on the Display Window.',...
			'call','pplane7(''text'')',...
			'pos',5);
      set(findobj(emenu,'label','&Undo'),'separator','on',...
			'pos',6);
      set(findobj(emenu,'label','Cu&t'),'pos',7);
      set(findobj(emenu,'label','&Copy'),'pos',8);
      set(findobj(emenu,'label','&Paste'),'pos',9);
      set(findobj(emenu,'label','Clea&r'),'pos',10);
      set(findobj(emenu,'label','&Select All'),'pos',11);
      set(findobj(emenu,'label','Copy &Figure'),'pos',12);
      set(findobj(emenu,'label','Copy &Options'),'pos',13);
      set(findobj(emenu,'label','F&igure Properties'),'pos',14);
      set(findobj(emenu,'label','&Axes Properties'),'pos',15);
      set(findobj(emenu,'label','C&urrent Object Properties'),'pos',16);
      
      % Options menu
      
      optmenu = uimenu('label','Options','visible','off');
      
      mehc = uimenu(optmenu,'label','Make the Display Window inactive.',...
         'call','pplane7(''hotcold'')','separator','on');

      set(0,'showhiddenhandles',hhsetup);
      
      set(pplin,'WindowButtonDownFcn',['pplane7(''down'',',num2str(pplin),')']);
      hh1 = [dud.axes,dud.title.axes];
      set(hh1,'units','norm');
      set(dud.axes,'visible','on');
      set(pplin,'vis','on');
      dud.printstr = 'print';
   end   % if (~isempty(pplin))  & else
   dud.ics = [];
   
   switch type
   case 1
      vstr = 'on';
      lstr = 'Plot stable and unstable orbits.';
   case {2,3}
      vstr = 'on';
      lstr = 'Plot fundamental modes.';
   otherwise
      vstr = 'off';
      lstr='';
   end
   set(dud.menu,'label',lstr,'vis',vstr);
   
   pplina = dud.axes;
   dud.vectors = sud.vectors;
   axes(pplina);
   cla
   xlabel('u');
   ylabel('v');
   
   % The title strings.
   
   tstr = {'u'' = A u + B v';'v'' = C u + D v'};
   dud.tstr = tstr;
   pstr2 = {['A = ',num2str(jac(1,1))];['C = ',num2str(jac(2,1))]};
   pstr1 = {['B = ',num2str(jac(1,2))];['D = ',num2str(jac(2,2))]};
   
   set(dud.title.eq,'string',tstr);
   set(dud.title.p1,'string',pstr1);
   ext = get(dud.title.p1,'extent');
   pos = get(dud.title.p1,'pos');
   p1 = min(.9, .93 - ext(3));
   pos(1) = p1;
   set(dud.title.p1,'pos',pos);
   set(dud.title.p2,'string',pstr2);	
   ext = get(dud.title.p2,'extent');
   pos = get(dud.title.p2,'pos');
   pos(1) = min(.8, p1 - ext(3)-0.02);
   set(dud.title.p2,'pos',pos);
   
   if (~strcmp(dfcn,'') & exist(dfcn)==2) delete([tempdir,dfcn,'.m']);end
   tee = clock;
   tee = ceil(tee(6)*100);
   dfcn=['pptp',num2str(tee)];
   fcnstr = ['function ypr = ',dfcn,'(t,y)\n\n'];
   commstr = '%%%% Created by pplane7\n\n';
   astr = ['A = [',num2str(jac(1,1)),',',num2str(jac(1,2)),';',...
         num2str(jac(2,1)),',',num2str(jac(2,2)),'];\n'];
   dstr = 'ypr = A * y;';
   ppf = fopen([tempdir,dfcn,'.m'],'w');
   fprintf(ppf,fcnstr);
   fprintf(ppf,commstr);
   fprintf(ppf,astr);
   fprintf(ppf,dstr);
   fclose(ppf);
   
   % Initialize important information as user data.
   
   dud.function = dfcn;
   dud.solhand = [];	% Handles to solution curves.
   dud.ephand = [];	% Handles to equilibrium points.
   dud.contours = [];
   dud.arr = [];		% Handles for the direction and vector
   % fields.
   dud.eqpts = [];		% Equilibrium point data.
   dud.notice = 0;
   dud.syst.wind = [-1 1 -1 1]';
   dud.color = sud.color;
   ud.y = zeros(2,1);
   ud.i = 0;
   ud.line = 0;
   wind = [-1 1 -1 1]';
   dwind = [wind(1); wind(3); -wind(2); -wind(4)];
   ud.DY = [wind(2)-wind(1); wind(4)-wind(3)];
   ud.cwind = dwind - dud.settings.magn*[ud.DY;ud.DY];
   ud.R = zeros(2,2);
   ud.rr = zeros(2,2);
   ud.perpeps = 0;
   ud.paraeps = 0;
   ud.sinkeps = 0;
   ud.turn = zeros(2,10);
   ud.tk = 0;
   ud.stop = 0;
   ud.gstop = 1;
   ud.plot = 1;
   dud.ephand = plot(0,0,...
		    'color',dud.color.eqpt,...
		    'markersize',20,...
		    'marker','.');
   set(dud.axes,'user',ud);
   set(pplin,'user',dud);
   ppkbd = findobj('name','pplane7 Keyboard input','vis','on');
   if ~isempty(ppkbd),pplane7('kbd'),end
   pplane7('dirfield',pplin);		
   
elseif strcmp(action,'dirfield')
   
   % 'dirfield' computes and plots the field elements.  This is the entry
   % point both from 'display' and from later commands that require the
   % recomputation of the field elements.
   
   % Find pplane7 Display and get the user data.
   
   disph = input1;   % This could be ppdisp or pplin.
   
   dud = get(disph,'user');
   color = dud.color;
   
   dfcn = dud.function;
   ppdispa = dud.axes;
   WINvect = dud.syst.wind;
   settings = dud.settings;
   notice = dud.notice;
   if notice
      nstr = get(notice,'string');
      nstr(1:4)=nstr(2:5);
      nstr{5,1} = 'Computing the field elements.';
      set(notice,'string',nstr);
      
      % Augment the window matrix
      
      wmat = dud.wmat;
      wrows = size(wmat,1);
      wflag = 0;
      for k = 1:wrows
         if wmat(k,:)==WINvect
            wflag = 1;
         end
      end
      if wflag == 0
         wmat = [wmat;WINvect];
         dud.wmat = wmat;
      end
      if wrows 
	hhsetup = get(0,'showhiddenhandles');
	set(0,'showhiddenhandles','on');
	hhh = findobj('tag','zbmenu');
	set(hhh,'enable','on');
	set(0,'showhiddenhandles',hhsetup); 
      end
   end
   
   
   Xmin = WINvect(1);
   Xmax = WINvect(2);
   Ymin = WINvect(3);
   Ymax = WINvect(4);
   
   N = dud.syst.npts;
   if strcmp(get(disph,'name'),'pplane7 Linearization') 
      N = floor(3*N/4);
   end    
   deltax=(Xmax - Xmin)/(N-1);
   deltay=(Ymax - Ymin)/(N-1);
   
   % Set up the display window.
   
   Dxint=[Xmin-deltax,Xmax+deltax];
   Dyint=[Ymin-deltay,Ymax+deltay];
   
   % Set up the original mesh.
   
   XXXg=Xmin + deltax*[0:N-1];
   YYYg=Ymin + deltay*[0:N-1];
   
   [Xx,Yy]=meshgrid(XXXg,YYYg);
   
   % Calculate the line and vector fields.
   
   Xx=Xx(:);Yy=Yy(:);
   Ww = zeros(size(Xx));
   Ww = feval(dfcn,0,[Xx';Yy']);
   Vv = Ww(1,:) + Ww(2,:)*sqrt(-1);
   Vv = Vv.';
   Arrflag = dud.syst.fieldtype;
   
   
   mgrid = Xx+Yy.*sqrt(-1); % mgrid = mgrid(:);
   zz=Vv.';
   sc = min(deltax,deltay);
   
   arrow=[-1,1].';
   zzz=sign(zz);
   scale = sqrt((real(zzz)/deltax).^2+(imag(zzz)/deltay).^2);
   ww = (zzz == 0);
   scale = scale + ww;
   aa1 = 0.3*arrow*(zzz./scale)+ones(size(arrow))*(mgrid.');
   [r,c] = size(aa1);
   aa1=[aa1;NaN*ones(1,c)];
   aa1=aa1(:);
   
   arrow = [0,1,.7,1,.7].' + [0,0,.25,0,-.25].' * sqrt(-1);
   zz=sign(zz).*((abs(zz)).^(1/3));
   scale = 0.9*sc./max(max(abs(zz)));
   aa2 = scale*arrow*zz +ones(size(arrow))*(mgrid.');
   [r,c] = size(aa2);
   aa2=[aa2;NaN*ones(1,c)];
   aa2=aa2(:);
   axes(ppdispa);
   
   arr = dud.arr;	% Delete the old field data.
   if isstruct(arr)
      hand = [arr.hx;arr.hy;arr.lines;arr.arrows;arr.barrows];  
      delete(hand);
   end
   NN = N;
   N = 50; k = ceil(N/NN);
   deltax=(Xmax - Xmin)/(N-1);
   deltay=(Ymax - Ymin)/(N-1);
   
   % Set up the original mesh.
   
   XXXg=Xmin + deltax*[-k:N+k];
   YYYg=Ymin + deltay*[-k:N+k];
   
   [Xx,Yy]=meshgrid(XXXg,YYYg);
   
   % Calculate the line and vector fields.
   
   Xxx=Xx(:);Yyy=Yy(:);
   Ww = zeros(size(Xxx));
   Ww = feval(dfcn,0,[Xxx';Yyy']);
   DX = Ww(1,:)';
   DY = Ww(2,:)';
   minx = min(DX);
   maxx = max(DX);
   miny = min(DY);
   maxy = max(DY);
   DR = Xxx.*DX + Yyy.*DY;
   DTheta = Xxx.*DY - Yyy.*DX;
   minr = min(DR);
   maxr = max(DR);
   minth = min(DTheta);
   maxth = max(DTheta);
   DX = reshape(DX,N+2*k+1,N+2*k+1);
   DY = reshape(DY,N+2*k+1,N+2*k+1);
   DR = reshape(DR,N+2*k+1,N+2*k+1);
   DTheta = reshape(DTheta,N+2*k+1,N+2*k+1);
   if minx < 0 & 0 < maxx
      [Cx,hx] = contour(Xx,Yy,DX,[0,0],'--');
      set(hx,'visible','off','color',color.xcline,'linestyle','--');
   else
      hx = zeros(0,1);
   end
   if miny < 0 & 0 < maxy
      [Cy,hy] = contour(Xx,Yy,DY,[0,0],'--');
      set(hy,'visible','off','color',color.ycline,'linestyle','--');
   else
      hy = zeros(0,1);
   end
   if minr < 0 & 0 < maxr
      [Cr,hr] = contour(Xx,Yy,DR,[0,0],'--');
      set(hr,'visible','off','color',color.xcline,'linestyle','--');
   else
      hr = zeros(0,1);
   end
   if minth < 0 & 0 < maxth
      [Cth,hth] = contour(Xx,Yy,DTheta,[0,0],'--');
      set(hth,'visible','off','color',color.ycline,'linestyle','--');
   else
      hth = zeros(0,1);
   end
   arrh1 = plot(real(aa1),imag(aa1),'color',color.arrows,'visible','off');
   arrh2 = plot(real(aa2),imag(aa2),'color',color.arrows,'visible','off');
   
   % We plot both the line field and the vector field.  Then we
   % control which is seen by manipulating the visibility.
   Xmin = Xmin - k*deltax;
   Xmax = Xmax + k*deltax; 
   Ymin = Ymin - k*deltay;
   Ymax = Ymax + k*deltay;  
   Zz = (Xx-Xmin).*(Xmax-Xx).*(Yy-Ymin).*(Ymax-Yy).*abs(DX).*abs(DY);
   Zzc = Zz(2:N+k+2,2:N+k+2);
   Xxc = Xx(2:N+k+2,2:N+k+2);
   Yyc = Yy(2:N+k+2,2:N+k+2);
   DXc = DX(2:N+k+2,2:N+k+2);
   DYc = DY(2:N+k+2,2:N+k+2);
   Zzl = Zz(1:N+k+1,2:N+k+2);
   Zzr = Zz(3:N+k+3,2:N+k+2);
   Zzd = Zz(2:N+k+2,1:N+k+1);
   Zzu = Zz(2:N+k+2,3:N+k+3);
   Zzdl = Zz(1:N+k+1,1:N+k+1);
   Zzdr = Zz(3:N+k+3,1:N+k+1);
   Zzul = Zz(1:N+k+1,3:N+k+3);
   Zzur = Zz(3:N+k+3,3:N+k+3);
   kk = find((Zzc>Zzl)&(Zzc>Zzr)&(Zzc>Zzd)&(Zzc>Zzu)...
      &(Zzc>Zzdl)&(Zzc>Zzdr)&(Zzc>Zzul)&(Zzc>Zzur));
   Xxx = Xxc(kk);
   Yyy = Yyc(kk);
   DXx = DXc(kk);
   DYy = DYc(kk);
   ll = length(hx);
   Xxx = Xxx(:);
   Yyy = Yyy(:);
   DXx = DXx(:);
   DYy = DYy(:);
   if ~exist('both')
      Xxx = zeros(0,1);
      Yyy = zeros(0,1);
      DXx = zeros(0,1);
      DYy = zeros(0,1);
   end
   for j = 1:ll
      xd = get(hx(j),'xdata');xd = xd(:);
      yd = get(hx(j),'ydata');yd = yd(:);
      zxd = feval(dfcn,0,[xd';yd']);
      yxd = zxd(2,:);yxd = yxd(:);
      ayxd = abs(yxd).*(xd-Xmin).*(Xmax-xd).*(yd-Ymin).*(Ymax-yd);
      NNN = length(ayxd);
      ayxdc = ayxd(2:NNN-1);
      yxdc = yxd(2:NNN-1);
      ayxdl = ayxd(1:NNN-2);
      ayxdr = ayxd(3:NNN);
      lll = find((ayxdc>ayxdl)&(ayxdc>ayxdr));
      Xx = xd(lll+1);
      Yy = yd(lll+1);
      Xxx = [Xxx;Xx(:)];
      Yyy = [Yyy;Yy(:)];
      yxdcp = yxdc(lll);
      yxdcp = yxdcp(:);
      DXx = [DXx;zeros(size(yxdcp))];
      DYy = [DYy;yxdcp];
   end
   ll = length(hy);
   for j = 1:ll
      xd = get(hy(j),'xdata');xd = xd(:);
      yd = get(hy(j),'ydata');yd = yd(:);
      zxd = feval(dfcn,0,[xd';yd']);
      yxd = zxd(1,:);yxd = yxd(:);
      ayxd = abs(yxd).*(xd-Xmin).*(Xmax-xd).*(yd-Ymin).*(Ymax-yd);
      NNN = length(ayxd);
      ayxdc = ayxd(2:NNN-1);
      yxdc = yxd(2:NNN-1);
      ayxdl = ayxd(1:NNN-2);
      ayxdr = ayxd(3:NNN);
      lll = find((ayxdc>ayxdl)&(ayxdc>ayxdr));
      Xx = xd(lll+1);
      Yy = yd(lll+1);
      Xxx = [Xxx;Xx(:)];
      Yyy = [Yyy;Yy(:)];
      yxdcp = yxdc(lll);
      yxdcp = yxdcp(:);
      DXx = [DXx;yxdcp];
      DYy = [DYy;zeros(size(yxdcp))];
   end
   mgrid = Xxx(:) + Yyy(:)*sqrt(-1);
   Vv = DXx(:) + DYy(:)*sqrt(-1);
   Vv = sign(Vv);       %.*((abs(Vv)).^(1/3));
   sc = (N/20)*min(deltax,deltay);
   aa3 = sc*arrow*(Vv.') +ones(size(arrow))*(mgrid.');
   [r,c] = size(aa3);
   aa3 = [aa3;NaN*ones(1,c)];
   aa3=aa3(:);
   arrh3 = plot(real(aa3),imag(aa3),'color',color.narrows,'visible','off');
   
   switch Arrflag
   case 'nullclines'
      set([hx;hy;arrh3],'vis','on');
   case 'lines'
      set(arrh1,'visible','on');
   case 'arrows'
      set(arrh2,'visible','on');
   end
   dud.arr.lines = arrh1;	   % Save the handles for later use.
   dud.arr.arrows = arrh2;	   % Save the handles for later use.
   dud.arr.hx = hx;
   dud.arr.hy = hy;
   dud.arr.barrows = arrh3;
   dud.arr.hr = hr;
   dud.arr.hth = hth;
   
   menull = findobj('tag','null');
   mernull = findobj('tag','rnull');
   if strcmp(get(menull,'label'),'Delete nullclines.')
      set([hx;hy],'vis','on');
   elseif strcmp(get(mernull,'label'),'Delete polar nullclines.')
      set([hr;hth],'vis','on');
   end
   if notice
      nstr = get(notice,'string');
      nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
      nstr{5,1} = 'Ready.';
      set(notice,'string',nstr);
   end
   set(disph,'user',dud);
   axis([Dxint,Dyint]);  
   
elseif strcmp(action,'hotcold')
   
   % 'hotcold' is the callback for the menu selection that makes the
   % Display Window active or inactive.
   
   ppdisp = gcf;
   dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
   nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   mehc = dud.menu(6);
   if (findstr(get(mehc,'label'),'inactive'))
      set(ppdisp,'WindowButtonDownFcn',' ');
      set(mehc,'label','Make the Display Window active.');
      nstr{5,1} = 'The Display Window is not active.';
      set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   else
      set(ppdisp,'WindowButtonDownFcn','pplane7(''down'')');
      set(mehc,'label','Make the Display Window inactive.');
      nstr{5,1} = 'The Display Window is active.';
      set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   end
   
elseif strcmp(action,'down')
   
  % 'down' is the Window Button Down call.  It starts the computation of
  % solutions from a click of the mouse.
  
  disph = gcf;
  seltype = get(disph,'selectiontype');
  if strcmp(seltype,'alt')
    pplane7('zoom');
    return
  elseif strcmp(seltype,'extend')
    pplane7('zoomsqd');
    return
  end
  dud = get(disph,'user');
  ax = dud.axes;
  ch = findobj('type','uicontrol','enable','on');
  set(ch,'enable','inactive');
  wbdf = get(disph,'WindowbuttonDownFcn');
  set(disph,'WindowbuttonDownFcn','');
  axes(ax);
  initpt = get(ax,'currentpoint');
  initpt = initpt(1,[1,2]);
  if dud.markflag
    h = plot(initpt(1),initpt(2),'.k');
    dud.ics = [dud.ics,h];
    set(disph,'user',dud);
  end
  pplane7('solution',initpt,disph);
  set(disph,'WindowbuttonDownFcn',wbdf);
  %  set([ch;mh],'enable','on');
  set(ch,'enable','on');
  notice = dud.notice;
  if notice
    nstr = get(notice,'string');
    nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
    nstr{5,1} = 'Ready.';
    set(notice,'string',nstr)
  end
  
elseif strcmp(action,'several')
   
   % 'several' allows the user to pick several initial points at once.
   % This is not needed in X-windows, but it is on the Macintosh.
   
   disph = gcf;
   ch = findobj('type','uicontrol','enable','on');
   %  mh = findobj('type','uimenu','enable','on');
   set(ch,'enable','inactive');
   %  set(mh,'enable','off')
   wbdf = get(disph,'WindowbuttonDownFcn');
   set(disph,'WindowbuttonDownFcn','');
   dud = get(disph,'user');
   notice = dud.notice;
   if notice
      nstr = get(notice,'string');
      nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
      nstr{5,1} = 'Pick initial points with the mouse. Enter "Return" when finished.';
      set(notice,'string',nstr)
   end
   [X,Y]=ppginput;
   NN = length(X);
   for k = 1:NN
      initpt = [X(k),Y(k)];
      pplane7('solution',initpt,disph);
   end
   if notice
      nstr = get(notice,'string');
      nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
      nstr{5,1} = 'Ready.';
      set(notice,'string',nstr);
   end
   set(ch,'enable','on');
   %  set([ch;mh],'enable','on');
   set(disph,'WindowbuttonDownFcn',wbdf);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'test case')
   
   tic  
   ppdisp = gcf;
   for k = 1:10
      initpt = k*[-.2 .2];
      pplane7('solution',initpt,ppdisp);
      initpt = k*[-.2 -.2];
      pplane7('solution',initpt,ppdisp);
   end  
   pplane7('solution',[1,-1],ppdisp);
   dud = get(gcf,'user');
   nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5,1} = 'Ready.';
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr)
   toc
   
elseif strcmp(action,'solution')
   
   % 'solution' effects the computation and (erasemode == none) plotting of
   % solutions.  It also stores the data as appropriate.
   
   disph = input2;
   dud = get(disph,'user');
   tcol = dud.color.temp;
   pcol = dud.color.orb;
   notice = dud.notice;
   initpt = input1(:);
   dfcn = dud.function;
   ppdispa = dud.axes;
   settings = dud.settings;
   ptstr = [' (',num2str(initpt(1),2), ', ', num2str(initpt(2),2), ')'];
   refine = settings.refine;
   ssize = settings.stepsize;
   tol = settings.tol;
   ud = get(dud.axes,'user');
   %  rtol = tol;
   atol = tol*ud.DY*1e-4';
   
   
   if length(initpt)  == 2
     AA = -1e6;
     BB = 1e6; 
     switch dud.dir
      case 0
       intplus = [0, BB];
       intminus = [0, AA]; 
      case -1
       intplus = [0, 0];
       intminus = [0, AA]; 
      case 1
       intplus = [0, BB];
       intminus = [0, 0];
     end
     
   else
     intplus = [initpt(3),initpt(5)];
     intminus = [initpt(3),initpt(4)];
     initpt = initpt([1:2]);
     
   end	    
   stopbutt = findobj(disph,'tag','stop');
   
   set(stopbutt,'vis','on','enable','on');
   
   solver = settings.solver;
   switch solver
    case 'Dormand Prince'
     solh = @ppdp45;
     opt = disph;
    case 'Runge-Kutta 4'
     solh = @pprk4;
     opt = disph;
    case 'ode45'
     solh = @ode45;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
    case 'ode23'
     solh = @ode23;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
    case 'ode113'
     solh = @ode113;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
    case 'ode15s'
     solh = @ode15s;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
    case 'ode23s'
     solh = @ode23s;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
    case 'ode23t'
     solh = @ode23t;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
    case 'ode23tb'
     solh = @ode23tb;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
   end
   
   exist(dfcn);
   dfh = str2func(dfcn);
   cflag = 0;
   
   if intplus(2)>intplus(1)
     cflag = cflag + 1;
     if notice
       nstr = get(notice,'string');
       nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
       nstr{5} = ['The forward orbit from',ptstr];
       set(notice,'string',nstr);
     end
     drawnow				
     
     [tp,xp] = feval(solh,dfh,intplus,initpt,opt);
     aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
     hnew1 = aud.line;
   end		
   
   if intminus(2) < intminus(1)
     cflag = cflag + 2;
     if notice	
       nstr = get(notice,'string');
       nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
       nstr{5} = ['The backward orbit from',ptstr];
       set(notice,'string',nstr);
     end
     drawnow
     [tm,xm] = feval(solh,dfh,intminus,initpt,opt);
     aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
     hnew2 = aud.line;
     
     set(stopbutt,'vis','off');
   end	  % if intminus(2) < intminus(1)	
   
   
   
   % Store the trajectory.
   
   switch cflag
   case 1 % positive only
      set(hnew1,'xdata',xp(:,1),'ydata',xp(:,2),'zdata',tp,'color',pcol);
      set(hnew1,'erase','normal');
      dud.solhand = [dud.solhand;hnew1];
   case 2 % negative only
      x = flipud(xm);
      t = flipud(tm);
      set(hnew2,'xdata',x(:,1),'ydata',x(:,2),'zdata',t,'color',pcol);
      set(hnew2,'erase','normal');
      dud.solhand = [dud.solhand;hnew2];
      
   case 3 % both directions
      x = flipud(xm);
      t = flipud(tm);
      x=[x;xp];
      t=[t;tp];
      delete(hnew1);
      set(hnew2,'xdata',x(:,1),'ydata',x(:,2),'zdata',t,'color',pcol);
      set(hnew2,'erase','normal');
      dud.solhand = [dud.solhand;hnew2];
   end	 % switch cflag
   set(disph,'user',dud);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'kcompute')
   
   % 'kcompute' is the call back for the Compute 
   % button on the pplane7 Keyboard figure.
   
   compute = 1;
   kh = get(gcf,'user');
   ppdisp = kh.fig;
   if (isempty(ppdisp))
      pplane7('confused');
   end
   dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
   ppdispa = dud.axes;
   aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
   ppset = findobj('name','pplane7 Setup');
   sud = get(ppset,'user');
   ch = findobj('type','uicontrol','enable','on');
   set(ch,'enable','inactive');
   set(ppdisp,'WindowbuttonDownFcn','');
   xstr = get(kh.xval,'string');
   ystr = get(kh.yval,'string');
   pnameh = sud.h.pname;
   pvalh = sud.h.pval;
   pflag = zeros(1,4);
   perr = [];
   for kk = 1:6;
     pn = char(get(pnameh(kk),'string'));
     pv = char(get(pvalh(kk),'string'));
     if ~isempty(pn)
       if isempty(pv) 
	 perr = pvalh(kk);
       else 
	 xstr = pplane7('paraeval',pn,pv,xstr);
	 ystr = pplane7('paraeval',pn,pv,ystr);
       end
     end
   end
   xvalue = str2num(xstr);
   yvalue = str2num(ystr);
 

   if get(kh.spec,'value')
      tzero = str2num(get(kh.tval,'string'));
      t0 = str2num(get(kh.t0,'string'));
      tf = str2num(get(kh.tf,'string'));
      initpt = [xvalue,yvalue,tzero,t0,tf];
      str1 = 'Values must be entered for all of the entries.';
      if (length(initpt) ~= 5)
         warndlg({str1},'Illegal input');
         compute = 0;
      elseif tf <= t0
         warndlg({'The final time of the computation interval';...
               'must be smaller than the initial time.'},'Illegal input');
         compute = 0;
      elseif (tzero < t0) | (tzero > tf)
	str2 = 'The initial time must be in the computation interval.';
         warndlg(str2,'Illegal input');
         compute = 0;
      end
      aud.gstop = 0;
      set(ppdispa,'user',aud);
   else
      initpt = [xvalue,yvalue];
      if (length(initpt) ~= 2)
	warndlg({str1},'Illegal input');
	compute = 0;
      end
   end	% if get(kh.spec,'value')
   
   if compute
     if dud.markflag
       figure(ppdisp)
       h = plot(initpt(1),initpt(2),'.k');
       dud.ics = [dud.ics,h];
       set(ppdisp,'user',dud);
     end
     pplane7('solution',initpt,ppdisp);
   end
   if dud.notice
     nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
     nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
     nstr{5} = 'Ready.';
     set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   end
   %  set([ch;mh],'enable','on');
   set(ch,'enable','on');
   set(ppdisp,'WindowbuttonDownFcn','pplane7(''down'')');
   aud.gstop = 1;
   set(ppdispa,'user',aud);
   
   
elseif strcmp(action,'kbd')
   
   % 'kbd' is the callback for the Keyboard Input menu selection.  It 
   % sets up the pplane7 Keyboard figure which allows accurate input of 
   % initial values using the keyboard.
   
   ppdisp = gcf;  % The figure to be plotted in.
   dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
   Xname = dud.syst.xvar;
   Yname = dud.syst.yvar;
   xnstr = ['The initial value of ',Xname,' = '];
   ynstr = ['The initial value of ',Yname,' = '];
   tnstr = 'The initial value of t = ';
   ppkbd = findobj('name','pplane7 Keyboard input');
   if  ~isempty(ppkbd)
     delete(ppkbd);
   end
         
   ppkbd = figure('name','pplane7 Keyboard input',...
		  'vis','off',...
		  'numb','off','tag','pplane7');
   
   pplane7('figdefault',ppkbd);
   set(ppkbd,'menubar','none');
   
   kbd.fr1 = uicontrol('style','frame');
   
   kbd.fr2 = uicontrol('style','frame');
   
   kbd.fr3 = uicontrol('style','frame');
   
   dname = get(ppdisp,'name');
   kbd.which = uicontrol('style','text','horiz','center',...
         'string',['Data for ',dname]);
   
   kbd.inst = uicontrol('style','text','horiz','left',...
         'string','Enter the initial conditions:');
      
   kbd.xname = uicontrol('style','text',...
			 'horiz','right','string',xnstr);
   
   kbd.xval = uicontrol('style','edit',...
			'string','','call','');
   
   kbd.yname = uicontrol('style','text',...
			 'horiz','right',...
			 'string',ynstr);
   
   kbd.yval = uicontrol('style','edit',...
			'string','');
   
   kbd.tname = uicontrol('style','text',...
			 'horiz','right',...
			 'string',tnstr);
   
   kbd.tval = uicontrol('style','edit');
   
   kbd.t0 = uicontrol('style','edit');
   
   kbd.tf = uicontrol('style','edit');
   
   kbd.t = uicontrol('style','text','string','<= t<= ');
   
   kbd.spec = uicontrol('style','check','horiz','center',...
			'string','Specify a computation interval.');
   
   kbd.comp = uicontrol('style','push',...		
			'string','Compute','call','pplane7(''kcompute'')');
   
   kbd.close = uicontrol('style','push',...
			 'string','Close','call','set(gcf,''vis'',''off'')');
   kbd.fig = ppdisp;
   left = 5; varl = 70; % buttw = 60;
   frsep = 1;
   nudge = 3; 
   xex = get(kbd.xname,'extent');
   ht = xex(4)+nudge;
   yex = get(kbd.yname,'extent');
   nwdth = max(xex(3),yex(3)) + nudge;
   varl = varl*ht/19;
   fr1bot = 2*left + ht;
   fr1ht = 4*nudge + 3*ht;
   frw = 2*nudge + nwdth + varl;
   fr1wind = [left,fr1bot,frw,fr1ht];
   set(kbd.fr1,'pos',fr1wind);
   tnb = fr1bot + nudge;
   nl = left+nudge;
   vl = nl + nwdth;
   tvwind = [vl,tnb,varl,ht];
   tnwind = [nl,tnb,nwdth,ht];
   set(kbd.tname,'pos',tnwind);
   set(kbd.tval,'pos',tvwind);
   intext = get(kbd.t,'extent');
   tw = intext(3);
   margin = (frw -tw - 2*varl)/2;
   t0l = left+margin;
   intbot = tnb +ht + nudge;
   t0wind = [t0l,intbot,varl,ht];
   set(kbd.t0,'pos',t0wind);
   tl = t0l + varl;
   tfl = tl + tw;
   twind = [tl,intbot,tw,ht];
   tfwind = [tfl,intbot,varl,ht];
   set(kbd.t,'pos',twind);
   set(kbd.tf,'pos',tfwind);
   specb = intbot + ht + nudge;
   specw = frw - 2*nudge;
   specwind = [nl,specb,specw,ht];
   set(kbd.spec,'pos',specwind);
   fr2bot = fr1bot + fr1ht +frsep;
   ynb = fr2bot + nudge;
   xnb = ynb + ht;
   xnwind = [nl,xnb,nwdth,ht];
   ynwind = [nl,ynb,nwdth,ht];
   xvwind = [vl,xnb,varl,ht];
   yvwind = [vl,ynb,varl,ht];
   instb = xnb + ht + nudge;
   instw = nwdth + varl;
   instwind = [nl,instb,instw,ht];
   fr2ht = 4*nudge + 3*ht;
   fr3bot = fr2bot + fr2ht+frsep;
   fr3ht = 2*nudge + ht;
   frw = 2*nudge + nwdth + varl;
   whichbot = fr3bot + nudge;
   whichw = frw - 2*nudge;
   whichwind = [nl,whichbot,whichw,ht];
   fr3wind = [left,fr3bot,frw,fr3ht];
   fr2wind = [left,fr2bot,frw,fr2ht];
   figw = 2*left + frw;
   fight = 3*left + ht + fr1ht + fr2ht + fr3ht;
   figwind = [30,300,figw,fight];
   buttw = (frw-left)/2;
   closel = left;
   compl = 2*left+buttw;
   clwind = [closel,left,buttw,ht];
   compwind = [compl,left,buttw,ht];
   set(ppkbd,'pos',figwind);
   set(kbd.fr2,'pos',fr2wind);
   set(kbd.fr3,'pos',fr3wind);
   set(kbd.which,'pos',whichwind);
   set(kbd.inst,'pos',instwind);
   set(kbd.xname,'pos',xnwind);
   set(kbd.yname,'pos',ynwind);
   set(kbd.xval,'pos',xvwind);
   set(kbd.yval,'pos',yvwind);
   set(kbd.comp,'pos',compwind);
   set(kbd.close,'pos',clwind);
   speccall = [
       'ud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
       'if get(gcbo,''value''),',...
       '  set([ud.t0,ud.t,ud.tf,ud.tname,ud.tval],''enable'',''on'');',...
       'else,',...
       '  set([ud.t0,ud.t,ud.tf,ud.tname,ud.tval],''enable'',''off'');',...
       'end'];
   
   set(kbd.spec,'call',speccall);
   set(ppkbd,'resize','on');
   set(findobj(ppkbd,'type','uicontrol'),'units','normal');
   
   set([kbd.tval,kbd.t0],'string','0');
   set(kbd.spec,'value',0);
   set(ppkbd,'user',kbd,'vis','on');
   set([kbd.t0,kbd.t,kbd.tf,kbd.tname,kbd.tval],'enable','off')
   set(findobj(ppkbd,'type','uicontrol'),'units','normal');
   edith = findobj(ppkbd,'style','edit');
   set(edith,'backgroundcolor','w');
   figure(ppkbd)
   
elseif strcmp(action,'eqpt')
   
  % Find and classify equilibrium points.
  
  ppdisp = findobj('name','pplane7 Display');
  dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
  col = dud.color.eqpt;
  dfcn = dud.function;
  dbutt = dud.butt;
  menu = dud.menu;
  ppdispa =dud.axes;
  Dx = get(ppdispa,'xlim');
  Dy = get(ppdispa,'ylim');
  DY = [Dx(2)-Dx(1);Dy(2)-Dy(1)];
  
  epsilon = 1e-4;
  nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
  nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
  nstr{5} = 'Choose an approximation with the mouse.';
  set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
  
  z0 = ppginput(1);
  
  z = pplane7('newton',z0,dfcn);
  
  flag = z(:,4);
  A = z(:,2:3);
  B = real(A);
  k = find(abs(B)<1e-8);
  B(k) = zeros(size(k));
  C = imag(A);
  k = find(abs(C)<1e-8);
  C(k) = zeros(size(k));
  A = B+C*sqrt(-1);
  z = z(:,1);
  
  if (~flag | norm((z-z0')./DY) > 1/5)
    nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
    nstr{5} = ['There is not an equilibrium point near (',...
	       num2str(z0(1)),', ', num2str(z0(2)), ').  Ready'];
    set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
    return
  end
  zero =find(abs(z) < epsilon);
  z(zero) = zeros(size(zero));
  D=det(A); T=trace(A);
  if (D<-epsilon)
    string1 = ['There is a saddle point at (',...
	       num2str(z(1)),', ', num2str(z(2)), ').'];
    string2 = '';
    type = 1;
  elseif(D>epsilon)
    if (T*T>4*D+epsilon)
      if (T<0)
	string1 = ['There is a nodal sink at (',...
		   num2str(z(1)),', ', num2str(z(2)), ').'];
	string2 = '';
	type = 2;
      else
	string1 = ['There is a nodal source at (',...
		   num2str(z(1)),', ', num2str(z(2)), ').'];
	string2 = '';
	type = 3;
      end
    elseif(T*T<4*D-epsilon)
      if(T<-epsilon)
	string1 = ['There is a spiral sink at (',...
		   num2str(z(1)),', ', num2str(z(2)), ').'];
	string2 = '';
	type = 4;
      elseif(T>epsilon)
	string1 = ['There is a spiral source at (',...
		   num2str(z(1)),', ', num2str(z(2)), ').'];
	string2 = '';
	type = 5;
      else
	string1 = ['There is a spiral equilibrium point at (',...
		   num2str(z(1)),', ', num2str(z(2)), ').'];
	string2 = 'Its specific type has not been determined.';
	type = 6;
      end
    else
      if (T>epsilon)
	string1 = ['There is a source at (',...
		   num2str(z(1)),', ', num2str(z(2)), ').'];
	string2 = 'Its specific type has not been determined.';
	type = 7;
      elseif (T<-epsilon)
	string1 = ['There is a sink at (',...
		   num2str(z(1)),', ', num2str(z(2)), ').'];
	string2 = 'Its specific type has not been determined.';
	type = 8;
      else
	string1 = ['There is an equilibrium point at (',...
		   num2str(z(1)),', ', num2str(z(2)), ').'];
	string2 = 'Its specific type has not been determined.';
	type = 9;
      end
    end
  else
    string1 = ['There is an equilibrium point at (',...
	       num2str(z(1)),', ', num2str(z(2)), ')'];
    string2 = 'Its specific type has not been determined.';
    type = 9;
  end
  
  [V,D] = eig(A);			
  EqPtList = dud.eqpts;
  infostr{1,1} = string1;
  infostr{2,1} = string2;
  infostr{3,1} = ' ';
  infostr{4,1} = 'The Jacobian is:';
  infostr{5,1} = ['      ',num2str(A(1,1)),'   ',num2str(A(1,2))];
  infostr{6,1} = ['      ',num2str(A(2,1)),'   ',num2str(A(2,2))];
  infostr{7,1} = '';
  infostr{8,1} = 'The eigenvalues and eigenvectors are:';
  infostr{9,1} = ['     ',num2str(D(1,1)),'    (',num2str(V(1,1)),', ',num2str(V(2,1)),')'];
  infostr{10,1} = ['     ',num2str(D(2,2)),'    (',num2str(V(1,2)),', ',num2str(V(2,2)),')'];
  
  k=1; l=size(EqPtList,1);
  while ((k <= l))
    if (norm((EqPtList(k,1:2)-z')./DY') <= 1e-3)
      break;
    end
    k = k+1;
  end
  if (k > l)
    EqPtList = [EqPtList;z',type];
    dud.eqpts = EqPtList;
    newh = plot(z(1),z(2),...
		'color',col,...
		'markersize',20,...
		'marker','.','Erasemode','none');
    dud.ephand = [dud.ephand;newh];
    set(newh,'Erasemode','normal');
    drawnow
  end
  ppeqpt = findobj('name','pplane7 Equilibrium point data');
  
   if (isempty(ppeqpt))
     ppeqpt = figure('vis','off','resize','on',...
 		    'name','pplane7 Equilibrium point data',...
 		    'numb','off','tag','pplane7');
     pplane7('figdefault',ppeqpt);
     set(ppeqpt,'menubar','none');

     ud.frame = uicontrol('style','frame');
     ud.eptext = uicontrol('style','text','string',infostr,'hor','left');
     ud.goaway = uicontrol('style','push','string','Go away',...
 			  'call','close');
     ud.display = uicontrol('style','push',...
 			   'string','Display the linearization',...
 			   'call','pplane7(''linear'')');
   else
     figure(ppeqpt);
     ud = get(ppeqpt,'user');
     set(ppeqpt,'vis','off');
     set(findobj(ppeqpt,'type','uicontrol'),'units','pixels');
     set(ud.eptext,'string',infostr);
   end
   ud.jac = A;
   ud.vectors = V;
   ud.type = type;
   ud.system = dud.syst;
   ud.settings = dud.settings;
   ud.color = dud.color;
   set(ppeqpt,'user',ud);
   left = 5; nudge = 3;
   ext = get(ud.eptext,'extent');
   n = size(infostr,1);
   ht = ext(4)/n+2*nudge;
   frbot = 3*left + 2*ht;
   txtbot = frbot + nudge;
   txtl = left + nudge;
   twind = [txtl,txtbot,ext(3)+nudge,ext(4)];
   frw = ext(3) + 3*nudge;
   frh = ext(4) + 2*nudge;
   frwind = [left,frbot,frw,frh];
   figw = frw + 2*left;
   figh = frh + 4*left + 2*ht;
   uni = get(0,'units');
   set(0,'units','pixels');
   ss = get(0,'screensize');
   set(0,'units',uni);
   sh = ss(4);
   figbot = sh - figh - 350;
   figwind = [30,figbot,figw,figh];
   buttw = frw - 4;
   buttl = left + 2;
   closewind = [buttl,left,buttw,ht];
   dispb = 2*left + ht;
   dispwind = [buttl,dispb,buttw,ht];
   set(ppeqpt,'pos',figwind);
   set(ud.frame,'pos',frwind);
   set(ud.eptext,'pos',twind);
   set(ud.goaway,'pos',closewind);
   set(ud.display,'pos',dispwind);
   set(findobj(ppeqpt,'type','uicontrol'),'units','normal');
   set(ppeqpt,'vis','on');
   set(get(ppeqpt,'child'),'vis','on');
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = 'Ready.';
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   set(ppdisp,'user',dud);
    
elseif strcmp(action,'stunst')
   
   ppdisp = findobj('name','pplane7 Display');
   dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
   ecol = dud.color.eqpt;
   scol = dud.color.sep;
   ppdispa = dud.axes;
   aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
   DY = aud.DY;
   settings = dud.settings;
   dfcn = dud.function;
   EqPtList = dud.eqpts;
   Stop = norm(DY)*1e-4;
   
   %  Plot the stable and unstable orbits at a saddle point.
   
   nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = 'Choose a saddle point with the mouse.';
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   z0 = ppginput(1);
   z = zeros(2,1);
   z = pplane7('newton',z0,dfcn);
   
   flag = z(:,4);
   A = z(:,2:3);
   k = find(abs(A)<1e-8);
   A(k) = zeros(size(k));
   z = z(:,1);
   
   if (~flag | norm((z-z0')./DY)> 1/5)
      nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
      nstr{5} = ['There is not an equilibrium point near (',...
            num2str(z0(1),2),', ', num2str(z0(2),2), ').'];
      set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
      return
   end
   zero = find(abs(z) < 1e-4);
   z(zero) = zeros(size(zero));
   D=det(A);
   if (D>=0)
      nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
      nstr{5} = ['The equilibrium point at (',...
            num2str(z(1),2),', ', num2str(z(2),2),...
            ') is not a saddle point.'];
      set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
      return
   end
   if isempty(EqPtList)
      EqPtList = [z',1];
      dud.eqpts = EqPtList;
   else
      k=1; l=size(EqPtList,1);
      while ((k <= l))
         if (norm(EqPtList(k,1:2)-z') <= Stop)
            break;
         end
         k = k+1;
      end
      if (k > l)
         EqPtList = [EqPtList;z',1];
         dud.eqpts = EqPtList;
      end
   end
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = ['Plotting from the saddle point at (',...
         num2str(z(1),2),', ', num2str(z(2),2),').'];
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   [V,L] = eig(A);
   [L,I] = sort(diag(L));
   
   magn = settings.magn;
   refine = settings.refine;
   ssize = settings.stepsize;
   solver = settings.solver;
   tol = settings.tol;
   offset = norm(DY)/1000;	
   lm=abs(L);
   lm=lm/max(lm);
   lm = (max([lm,0.2*ones(size(lm))]'))';
   offs = offset./lm;
   ud = get(dud.axes,'user');
   atol = tol*ud.DY*1e-4';
   options = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
       'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
   stopbutt = findobj('tag','stop');
   set(stopbutt,'vis','on','enable','on');
   VV=V(:,I(1));
   newhand = zeros(4,1);
   w = z + offs(1)*VV;
   nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = 'The first stable trajectory';
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   int = [0,-1e6];

   solver = settings.solver;
   switch solver
    case 'Dormand Prince'
     solh = @ppdp45;
     opt = ppdisp;
    case 'Runge-Kutta 4'
     solh = @pprk4;
     opt = ppdisp;
    case 'ode45'
     solh = @ode45;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
    case 'ode23'
     solh = @ode23;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
    case 'ode113'
     solh = @ode113;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
    case 'ode15s'
     solh = @ode15s;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
    case 'ode23s'
     solh = @ode23s;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
    case 'ode23t'
     solh = @ode23t;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
    case 'ode23tb'
     solh = @ode23tb;
     opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
		      'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
   end
   exist(dfcn);
   dfh = str2func(dfcn);
   cflag = 0;
   [tp,Xp] = feval(solh,dfh,int,w,opt);
   
   
   	  
%   [tp,Xp] = ppdp45(dfcn,[0,-1e6],w,ppdisp);
   set(stopbutt,'enable','off');
   aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
   newhand(1) = aud.line;
   X1=[z';Xp];
   x1 = [X1,[NaN;tp]];
   set(newhand(1),'xdata',x1(:,1),'ydata',x1(:,2),'zdata',x1(:,3));
   
   w = z - offs(1)*VV;
   nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = 'The second stable trajectory';
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   set(stopbutt,'enable','on');
   [tp,Xp] = feval(solh,dfh,int,w,opt);

%   [tp,Xp] = ppdp45(dfcn,[0,-1e6],w,ppdisp);
   set(stopbutt,'enable','off');
   
   aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
   newhand(2) = aud.line;
   
   X2=[z';Xp];
   x2 = [X2,[NaN;tp]];
   set(newhand(2),'xdata',x2(:,1),'ydata',x2(:,2),'zdata',x2(:,3));
   
   VV=V(:,I(2));
   w = z + offs(2)*VV;
   nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = 'The first unstable trajectory';
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   set(stopbutt,'enable','on');
   int = [0,1e6];
   [tp,Xp] = feval(solh,dfh,int,w,opt);
   set(stopbutt,'enable','off');
   
   aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
   newhand(3) = aud.line;
   X3=[z';Xp];
   x3 = [X3,[NaN;tp]];
   set(newhand(3),'xdata',x3(:,1),'ydata',x3(:,2),'zdata',x3(:,3));
   
   w = z - offs(2)*VV;
   nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = 'The second unstable trajectory';
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   set(stopbutt,'enable','on');
   [tp,Xp] = feval(solh,dfh,int,w,opt);
   
   set(stopbutt,'vis','off');
   
   aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
   newhand(4) = aud.line;
   X4=[z';Xp];
   x4 = [X4,[NaN;tp]];
   set(newhand(4),'xdata',x4(:,1),'ydata',x4(:,2),'zdata',x4(:,3));
   
   eqpt = plot(z(1),z(2),...
	       'color',ecol,...
	       'markersize',20,...
	       'marker','.','Erasemode','normal');
   dud.solhand = [dud.solhand;newhand(:)];
   dud.ephand = [dud.ephand;eqpt];
   set(newhand,'color',scol);
   set(newhand,'erase','normal');
   nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = 'Ready.';
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   set(gcf,'user',dud);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'zoomin')
   
   % 'zoomin' is the callback for the Zoomin menu item.  It allows the
   % user to pick a new display rectangle.
   
   set(gcf,'WindowButtonDownFcn','pplane7(''zoom'')',...
      'WindowButtonUpFcn','1;','inter','on');
   set(gca,'inter','on');
   dud = get(gcf,'user');
   nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = ['Pick a new display rectangle by clicking and ',...
         'dragging the mouse, or by clicking on a point.'];
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'zoom')
   
   disph = gcf;
   dud = get(disph,'user');
   axh = dud.axes;
   aud = get(axh,'user');
   DY = aud.DY;
   w = dud.syst.wind;
   q1 = get(disph,'currentpoint');
   p1 = get(axh,'currentpoint');
   p1 = p1(1,1:2);
   rbbox([q1 0 0],q1);
   p2 = get(axh,'currentpoint');
   p2 = p2(1,1:2);
   if all(abs(p1'-p2')>0.01*DY)
      a = [p1;p2];
      a = [min(a);max(a)];
      DY = (a(2,:) - a(1,:))';  
   else
      DY = DY/4;
      a(1) = max(w(1),p1(1)-DY(1));
      a(2) = min(w(2),p1(1)+DY(1));
      a(3) = max(w(3),p1(2)-DY(2));
      a(4) = min(w(4),p1(2)+DY(2));
      DY(1) = a(2) - a(1);
      DY(2) = a(4) - a(3);
   end    
   WINvect = a(:)';
   dud.syst.wind = WINvect;
   aud.DY = DY;
   dwind = [WINvect(1); WINvect(3); -WINvect(2); -WINvect(4)];
   aud.cwind = dwind - dud.settings.magn*[aud.DY;aud.DY];
   set(axh,'user',aud);	
   set(disph,'user',dud);
   set(disph,'WindowButtonDownFcn','pplane7(''down'')',...
      'WindowButtonUpFcn','');
   pplane7('dirfield',disph);
   ppset = findobj('name','pplane7 Setup');
   if isempty(ppset)
      pplane7('confused');
   else
      sud = get(ppset,'user');
      sud.c.wind = WINvect;
      sud.o.wind = WINvect;
      set(sud.h.wind(1),'string',num2str(WINvect(1)));
      set(sud.h.wind(2),'string',num2str(WINvect(2)));
      set(sud.h.wind(3),'string',num2str(WINvect(3)));
      set(sud.h.wind(4),'string',num2str(WINvect(4)));
      set(ppset,'user',sud);
   end
   
elseif strcmp(action,'showbar')

  sbfig = gcbf;
  domymenu('menubar','toggletoolbar',sbfig);
  hhset = get(0,'showhiddenhandles');
  set(0,'showhiddenhandles','on');
  state = get(sbfig,'toolbar');
  if strcmp(state,'figure')
    name = get(sbfig,'name');
    fixtb = ['set(gcbo,''state'',''off'');'];
    set(findobj(sbfig,'tooltipstr','Print'),...
	'clickedcallback','pplane7(''print'');');
    switch name
     case 'pplane7 Display'
      set(findobj(sbfig,'tooltipstr','Zoom Out'),...
	  'clickedcallback',['pplane7(''zoomback'');' fixtb]);
      set(findobj(sbfig,'tooltipstr','Zoom In'),...
	  'clickedcallback',['pplane7(''zoomin'');' fixtb]);
      delete(findobj(sbfig,'tooltipstr','Rotate 3D'));
      
     case 'pplane7 Linearization'
      delete(findobj(sbfig,'tooltipstr','Zoom Out'));
      delete(findobj(sbfig,'tooltipstr','Zoom In'));
      delete(findobj(sbfig,'tooltipstr','Rotate 3D'));
     otherwise
      delete(findobj(sbfig,'tooltipstr','Zoom Out'));
      delete(findobj(sbfig,'tooltipstr','Zoom In'));
      fud = get(sbfig,'user');
      switch fud.type
       case {4, 5}
	set(findobj(sbfig,'tooltipstr','Rotate 3D'),'vis','on');
       otherwise
	set(findobj(sbfig,'tooltipstr','Rotate 3D'),'vis','off');
      end

    end       
    sbmh = findobj(sbfig,'label','Show &Toolbar');
    set(sbmh,'label','Hide &Toolbar','checked','off');
    uni = get(0,'units');
    ss = get(0,'screensize');
    funit = get(sbfig,'units');
    set(sbfig,'units',uni);
    sw = ss(3);sh = ss(4);
    fpos = get(sbfig,'pos');
    if fpos(2)+fpos(4)>sh-40;
      fpos(2) = sh - fpos(4) -70;
      set(sbfig,'pos',fpos);
    end
    set(sbfig,'units',funit);
    
  else
    sbmh = findobj(sbfig,'label','Hide &Toolbar');
    set(sbmh,'label','Show &Toolbar','checked','off');
  end
  set(0,'showhiddenhandles',hhset)
 
elseif strcmp(action,'dall')
  
   % 'dall' is the callback for the Erase all graphics objects.  
   
   disph = gcf;
   dud = get(disph,'user');
   notice = dud.notice;
   kk = find(ishandle(dud.solhand));    
   delete(dud.solhand(kk));
   dud.solhand = [];
   kk = find(ishandle(dud.ephand));    
   delete(dud.ephand(kk));
   dud.ephand = [];
   dud.eqpts = [];
   kk = find(ishandle(dud.contours));    
   delete(dud.contours(kk));
   dud.contours = [];
   kk = find(ishandle(dud.ics));    
   delete(dud.ics(kk));
   dud.ics = [];
   if notice
      set(dud.butt(1),'enable','off');
   end
   set(disph,'user',dud);
  
   
elseif strcmp(action,'dallsol')
   
   % 'dallsol' is the callback for the Erase all solutions option.  
   
   disph = gcf;
   dud = get(disph,'user');
   notice = dud.notice;
   kk = find(ishandle(dud.solhand));    
   delete(dud.solhand(kk));
   dud.solhand = [];
   if notice
      set(dud.butt(1),'enable','off');
   end
   set(disph,'user',dud);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'dallep')
   
   % 'dallep' is the callback for the Erase all equilibrium points option.  
   
   disph = gcf;
   dud = get(disph,'user');
   notice = dud.notice;
   kk = find(ishandle(dud.ephand));  
   delete(dud.ephand(kk));
   dud.ephand = [];
   dud.eqpts = [];
   if notice
      set(dud.butt(1),'enable','off');
   end
   set(disph,'user',dud);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'dalllev')
   
   % 'dalllev' is the callback for the Erase all level curves option.  
   
   disph = gcf;
   dud = get(disph,'user');
   notice = dud.notice;
   kk = find(ishandle(dud.contours));
   delete(dud.contours(kk));
   dud.contours = [];
   if notice
      set(dud.butt(1),'enable','off');
   end
   set(disph,'user',dud);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'dallics')
   
   % 'dallics' is the callback for the Erase all marked initial cond.
   
   disph = gcf;
   dud = get(disph,'user');
   notice = dud.notice;
   kk = find(ishandle(dud.ics));
   delete(dud.ics(kk));
   dud.ics = [];
   if notice
      set(dud.butt(1),'enable','off');
   end
   set(disph,'user',dud);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'newton')
   
   % Newton's method to find equilibrium points.
   
   Iterlimit = 50;
   
   Iter=0;
   
   % The increment for calculating approximate derivatives.
   
   h=.000001;	
   
   dfcn = input2;
   
   zInit = input1;
   
   zNext=zInit(:);
   functionf = zeros(2,1);	
   functionf=feval(dfcn,0,zNext);
   functionf=functionf(:);
   
   % Allow for large/small solutions.
   
   errorlim = norm(functionf,inf)*0.000001;  
   
   while ( (norm(functionf,inf) > errorlim) & (Iter < Iterlimit)	)
      Iter = Iter + 1;
      
      % Now we calculate the jacobian.	
      
      for jjw=1:2			
         sav = zNext(jjw);
         zNext(jjw) = zNext(jjw) + h;
         functionfhj = feval(dfcn,0,zNext);	
         functionfhj = functionfhj(:);
         Jacobian(:,jjw) = (functionfhj-functionf)/h;	
         zNext(jjw) = sav;
      end
      zNext = zNext - Jacobian\(functionf);
      functionf = feval(dfcn,0,zNext);
      functionf=functionf(:);
   end
   
   if Iter > Iterlimit - 1	    
      fLag=[0;0];
   else    		
      fLag=[1;1];	
      for j=1:2			
         sav = zNext(j);
         zNext(j) = zNext(j) + h;
         functionfhj = feval(dfcn,0,zNext);	
         functionfhj = functionfhj(:);
         Jacobian(:,j) = (functionfhj-functionf)/h;	
         zNext(j) = sav;
      end
   end
   output = [zNext,Jacobian,fLag];
   
elseif strcmp(action,'paraeval')
   
   %	Replace a parameter with its value in string form.
   
   para = deblank(input1);
   value = input2;
   value = ['(',value,')'];
   str = input3;
   ll = length(str);
   lp = length(para);
   lv = length(value);
   
   if strcmp(para,str)
      str = value
   elseif (ll >= lp+1)
      k = findstr(para,str);
      
      lk = length(k);
      lopstr = '(+-*/^';
      ropstr = ')+-*/^';
      s = [];
      pos = 1;
      for jj = 1:lk
	if (((k(jj) == 1)|(find(lopstr == str(k(jj)-1))))...
	    &((k(jj)+lp-1 == ll)|(find(ropstr == str(k(jj) + lp)))))
	  s = [s,str(pos:(k(jj)-1)),value];
	  pos = k(jj)+lp;
	end
      end
      str = [s,str(pos:ll)];
   end
   output = str;
   
   
elseif strcmp(action,'settings')
   
   % 'settings' is the call back for the Settings menu option.  It sets
   % up the pplane7 Settings window, which allows the user to interactively
   % change several parameters that govern the behaviour of the program.
   
   dud = get(gcf,'user');
   data.settings = dud.settings;
   solver = dud.settings.solver;
   left = 2; nudge = 3; varl = 60;
   setfig = findobj('name','pplane7 Settings');
   if ~isempty(setfig);
     delete(setfig);
   end
   
   setfig = figure('name','pplane7 Settings',...
		   'numb','off',...
		   'tag','pplane7','vis','off');
   
   pplane7('figdefault',setfig);
   set(setfig,'menubar','none');
   
   setfr = uicontrol('style','frame');	
   speedfr = uicontrol('style','frame');	
    
   cwfr = uicontrol('style','frame');
   ss = uicontrol('style','text','horiz','center',...
      'string',['Settings for ',dud.settings.solver]);
   
   nstepcall =[
      'data = get(gcf,''user'');',...
         'ss = max(round(str2num(get(data.nstep,''string''))),0);',...
         'data.settings.refine = ss;',...
         'set(data.nstep,''string'',num2str(ss));',...
         'set(gcf,''user'',data);'];
   
   nstep = uicontrol('style','text','horiz','left',...
      'string','Number of plot steps per computation step:  ');
   data.nstep = uicontrol('style','edit','call',nstepcall,...
      'string',num2str(data.settings.refine));
   
   if strcmp(solver,'Runge-Kutta 4')
     rtolstr = 'Step size: ';
     rtolentry = num2str(data.settings.stepsize);
     rtolcall =['data = get(gcf,''user'');',...
	   'data.settings.stepsize = str2num(get(data.rtol,''string''));',...
	   'set(data.rtol,''string'',num2str(data.settings.stepsize));',...
	   'set(gcf,''user'',data);'];
   else
     rtolstr = 'Relative error tolerance: ';
     rtolentry = num2str(data.settings.tol);
     rtolcall =['data = get(gcf,''user'');',...
	   'data.settings.tol = str2num(get(data.rtol,''string''));',...
	   'set(data.rtol,''string'',num2str(data.settings.tol));',...
	   'set(gcf,''user'',data);'];
   end
   rtol = uicontrol('style','text','horiz','left',...
       'string',rtolstr); 
   data.rtol = uicontrol('style','edit','call',rtolcall,...
      'string',rtolentry);
   
   kk = 1+2*data.settings.magn;
   magcall = ['data = get(gcf,''user'');',...
         'mag = 	(str2num(get(data.mag,''string''))-1)/2;',...
         'data.settings.magn = max(0,mag);',...
         'set(gcf,''user'',data);'];
   
    speedcall = ['data = get(gcf,''user'');',...
		 'me = data.speed;',...
		 'val = round(get(me,''value''));',...
		 'set(me,''value'',val);',...
		 'set(data.sp.val,''string'',num2str(val));',...
		 'data.settings.speed = val;',...
		 'set(gcf,''user'',data);'];
    data.speed = uicontrol('style','slider',...
			   'string','Steps per second.',...
			   'min',2,...
			   'max',100,...
			   'value',data.settings.speed,...
			   'sliderstep',[1/98,10/98],...
			   'call',speedcall);
    
    data.sp.min = uicontrol('style','text','string',' 2',...
			    'horiz','left');
    data.sp.max = uicontrol('style','text','string','100 ',...
			    'horiz','right');
    data.sp.val = uicontrol('style','text',...
			    'string',num2str(data.settings.speed),...
			    'horiz','center');
    
    pps = uicontrol('style','text',...
		    'string','Solution steps per second.');
    
    
    
    
   cw1 = uicontrol('style','text','horiz','left',...
      'string','The calculation window is');
   data.mag = uicontrol('style','edit','call',magcall,...
      'string',num2str(kk));
   cw2 = uicontrol('style','text','horiz','left',...
      'string',' times as large as the ');
   cw3 = uicontrol('style','text','horiz','left',...
      'string','display window.');
   
   gob = uicontrol('style','push','string','Go Away','call','close');
   
   chb = uicontrol('style','push',...
      'string','Change settings',...
      'call','pplane7(''setchange'')');
   
   frsep = 1;
   ext = get(nstep,'extent');
   ht = ext(4)+nudge;
   stw = ext(3);		% = nstepw = rtolw
   varl = varl*ht/19;
   cwfrb = 2*left + ht;
   cwfrh = 2*nudge + 2*ht;
   speedfrb = cwfrb + cwfrh + frsep;
   speedfrh = 4*nudge + 3*ht;
   setfrb = speedfrb + speedfrh + frsep;
   setfrh = 3*nudge + 3*ht;
   figh = setfrb + setfrh + left;
   bb = left;
   cw3b = cwfrb + nudge;	
   cw2b = cw3b + ht;	% = cw1b = cweb
   rtolb = setfrb + nudge;
   rtolbb = rtolb;
   if strcmp(solver,'Runge-Kutta 4')
     rtolbb = rtolbb +ht/2;
   end
   nstepb = rtolb + ht;
   ssb = nstepb + ht + nudge;
   ssw = stw + varl;
   spb1 = speedfrb+2*nudge;
   spb2 = spb1+ht;
   spb3 = spb2+ht+nudge;
   sptw = varl;
   sl = left + nudge;
   sptl1 = sl;
   sptsep = (ssw-3*sptw-sl)/2;
   sptl2 = sptl1 + sptw + sptsep;
   sptl3 = sptl2 + sptw + sptsep;
   
   cw1ext = get(cw1,'extent');
   cw1w = cw1ext(3);
   cw2ext = get(cw2,'extent');
   cw2w = cw2ext(3);
   cwew = 40*ht/19;
   frw = 2*nudge + ssw;
   figw = frw + 2*left;
   buttw = figw/3;
   sep = figw/9;
   sl = left + nudge;
   gobl = sep;
   chbl = 2*sep + buttw;
   
   sunit = get(0,'units');
   set(0,'units','pix');
   ssize = get(0,'screensize');
   figb = ssize(4) - figh - 50;
   
   set(setfig,'pos',[20,figb,figw,figh]);
   set(setfr,'pos',[left,setfrb,frw,setfrh]);
   set(speedfr,'pos',[left,speedfrb,frw,speedfrh]);
   set(cwfr,'pos',[left,cwfrb,frw,cwfrh]);
   set(ss,'pos',[sl,ssb,ssw,ht]);
   set(nstep,'pos',[sl,nstepb,stw,ht]);
   set(data.nstep,'pos',[sl+stw,nstepb,varl,ht]);
   set(rtol,'pos',[sl,rtolbb,stw,ht]);
   set(data.rtol,'pos',[sl+stw,rtolbb,varl,ht]);
   
   set(data.speed,'pos',[sl,spb1,ssw,ht],...
		  'backgroundcolor',0.6*[1 1 1],...
		  'foregroundcolor','r');
   set(data.sp.min,'pos',[sptl1,spb2,sptw,ht]);
   set(data.sp.max,'pos',[sptl3,spb2,sptw,ht]);
   set(data.sp.val,'pos',[sptl2,spb2,sptw,ht]);
   set(pps,'pos',[sl,spb3,ssw,ht]);
   
   set(cw1,'pos',[sl,cw2b,cw1w,ht]);
   set(cw2,'pos',[sl+cw1w+cwew,cw2b,cw2w,ht]);
   set(cw3,'pos',[sl,cw3b,ssw,ht]);
   set(data.mag,'pos',[sl+cw1w,cw2b,cwew,ht]);
   set(gob,'pos',[gobl,bb,buttw,ht]);
   set(chb,'pos',[chbl,bb,buttw,ht]);
   
   
   set(setfig,'user',data);
   set(setfig,'units','normal');
   set(findobj(setfig,'type','uicontrol'),'units','normal');
   set(setfig,'vis','on','resize','on');
   ch = get(setfig,'child');
   set([nstep,data.nstep],'vis','off')
   if strcmp(solver,'Runge-Kutta 4')
     ch = setdiff(ch,[nstep,data.nstep]);
   end
   edith = findobj(setfig,'style','edit');
   set(edith,'backgroundcolor','w');
   set(ch,'vis','on');
   
   
elseif strcmp(action,'setchange')
   
   % 'setchange' is the callback for the Change button 
   % on the pplane7 Settings window.
   
   data = get(gcf,'user');
   settings = data.settings;
   ppdisp = findobj('name','pplane7 Display');
   dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
   if isempty(ppdisp)
      pplane7('confused');
   else
      dud.settings = settings;
      set(ppdisp,'user',dud);
      WINvect = dud.wmat;
      WINvect = WINvect(size(WINvect,1),:);
      dwind = [WINvect(1); WINvect(3); -WINvect(2); -WINvect(4)];
      aud = get(dud.axes,'user');  
      aud.cwind = dwind - dud.settings.magn*[aud.DY;aud.DY];
      set(dud.axes,'user',aud);
   end
   ppset = findobj('name','pplane7 Setup');
   if isempty(ppset)
      pplane7('confused');
   else
      sud = get(ppset,'user');
      sud.settings = settings;
      set(ppset,'user',sud);
   end	
   close
   
   
elseif strcmp(action,'delete')
   
   % 'delete' is the callback for the Delete a graphics object selection
   % on the menu.
   
   disph = gcf;
   dud = get(disph,'user');
   arr = dud.arr;
   lv = get(arr.lines,'vis');
   av = get(arr.arrows,'vis');
   if ~isempty(arr.hx)
      nv = get(arr.hx(1),'vis');
   elseif ~isempty(arr.hy)
      nv = get(arr.hx(1),'vis');
   else
      nv = zeros(1,0);
   end
   if ~isempty(arr.barrows)
      bv = get(arr.barrows,'vis');
   else
      bv = zeros(1,0);
   end
   handles = [arr.lines;arr.arrows;arr.hx;arr.hy;arr.barrows];
   set(handles,'vis','off');
   oldcall = get(disph,'WindowButtonDownFcn');
   set(disph,'WindowButtonDownFcn','');
   trjh = dud.solhand;
   notice = dud.notice;
   if notice   % Display window
      nstr = get(notice,'string');
      nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
      nstr{5} = 'Select a graphics object with the mouse.';
      set(notice,'string',nstr);  
   end   
   ppginput(1);
   objh = get(disph,'currentobject');
   typ = get(objh,'type');
   axh = dud.axes;
   hh = get(dud.title.axes,'children');
   hh = [hh;get(axh,'title');get(axh,'xlabel');get(axh,'ylabel')];
   if notice   % Display window
     eph = dud.ephand;
     levh = dud.contours;
     eqpt = dud.eqpts;
     ics = dud.ics;
     nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
     if strcmp(typ,'line')
       eqk = find(eph == objh);
       if ~isempty(eqk);  % An equilibrium point.
	 if ~isempty(eqk)
	   if size(eqpt,1) == 1;
	     dud.eqpts = [];
	   else	  
	     dud.eqpts = [eqpt(1:eqk-1,:);eqpt(eqk+1:size(eqpt,1),:)];
	   end	
	 end
       end
       dud.ics = setdiff(dud.ics,objh);
       dud.solhand = setdiff(dud.solhand,objh);     
       dud.ephand = setdiff(dud.ephand,objh);     
       dud.contours = setdiff(dud.contours,objh);     
       delete(objh); 
       nstr{5} = 'Ready.';
       
     elseif strcmp(typ,'text') & ~ismember(objh,hh)
       dud.contours = setdiff(dud.contours,objh)';     
       delete(objh); 
       nstr{5} = 'Ready.';
       
     else
       nstr{5} = 'The object you selected cannot be deleted.';
       
     end
     set(notice,'string',nstr);
   else     % Linearization window
     if strcmp(typ,'line')
       eqk = find(dud.ephand == objh);
       if isempty(eqk);  % Npt an equilibrium point.
	 dud.solhand = setdiff(dud.solhand,objh)';    
	 dud.ics = setdiff(dud.ics,objh);
	 delete(objh); 
       end
     elseif ~ismember(objh,hh)
       delete(objh); 
     end
   end
  
   set(arr.lines,'vis',lv);
   set(arr.arrows,'vis',av);
   set([arr.hx;arr.hy],'vis',nv);
   set(arr.barrows,'vis',bv);
   set(disph,'user',dud);
   set(disph,'WindowButtonDownFcn','pplane7(''down'')');
   
elseif strcmp(action,'text')
   
   ppdisp = gcf;
   oldcall = get(ppdisp,'WindowButtonDownFcn');
   set(ppdisp,'WindowButtonDownFcn','');
   prompt = ['Enter the text here. Then choose ',...
         'the location in the Display Window.'];
   txtstr = inputdlg(prompt,'Text entry');
   if ~isempty(txtstr)
      txtstr = txtstr{1};
      figure(ppdisp);
      gtext(txtstr);
   end
   set(ppdisp,'WindowButtonDownFcn',oldcall);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'plotxy')  % Start a graph 
   
  type = input1;
   
  ppdisp =gcf;
  dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
  
  handles = dud.solhand;
  printstr = dud.printstr;
  exsol=0;
  lll = length(handles);
  
  if (lll)  % Are there any orbits?
    kk=0;
    while (kk < lll) & (exsol == 0)
      kk = kk + 1;
      xd = get(handles(kk),'xdata');
      if (length(xd) > 7)
	exsol = 1;
      end
    end
  end
  if (exsol == 0)
    nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
    nstr(1:3) = nstr(3:5);
    nstr{4} = 'There are no solution curves.';
    nstr{5} = 'Ready.';
    set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
    return
  end
  
  oldcall = get(ppdisp,'WindowButtonDownFcn');
  set(ppdisp,'WindowButtonDownFcn','');
  arr = dud.arr;
  lv = get(arr.lines,'vis');
  av = get(arr.arrows,'vis');
  if ~isempty(arr.hx)
    nv = get(arr.hx(1),'vis');
  elseif ~isempty(arr.hy)
    nv = get(arr.hy(1),'vis');
  else
    nv = zeros(1,0);
  end
  if ~isempty(arr.barrows)
    bv = get(arr.barrows,'vis');
  else
    bv = zeros(1,0);
  end
  handles = [arr.lines;arr.arrows;arr.hx;arr.hy;arr.barrows];
  set(handles,'vis','off');
  
  nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
  nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
  nstr{5} = 'Select a solution curve with the mouse.';
  set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
  ppginput(1);
  objh = get(ppdisp,'currentobject');
  if isempty(objh) 
    solflag = 0;
  elseif ~(strcmp(get(objh,'type'),'line'))
    solflag = 0;
  else
    t=get(objh,'zdata'); 
    if length(t)<10
      solflag = 0;
    else
      solflag = 1;
    end	
  end
  if solflag == 0
    nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
    nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
    nstr{5} = 'This object is not a solution curve.';
    set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
    set(ppdisp,'WindowButtonDownFcn',oldcall);
    set(arr.lines,'vis',lv);
    set(arr.arrows,'vis',av);
    set([arr.hx;arr.hy],'vis',nv);
    return
  end
  set(arr.lines,'vis',lv);
  set(arr.arrows,'vis',av);
  set([arr.hx;arr.hy],'vis',nv);
  set(arr.barrows,'vis',bv);
  t=get(objh,'zdata');
  x=get(objh,'xdata');
  y=get(objh,'ydata');
  hh = pplane7('plotxyfig',type,gcf);
  set(ppdisp,'WindowButtonDownFcn',oldcall);
  aud = get(hh(2),'user');
  ud = get(hh(1),'user');
  ud.data = [t;x;y];
  set(hh(1),'user',ud);
  pplane7('plxy',aud.rad,hh(1));
   
elseif strcmp(action,'plotxyfig')  % Build the graph figure.
  
  type = input1;
  cfig = input2;  % This is ppdisp or a ppxy
  ppdisp = findobj('name','pplane7 Display');
  dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
  ppdispa = dud.axes;
  xstring = get(get(ppdispa,'XLabel'),'string');
  ystring = get(get(ppdispa,'YLabel'),'string');
  dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
  
  ppxy = figure('number','off',...
		'tag','pplane7','visible','off');
  name = ['pplane7 t-plot # ',int2str(ppxy)];
  ud.color = dud.color;
  ud.type = 0;
  set(ppxy,'name',name,'user',ud);
  pplane7('figdefault',ppxy);
  
  % Menus and Toolbar
  
  hhsetup = get(0,'showhiddenhandles');
  set(0,'showhiddenhandles','on');
  
  % Configure the Toolbar.
  
  set(ppxy,'ToolBar','none');
  
  % Menus
  
  emenu = findobj(gcf,'label','&Edit');  
  tmenu = findobj(gcf,'label','&Tools'); 
  delete(tmenu)
  
  % File menu
  
  fmenu = findobj(gcf,'label','&File');  
  delete(findobj(fmenu,'label','&New Figure'));
  delete(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Open...'));
  set(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Close'),'pos',1);
  set(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Save'),...
      'pos',2,'separator','off');
  set(findobj(fmenu,'label','Save &As...'),...
      'pos',3);
  set(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Export...'),...
      'pos',4);
  delete(findobj(fmenu,'label','Pre&ferences...'));
  set(findobj(fmenu,'label','Pa&ge Setup...'),'pos',4);
  set(findobj(fmenu,'label','Print Set&up...'),'pos',5);
  set(findobj(fmenu,'label','Print Pre&view...'),'pos',6);
  set(findobj(fmenu,'label','&Print...'),'pos',7);
  qmenu = uimenu(fmenu,'label','Quit pplane7',...
		 'call','pplane7(''quit'')',...
		 'separator','on');
  
  % Insert menu
  
  imenu = findobj(gcf,'label','&Insert');
  inschild = get(imenu,'child');
  legitem = findobj(inschild,'label','&Legend');
  colitem = findobj(inschild,'label','&Colorbar');
  delete([legitem,colitem]);
  
  % View menu
  
  set(findobj(gcf,'label','&Figure Toolbar'),...
      'call','pplane7(''showbar'')');
  
  set(0,'showhiddenhandles',hhsetup);
  
  fs = get(ppxy,'defaultaxesfontsize');
  r = fs/10;
  axw = 437*.8;	% Default axes width
  axh = 315*.8;	% Default axes height
  axl = 45;	% Default axes left
  buttw = 40;     % Default button width
  titleh = 45;    % Default title height
  legw = 90;     % Default legend width
  axb = 35;       % Default axes bottom
  sep = 10;
  fh = axb + axh + titleh;  % Default figure height.
  fw = axl + axw + sep + legw + sep; % Default figure width.
  uni = get(0,'units');
  set(0,'units','pixels');
  ss = get(0,'screensize');
  set(0,'units',uni);
  sw = ss(3);sh = ss(4);
  if r*fh > sh -80;
    r = (sh-80)/fh;
  end
  if r*fw > sw - 50
    r = (sw - 50)/fw;
  end	
  fs = 10*r;
  lw = 0.5*r;
  set(ppxy,'defaultaxesfontsize',fs,'defaultaxeslinewidth',lw);
  set(ppxy,'defaulttextfontsize',fs);
  set(ppxy,'defaultlinelinewidth',lw);
  set(ppxy,'defaultuicontrolfontsize',fs*0.9);
  axw = r*axw;
  axh = r*axh;
  axl = r*axl;
  legw = r*legw;
  axb = r*axb;
  sep = r*sep;
  
  % The legend.
  
  
  leg = axes('units','pix',...
	     'box','on',...
	     'drawmode','fast',...
	     'nextplot','add',...
	     'xtick',[-1],'ytick',[-1],...
	     'xticklabel','','yticklabel','',...
	     'xlim',[0,1],'ylim',[0,1],...
	     'clipping','on','visible','off');
  
  set(leg,'user',str2mat(xstring,ystring));
  axes(leg);
  xh = text(0,0,xstring,'units','norm','visible','off',...
	    'parent',leg);
  yh = text(0,0,ystring,'units','norm','visible','off',...
	    'parent',leg);
  set(xh,'units','pix')
  set(yh,'units','pix')
  xext = get(xh,'extent');
  yext = get(yh,'extent');
  set(xh,'units','norm')
  set(yh,'units','norm')
  th = max(xext(4),yext(4))+3*r;
  axhn = max(axh, 11*th + 4 + 6*r);  % Nudge the axes height if needed.
  axw = axw*axhn/axh;
  axh = axhn;
  frsep = (axh - 11*th - 4 - 6*r)/4;
  
  legh = 2*(th+3*r);
  legb = axb + axh - legh;  %frsep*4 + th*9 +4;
  legl = axl + axw + sep;
  
  
  % If the legend text is too big, make the legend and the figure larger.
  
  legpos = [legl+1, legb, legw, legh];
  set(leg,'pos',legpos);
  xext = get(xh,'extent');
  yext = get(yh,'extent');
  tw = max(xext(3),yext(3))+0.1;
  
  rrrr = 0.5;
  if (tw > rrrr)
    rrr = tw/rrrr;
    legw = legw*rrr;
    tw = rrrr;
  end
  legpos = [legl+1, legb, legw, legh];
  set(leg,'pos',legpos);
  fw = axl + axw + sep + legw + sep; % Figure width.
  
  tx = min(1-tw,2/3);
  set(xh,'pos',[tx,2/3]);
  set(yh,'pos',[tx,1/3]);
  
  line('xdata',[0.1,tx-0.1],'ydata',[2/3,2/3],'linestyle','-',...
       'color',ud.color.tx,'vis','off');
  line('xdata',[0.1,tx-0.1],'ydata',[1/3,1/3],'linestyle','--',...
       'color',ud.color.ty,'vis','off');	
  
  % Set up the title.
  
  tax = axes('box','off',...
	     'xlim',[0 1],'ylim',[0 1],...
	     'units','pix','vis','off',...
	     'xtick',[-1],'ytick',[-1],...
	     'xticklabel','','yticklabel','');
  titb = axb + axh;
  titl = axl;
  titw = axw;
  titeq = text(0.01,0.5,dud.tstr,'vert','middle');
  set(titeq,'units','pix');
  ext = get(titeq ,'extent');
  set(titeq,'units','data');
  titleh = ext(4)+6*r;
  p1 = get(dud.title.p1,'string');
  p2 = get(dud.title.p2,'string');
  p3 = get(dud.title.p3,'string');
  pp1 = text(0.85,0.5,p1,'vert','middle');
  ext = get(pp1,'extent');
  pp1l = 1 - ext(3);
  set(pp1,'pos',[pp1l,0.5]);
  pp2 = text(0.7,0.5,p2,'vert','middle');
  ext = get(pp2,'extent');
  pp2l = pp1l - ext(3)-0.05;
  set(pp2,'pos',[pp2l,0.5]);
  pp3 = text(0.7,0.5,p3,'vert','middle');
  ext = get(pp3,'extent');
  pp3l = pp2l - ext(3)-0.05;
  set(pp3,'pos',[pp3l,0.5]);
   
  fh = axb + axh + titleh;  % Figure height.
  
  pos = get(cfig,'pos');
  fl = max(0,pos(1)-30);
  fb = max(20,pos(2)-30);
  fpos = [fl,fb,fw,fh];
  set(ppxy,'pos',fpos);
  
  set(tax,'pos',[titl,titb,titw,titleh]);
  
  set(tax,'color',get(ppxy,'color'));
  
  
  % The t-plot axes. 
  
  axpos = [axl,axb,axw,axh];
  
  axy = axes('units','pix','pos',axpos,'box',...
	     'on','xgrid','on','ygrid','on','next','add',...
	     'drawmode','fast');
  
  output = [ppxy,axy];
  
  
  
  % The position of the close button
  
  bbot = axb;
  bwid = legw;
  bleft = legl;
  bpos = [bleft,bbot,bwid,th];
  
  % The position of the print button.
  
  pbbot = bbot + th + frsep;
  pbpos = [bleft, pbbot, legw, th];
  
  % The position of the crop button.
  cbbot = pbbot + th + frsep;
  cbpos = [bleft, cbbot, legw, th];
  
  % The positions of the radio frame and its elements.
  
  frbot = cbbot + th + frsep;
  frleft = legl;
  frht = 6*th+4;
  frpos = [frleft,frbot,legw,frht];
  
  frtitleft = frleft+2;
  frtitwid = legw-4;
  frtitpos = [frtitleft, frbot+5*th, frtitwid, th];
  
  radleft = frleft + 2;
  radwid = legw - 4;
  radbot5 = frbot + 2;
  radbot4 = radbot5 + th;
  radbot3 = radbot4 + th;
  radbot2 = radbot3 + th;
  radbot1 = radbot2 + th;
  pcall = [
      'ppdisp = findobj(''name'',''pplane7 Display'');',...
      'dud = get(ppdisp,''user'');',...
      'eval(dud.printstr)'
	  ];
  
  but = uicontrol('style','push',...
		  'pos',bpos,...
		  'string','Go away',...
		  'call','close');
  
  pbut = uicontrol('style','push',...
		   'pos',pbpos,...
		   'string','Print',...
		   'call',pcall);
  
  cbut = uicontrol('style','push',...
		   'pos',cbpos,...
		   'string','Crop',...
		   'call','pplane7(''crop'')');
  
  pframe = uicontrol('style','frame','pos',frpos);
  
  pfrtitle = uicontrol('style','text','pos',frtitpos,...
		       'string','Graph','horizon','center');
  
  rval1 = ~(type -1);
  rval2 = (~(type -2))*2;
  rval3 = (~(type -3))*3;
  rval4 = (~(type -4))*4;
  rval5 = (~(type -5))*5;
  
  rad(1) = uicontrol('style','radio',...
		     'pos',[radleft radbot1 radwid th],...
		     'string',xstring,'value',rval1);
  
  rad(2) = uicontrol('style','radio',...
		     'pos',[radleft radbot2 radwid th],...
		     'string',ystring,'value',rval2,'max',2);
  
  rad(3) = uicontrol('style','radio',...
		     'pos',[radleft radbot3 radwid th],...
		     'string','Both','value',rval3,'max',3);
  
  rad(4) = uicontrol('style','radio',...
		     'pos',[radleft radbot4 radwid th],...
		     'string','3 D','value',rval4,'max',4);
  
  rad(5) = uicontrol('style','radio',...
		     'pos',[radleft radbot5 radwid th],...
		     'string','Composite','value',rval5,'max',5);
  
  for i=1:5
    set(rad(i),'user',[rad(:,[1:(i-1),(i+1):5]),leg,axy]);
  end
  
  callrad = [
      'me = gcbo;',...
      'vv = get(me,''value'');'...
      'mm = get(me,''max'');'...
      'if vv ,'...
      '	hand = get(me,''user'');',...
      '	set(hand(1:4),''value'',0);',...
      '	pplane7(''plxy'',me,gcf);'...
      'end, '...
      'set(me,''value'',mm);'...
      'axy = gca;',...
      'aud = get(axy,''user'');',...
      'aud.rad = me;',...
      'set(axy,''user'',aud);'];
  
  
  set(rad,'call',callrad);
  
  set(findobj(ppxy,'type','axes'),'units','normal');
  set(findobj(ppxy,'type','uicontrol'),'units','normal');
  set(ppxy,'resize','on');
  
  set(ppxy,'visible','on');
  
  nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
  nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
  nstr{5} = 'Ready.';
  set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
  aud.h = [];
  aud.int = [0 0];
  aud.crop = cbut;
  aud.rad = rad(type);
  aud.leg = leg;
  set(axy,'user',aud);
  set(cbut,'user',axy);
  
elseif strcmp(action,'plxy')
   
   radbut = input1;
   fig = input2;
   fud = get(fig,'user');
   figure(fig)
   tbh = findobj(allchild(fig),'flat','type','uitoolbar');
   r3dh = findobj(tbh,'tooltipstr','Rotate 3D');
   ud = get(radbut,'user');
   axy = ud(6);
   axis('auto');
   delete(get(axy,'children'));
   leg = ud(5);
   legch = get(leg,'children');
   type = get(radbut,'max');
   fud.type = type;
   set(fig,'user',fud);
   if type == 3
      set(leg,'visible','on');
      set(legch,'visible','on');
   else
      set(leg,'visible','off');
      set(legch,'visible','off');
   end
   
   aud = get(axy,'user');
   aud.h = [];
   set(axy,'user',aud);  
   strings = get(leg,'user');
   xstring = deblank(strings(1,:));
   ystring = deblank(strings(2,:));
   ud = get(fig,'user');
   data = ud.data;
   color = ud.color;
   
   t = data(1,:);
   x = data(2,:);
   y = data(3,:);
   tmin = min(t);
   tmax = max(t);
   xmin = min(x);
   xmax = max(x);
   ymin = min(y);
   ymax = max(y);
   et = max((tmax-tmin)/20,1e-4);
   ex = max((xmax-xmin)/20,1e-4);
   ey = max((ymax-ymin)/20,1e-4);
   tmin1 = tmin - et;
   tmax1 = tmax + et;
   xmin = xmin - ex;
   xmax = xmax + ex;
   ymin = ymin - ey;
   ymax = ymax + ey;
   
   axes(axy);
   switch type
    case 1 
      plot(t,x,'color',color.tx,'linestyle','-');
      view(2);
      axis([tmin,tmax,xmin,xmax])
      xlabel('t')
      ylabel(xstring)
      set(r3dh,'vis','off')
      set(fig,'WindowButtonDownFcn','pplane7(''plxybdf'')');
    case 2
      plot(t,y,'color',color.ty,'linestyle','-');
      view(2);
      axis([tmin,tmax,ymin,ymax])
      xlabel('t')
      ylabel(ystring)
      set(r3dh,'vis','off')
      rotate3d off
      set(fig,'WindowButtonDownFcn','pplane7(''plxybdf'')');
    case 3
      plot(t,x,'color',color.tx,'linestyle','-');
      plot(t,y,'color',color.ty,'linestyle','--');
      axis([tmin,tmax,min(xmin,ymin),max(xmax,ymax)])
      view(2);
      xlabel('t')
      ylabel([xstring,' and ',ystring])
      set(r3dh,'vis','off')
      rotate3d off
      set(fig,'WindowButtonDownFcn','pplane7(''plxybdf'')');
    case 4
      plot3(x,y,t,'color',color.tx,'linestyle','-');
      view([-30,20]);
      axis([xmin,xmax,ymin,ymax,tmin1,tmax1]);
      zlabel('t')
      xlabel(xstring);
      ylabel(ystring);
      set(r3dh,'vis','on')
      rotate3d off
      set(fig,'WindowButtonDownFcn','');
    otherwise
      ax = [xmin,xmax,ymin,ymax,tmin1,tmax1];
      view([-30,20]);
      axis(ax);
      plot3(x,y,ax(5)*ones(size(x)),'color',color.ty,'linestyle','-');
      plot3(x,ax(4)*ones(size(y)),t,'color',color.ty,'linestyle','-');
      plot3(ax(2)*ones(size(x)),y,t,'color',color.ty,'linestyle','-');
      plot3(x,y,t,'color',color.tx,'linestyle','-');
      
      zlabel('t')
      xlabel(xstring);
      ylabel(ystring);
      set(r3dh,'vis','on')
      rotate3d off
      set(fig,'WindowButtonDownFcn','');
   end
   if (type < 4)
      set(aud.crop,'vis','on','enable','off');	  
   else
      set(aud.crop,'vis','off');
   end  
   if type < 4
      set(fig,'windowbuttondownfcn','pplane7(''plxybdf'')');
   elseif type == 5 
      set(fig,'windowbuttondownfcn',' ');
   end  
   
elseif strcmp(action,'crop')
   
   cb = gcbo;
   axy = get(cb,'user');
   aud = get(axy,'user');
   delete(aud.h);
   set(aud.crop,'enable','off');
   aud.h = [];
   set(axy,'user',aud);
   ppxy = gcf;
   ud = get(ppxy,'user');
   data = ud.data;
   color = ud.color;
   t = data(1,:);
   x = data(2,:);
   y = data(3,:);
   int = aud.int;
   k = find((t>=int(1)) & (t<=int(2)));
   t = t(k);
   x = x(k);
   y = y(k);
   type = get(aud.rad,'max');
   hh = pplane7('plotxyfig',type,ppxy);
   ud = get(hh(1),'user');
   ud.data = [t;x;y];
   set(hh(1),'user',ud);
   aud = get(hh(2),'user');
   pplane7('plxy',aud.rad,hh(1))  
 
elseif strcmp(action,'plxybdf')
   
   dispa = gca;
   dispf = gcf;
   set(dispf,'windowbuttonmotionfcn','pplane7(''plxybmf'')',...
      'windowbuttonupfcn','pplane7(''plxybuf'')',...
      'inter','on');
   aud = get(dispa,'user');
   delete(aud.h);
   aud.h = [];
   set(aud.crop,'enable','off');
   point = get(dispa,'currentpoint');
   aud.start = point(1,1);
   aud.finish = point(1,1);
   %  aud.centh = plot(point(1,1),point(1,2),'or','erase','xor');
   aud.h = plot(point(1,1),point(1,2),'--g',...
      'erase','xor','vis','off');
   set(dispa,'user',aud);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'plxybmf')
   
   dispa = gca;
   aud = get(dispa,'user');
   point = get(dispa,'currentpoint');
   finish = point(1,1);
   start = aud.start;
   xlim = get(dispa,'xlim');
   ylim = get(dispa,'ylim');
   
   if abs(finish - start)>0.05*(xlim(2)-xlim(1));
      set(aud.h,'xdata',[start,start,NaN,finish,finish],...
         'ydata',[ylim,NaN,ylim],...
         'vis','on');
   end
   aud.finish = finish;
   set(gca,'user',aud);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'plxybuf')
   
   dispa = gca;
   dispf = gcf;
   xlim = get(dispa,'xlim');
   ylim = get(dispa,'ylim');
   aud = get(dispa,'user');
   set(gcf,'windowbuttonmotionfcn','',...
      'windowbuttonupfcn','',...
      'inter','on');
   start = aud.start;
   finish = aud.finish;
   if abs(finish - start)>0.05*(xlim(2)-xlim(1));
      set(aud.h,'erase','normal','vis','on');
      set(aud.crop,'enable','on');
      aud.int = [min(start,finish),max(start,finish)];
   else
      set(aud.h,'vis','off');
   end
   set(gca,'user',aud);
   
   
elseif strcmp(action,'print')
   
   dud = get(gcf,'user');
   nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = 'Preparing to print the pplane7 Display Window.  Please be patient.';
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = 'Printing the pplane7 Display Window.';
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   set(gcf,'pointer','watch');
   eval(dud.printstr);
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = 'Ready.';
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   set(gcf,'pointer','arrow');
   
elseif strcmp(action, 'eqptlist')
   
   % The labels for equilibrium points.
   
   disp(' ');
   EqPtType = ['Saddle point.            ';
      'Nodal sink.              ';
      'Nodal source.            ';
      'Spiral sink.             ';
      'Spiral source.           ';
      'Spiral equilibrium point.';
      'Source.                  ';
      'Sink.                    ';
      'Unspecified.             ';];
   dud = get(gcf,'user');
   EqPtList = dud.eqpts;
   if isempty(EqPtList)
      disp('No equilibrium points have been computed.'),disp(' ')
   else
      disp('The following equilibrium points have been calculated:')
      disp(' ')
      L = size(EqPtList,1);
      eqpttext = cell(L,1);
      for k = 1:L
         disp([sprintf('(%6.4f, %6.4f)\t',EqPtList(k,1),EqPtList(k,2)),...
               EqPtType(EqPtList(k,3),:)])
      end
      disp(' ')
   end
   
elseif strcmp (action,'zoomback')
   
   disph = gcf;
   dud = get(disph,'user');
   axh = dud.axes;
   Xname = dud.syst.xvar;
   Yname = dud.syst.yvar;
   wmat = dud.wmat;
   WINvect = dud.syst.wind;
   
   NN = size(wmat,1);
   
   wch = 0;j=0;
   while wch == 0
      j = j+1;
      if WINvect == wmat(j,:)
         wch = j;
      end
   end
   winstr = cell(1,NN);
   for j = 1:NN
      a = num2str(wmat(j,1));
      b = num2str(wmat(j,2));
      c = num2str(wmat(j,3));
      d = num2str(wmat(j,4));
      winstr{j} = [' ',a,' < ',Xname,' < ',b,'   &   ',c,' < ', Yname,' < ',d];
   end
   
   [sel,ok] = listdlg('liststring',winstr,...
      'selectionmode','single',...
      'listsize',[400,200],...
      'initialvalue',wch,...
      'name','pplane7 Zoomback',...
      'promptstring','Select a rectangle:',...
      'OKString','Zoom');
   
   if (~isempty(sel))
      WINvect = wmat(sel,:);
      dud.syst.wind = WINvect;
      set(gcf,'user',dud);
      ppset = findobj('name','pplane7 Setup');
      sud = get(ppset,'user');
      set(disph,'user',dud);
      set(sud.h.wind(1),'string',num2str(WINvect(1)));
      set(sud.h.wind(2),'string',num2str(WINvect(2)));
      set(sud.h.wind(3),'string',num2str(WINvect(3)));
      set(sud.h.wind(4),'string',num2str(WINvect(4)));
      sud.c.wind = WINvect;
      sud.o.wind = WINvect;
      set(ppset,'user',sud);
      aud = get(axh,'user');
      aud.DY = [WINvect(2) - WINvect(1);WINvect(4) - WINvect(3)];
      dwind = [WINvect(1); WINvect(3); -WINvect(2); -WINvect(4)];
      aud.cwind = dwind - dud.settings.magn*[aud.DY;aud.DY];
      set(axh,'user',aud);
      pplane7('dirfield',disph);
   end
   
elseif strcmp(action,'figdefault')
   
  fig = input1;
  set(fig,'CloseRequestFcn','pplane7(''closefcn'')');
  ppset = findobj('name','pplane7 Setup');
  sud = get(ppset,'user');
  ud = get(fig,'user');
  ud.ssize = sud.ssize;
  fs = sud.fontsize;
  ud.fontsize = fs;
  style = sud.style;
  set(fig,'defaulttextfontsize',fs);
  set(fig,'defaultaxesfontsize',fs);
  set(fig,'defaultuicontrolfontsize',9*fs/10)
  lw = 0.5*fs/10;
  set(fig,'defaultaxeslinewidth',lw)
  set(fig,'defaultlinelinewidth',lw)
  set(fig,'defaultaxesfontname','helvetica')
  set(fig,'defaultaxesfontweight','normal')
  
  switch style
   case 'black'
    % if isunix | isvms, gamma = 0.5; else gamma = 0.0; end
    whitebg(fig,[0,0,0])
    if isunix | isvms
      fc = [.35 .35 .35];
    else
      fc = [.2 .2 .2];
    end
    set(fig,'color',fc);    
    set(fig,'defaultaxescolor',[0 0 0])
    % whitebg(fig,brighten([.2 .2 .2],gamma))
    set(fig,'defaultaxescolor',[0 0 0])
    set(fig,'defaultaxescolororder', ...
	    1-[0 0 1;0 1 0;1 0 0;0 1 1;1 0 1;1 1 0;.25 .25 .25]) % ymcrgbw
	% set(fig,'colormap',brighten(jet(64),gamma))
    set(fig,'colormap',jet(64))
    set(fig,'defaultsurfaceedgecolor',[0 0 0]);
   case 'white'
    whitebg(fig,[1 1 1])
    set(fig,'color',[.8 .8 .8])
    set(fig,'defaultaxescolor',[1 1 1])
    set(fig,'defaultaxescolororder', ...
	    [0 0 1;0 .5 0;1 0 0;0 .75 .75;.75 0 .75;.75 .75 0;.25 .25 .25]) % bgrymck
    set(fig,'colormap',jet(64))
    set(fig,'defaultsurfaceedgecolor',[0 0 0])
    
   case 'display'
    whitebg(fig,[1 1 1])
    set(fig,'defaultaxescolor',[1 1 1])
    set(fig,'defaultaxescolororder', ...
	    [0 0 1;0 .5 0;1 0 0;0 .75 .75;.75 0 .75;.75 .75 0;.25 .25 .25]) % bgrymck
    set(fig,'colormap',jet(64))
    set(fig,'defaultsurfaceedgecolor',[0 0 0])
    set(fig,'color',[1 1 1]*240/255);
    set(fig,'defaultuicontrolbackgroundcolor',[1 1 1]*220/255);
    set(fig,'defaultaxesfontweight','bold')
    set(fig,'defaulttextfontweight','bold')
    set(fig,'defaultaxeslinewidth',1)
    set(fig,'defaultlinelinewidth',1)
    
   case 'bw'
    whitebg(fig,[0 0 0])
    set(fig,'color',[0 0 0])
    set(fig,'defaultaxescolor',[0 0 0])
    set(fig,'defaultaxescolororder', ...
	    [1 1 1])
    set(fig,'colormap',[1 1 1;0 0 0])
    set(fig,'defaultsurfaceedgecolor',[0 0 0])
    
  end 
  set(fig,'user',ud);
  
elseif strcmp(action,'zoominsq')
   
   % 'zoominsq' is the callback for the Zoom in square menu item.  
   
   set(gcf,'WindowButtonDownFcn','pplane7(''zoomsqd'')',...
      'WindowButtonUpFcn','1;','inter','on');
   set(gca,'inter','on');
   dud = get(gcf,'user');
   nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
   nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
   nstr{5} = ['Pick a center and ',...
         'drag the mouse, or just click on a center.'];
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'zoomsqd')
   
   ppdispa = gca;
   aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
   point = get(ppdispa,'currentpoint');
   aud.center = point(1,[1,2]);
   aud.centh = plot(point(1,1),point(1,2),'or','erase','xor');
   aud.box = plot(point(1,1),point(1,2),'--r','erase','xor');
   set(ppdispa,'user',aud);
   set(gcf,'windowbuttonmotionfcn','pplane7(''zoomsqm'')',...
      'windowbuttonupfcn','pplane7(''zoomsqu'')');
   
   
elseif strcmp(action,'zoomsqm')
   
   ppdispa = gca;
   aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
   point = get(ppdispa,'currentpoint');
   point = point(1,[1,2])';
   un = get(ppdispa,'units');
   set(ppdispa,'units','pix');
   w = get(ppdispa,'pos'); w = w([3,4]);w = w(:);
   set(ppdispa,'units',un);
   cent = aud.center(:);
   lam = max(abs(point - cent)./w);
   v = lam*w;
   data = cent(:,[1 1 1 1 1]) + [v,[-v(1);v(2)], -v, [v(1);-v(2)],v];
   set(aud.box,'xdata',data(1,:),'ydata',data(2,:));
   
elseif strcmp(action,'zoomsqu')
   
   disph = gcf;
   dud = get(disph,'user');
   axh = dud.axes;
   aud = get(axh,'user');
   hand = [aud.centh;aud.box];
   set(hand,'erase','normal');
   delete(hand);
   DY = aud.DY(:);
   un = get(axh,'units');
   set(axh,'units','pix');
   w = dud.syst.wind;
   point = get(axh,'currentpoint');
   point = point(1,[1,2]);point = point(:);
   cent = aud.center(:);
   ww = get(axh,'pos'); ww = ww([3,4]); ww = ww(:);
   lamb = max(abs(point-cent)./ww);
   v = lamb*ww;
   if ~all(v > 0.01*DY)
      points = [w([1 1 2 2]);w([3 4 3 4])];
      for j=1:4
         lambs(j) = max(abs(points(:,j)-cent)./ww);
      end
      lamb = min(lambs);
      v = lamb*ww/4;
   end    
   p1 = cent + v; p2 = cent - v;
   a = [p2';p1'];
   a = [min(a);max(a)];
   DY = (a(2,:) - a(1,:))';    
   WINvect = a(:)';
   dud.syst.wind = WINvect;
   aud.DY = DY;
   dwind = [WINvect(1); WINvect(3); -WINvect(2); -WINvect(4)];
   aud.cwind = dwind - dud.settings.magn*[aud.DY;aud.DY];
   set(axh,'units',un,'user',aud);	
   set(disph,'user',dud);
   set(disph,'WindowButtonDownFcn','pplane7(''down'')',...
      'WindowButtonMotionFcn','pplane7(''cdisp'')',...
      'WindowButtonUpFcn','');
   pplane7('dirfield',disph);
   ppset = findobj('name','pplane7 Setup');
   if isempty(ppset)
      pplane7('confused');
   else
      sud = get(ppset,'user');
      sud.c.wind = WINvect;
      sud.o.wind = WINvect;
      set(sud.h.wind(1),'string',num2str(WINvect(1)));
      set(sud.h.wind(2),'string',num2str(WINvect(2)));
      set(sud.h.wind(3),'string',num2str(WINvect(3)));
      set(sud.h.wind(4),'string',num2str(WINvect(4)));
      set(ppset,'user',sud);
   end
   
elseif strcmp(action,'level')
  
  ppdisp = gcf;
  dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
  lfcn = dud.level;
  Xname = dud.syst.xvar;
  Yname = dud.syst.yvar;
  Xname(find(abs(Xname)==92))=[];  % Remove \s if any.
  Yname(find(abs(Yname)==92))=[];
  pplevel = findobj('name','pplane7 Level sets');
  if ~isempty(pplevel)
    delete(pplevel)
  end
  pplevel = figure('name','pplane7 Level sets',...
		 'vis','off',...
		 'numb','off','tag','pplane7');
  
  pplane7('figdefault',pplevel);
  set(pplevel,'menubar','none');
  
  lev.fr1 = uicontrol('style','frame');
  lev.fr2 = uicontrol('style','frame');
  
  inst1str = ['Enter the function in terms of the variables ',...
	      Xname, ' and ', Yname,':'];

  lev.inst1 = uicontrol('style','text','horiz','left',...
			'string',inst1str);
  
  lev.lfcn = uicontrol('style','edit','horiz','center',...
		       'string',lfcn,'call','',...
		       'background','w');
  
  lev.ch(3) = uicontrol('style','radio','horiz','center',...
			'min',0,'max',3,...
			'value',0,...
			'vis','on',...
			'string','Let pplane7 decide.');
  
  lev.ch(2) = uicontrol('style','radio','horiz','center',...
			'min',0,'max',2,...
			'value',0,...
			'string','Select a point in the Display Window.');
      
  lev.inst2 = uicontrol('style','text','horiz','left',...
			'string',['Choose one of the following ways to',...
		    ' choose level value(s):']);
      
  lev.ch(1)  = uicontrol('style','radio','horiz','center',...
			 'min',0,'max',1,...
			 'value',0,...
			 'string','Enter a vector of level values.');
      
  lev.rhs = uicontrol('style','edit','horiz','center',...
		      'string',' ','call','');

  lev.proc = uicontrol('style','push',...		
			  'string','Proceed',...
			  'call','pplane7(''levcomp'')');
  
  lev.close = uicontrol('style','push',...
			'string','Close',...
			'call','close');
      
  for i=1:3
    set(lev.ch(i),'user',lev.ch(:,[1:(i-1),(i+1):3]));
  end
  
  callrad = [
      'me = get(gcf,''currentobject'');',...
      'kk = get(me,''max'');',...
      'col = get(me,''backg'');',...
      'set(get(me,''user''),''value'',0),',...
      'set(me,''value'',kk);',...
      'ud = get(gcf,''user'');',...
      'if kk == 1,',...
      '   set(ud.rhs,''enable'',''on'',''backg'',''w'');',...
      'else,',...
      '   set(ud.rhs,''enable'',''off'',''backg'',col);',...
      'end,'];
  
  set(lev.ch,'call',callrad);
  
  left = 2; varl = 300; buttw = 60;
  nudge = 3;   
  tab = 15;
  lines1 = 5;
  lines2 = 2;
  xex = get(lev.inst1,'extent');
  ht = xex(4)+nudge;
  frw = varl + 2*tab+ 2*nudge;
  fr1bot = 2*left + ht;
  fr1ht = lines1*(nudge + ht) + nudge;
  fr2bot = fr1bot + fr1ht;
  fr2ht = lines2*(nudge + ht) + nudge;
  vbot = fr1bot + nudge;
  ch1bot = vbot + nudge + ht;
  ch2bot = ch1bot + nudge + ht;
  ch3bot = ch2bot + nudge + ht;
  inst2bot = ch3bot + nudge + ht;
  fbot =  fr2bot + nudge;
  inst1bot = fbot + nudge + ht;
  fleft = left + nudge + tab;
  instleft = left + nudge;
  chleft = instleft + tab;
  vleft = chleft + tab;
  vw = (frw - 2*vleft);
  fr1wind = [left,fr1bot,frw,fr1ht];
  fr2wind = [left,fr2bot,frw,fr2ht];
  inst1wind = [instleft,inst1bot,varl,ht];
  inst2wind = [instleft,inst2bot,varl,ht];
  fwind = [fleft,fbot,varl,ht];
  ch1wind = [chleft,ch1bot,varl,ht];
  ch2wind = [chleft,ch2bot,varl,ht];
  ch3wind = [chleft,ch3bot,varl,ht];
  vwind = [vleft,vbot,vw,ht];
  figw = 2*left + frw;
  fight = 3*left + ht + fr1ht + fr2ht;
  figwind = [40, 300, figw, fight];
  buttw = frw/2;
  sep = (figw - 2*buttw)/3;
  closel = sep;
  procl = 2*sep+buttw;
  clwind = [closel,left,buttw,ht];
  procwind = [procl,left,buttw,ht];
  set(pplevel,'pos',figwind);
  set(lev.fr1,'pos',fr1wind);
  set(lev.fr2,'pos',fr2wind);
  set(lev.inst1,'pos',inst1wind);
  set(lev.inst2,'pos',inst2wind);
  set(lev.ch(1),'pos',ch1wind);
  set(lev.ch(2),'pos',ch2wind);
  set(lev.ch(3),'pos',ch3wind);
  set(lev.rhs,'pos',vwind);
  set(lev.lfcn,'pos',fwind);
  set(lev.proc,'pos',procwind);
  set(lev.close,'pos',clwind);
  set(lev.ch(3),'value',3);
  set(lev.rhs,'enable','off');  
  
  child = get(pplevel,'children');
  set(pplevel,'vis','on','user',lev);
  set(child,'vis','on');
  
elseif strcmp(action,'levcomp')
  
  pplevel = gcf;
  ud = get(pplevel,'user');
  ppdisp = findobj('name','pplane7 Display');
  dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
  ppset = findobj('name','pplane7 Setup');
  sud = get(ppset,'user');
   ch = ud.ch;
  val = zeros(1,3);
  for kk = 1:3
    val(kk) = get(ch(kk),'value');
  end
  KK = max(val);
  lfcn = get(ud.lfcn,'string');
  l=length(lfcn);
  for ( k = fliplr(findstr('.',lfcn)))
    if (find('*/^' == lfcn(k+1)))
      lfcn = [lfcn(1:k-1), lfcn(k+1:l)];
    end
    l=l-1;
  end
  pnameh = sud.h.pname;
  pvalh = sud.h.pval;
  pflag = zeros(1,4);
  perr = [];
  lfcn(find(abs(lfcn)==32))=[];
  for kk = 1:4;
    pn = get(pnameh(kk),'string');
    pv = get(pvalh(kk),'string');
    if ~isempty(pn)
      pn(find(abs(pn)==92))=[];
      if isempty(pv) 
	perr = pvalh(kk);
      else 
	pv(find(abs(pv)==32))=[];
	lfcn = pplane7('paraeval',pn,pv,lfcn);
      end
    end
  end
  l = length(lfcn);
  for (k=fliplr(find((lfcn=='^')|(lfcn=='*')|(lfcn=='/'))))
    lfcn = [lfcn(1:k-1) '.' lfcn(k:l)];
    l = l+1;
  end
  WINvect = dud.syst.wind;
  XxXxXx = WINvect(1) + rand*(WINvect(2)-WINvect(1));
  YyYyYy = WINvect(3) + rand*(WINvect(4)-WINvect(3));
  Xname = dud.syst.xvar;
  Yname = dud.syst.yvar;
  Xname(find(abs(Xname)==92))=[];  % Remove \s if any.
  Yname(find(abs(Yname)==92))=[];
  err = 0;res = 1;
  eval([Xname,'=XxXxXx;'],'err = 1;');
  eval([Yname,'=YyYyYy;'],'err = 1;');
  eval(['res = ',lfcn, ';'],'err = 1;');
  if err | isempty(res)
    errmsg = 'The function does not evaluate correctly.';
    fprintf('\a')
    errordlg(errmsg,'PPLANE error','on');
    return;
  end
  
  Xmin = WINvect(1);
  Xmax = WINvect(2);
  Ymin = WINvect(3);
  Ymax = WINvect(4);
  N = 50; k = 4;
  deltax=(Xmax - Xmin)/(N-1);
  deltay=(Ymax - Ymin)/(N-1);
  XXXg=Xmin + deltax*[-k:N+k];
  YYYg=Ymin + deltay*[-k:N+k];
  
  [Xx,Yy]=meshgrid(XXXg,YYYg);
  Xxx=Xx(:);Yyy=Yy(:);
  Ww = zeros(size(Xxx));
  eval([Xname,'=Xxx;'],'err = 1;');
  eval([Yname,'=Yyy;'],'err = 1;');
  eval(['Ww = ',lfcn, ';'])

  KKK = 3; %# of significant figures.
  
  switch KK
   case 1  % vector input
    rhs = get(ud.rhs,'string');
    rhs = str2num(rhs);
    
   case 2  % mouse input
    figure(ppdisp);
    [XX,YY] = ppginput(1);
    figure(pplevel);
    eval([Xname,'=XX;'],'err = 1;');
    eval([Yname,'=YY;'],'err = 1;');
    eval(['rhs = ',lfcn, ';'],'err = 1'); 
    LL = ceil(log10(abs(rhs)));
    rhs = round(10^(KKK-LL)*rhs);
    rhs = 10^(LL-KKK)*rhs;
    
   case 3  % pplane7 input
    Www = Ww;
    kkk = find(isnan(Www));
    Www(kkk) = [];
    kkk = find(imag(Www));
    Www(kkk) = [];
    MM = max(Www);
    mm = min(Www);
    LL = ceil(log10(MM-mm));
    NN = 7;  % Number of curves
    rhs = mm+(1:NN).^2*(MM-mm)/NN^2;
    rhs = round(10^(KKK-LL)*rhs);
    rhs = 10^(LL-KKK)*rhs;
    
  end
  
  Ww = reshape(Ww,N+2*k+1,N+2*k+1);
  lrhs = length(rhs);
  if lrhs == 0
    return
  elseif lrhs == 1
    rhs = [rhs,rhs];
  end
  
  figure(ppdisp);
  [Cm,hcont] = contour(Xx,Yy,Ww,rhs,'--');
  hlabel = clabel(Cm,hcont);
%  set(hlabel,'fontsize',dud.fontsize,...
%	     'color',dud.color.level,...
%	     'rotation',0);
  set(hlabel,'fontsize',dud.fontsize,...
	     'color',[1,0,0],...
	     'rotation',0);
  set(hcont,'visible','on',...
	    'color',dud.color.level,...
	    'linestyle',':');
  dud.contours = [dud.contours ;hcont;hlabel];
  set(ppdisp,'user',dud);
  
elseif strcmp(action,'restart')
   
   ppset = findobj('name','pplane7 Setup');
   oldfiles = dir('pptp*.m');
   for k = 1:length(oldfiles)
      fn = oldfiles(k).name;
      fid = fopen(fn,'r');
      ll = fgetl(fid);
      ll = fgetl(fid);
      ll = fgetl(fid);
      fclose(fid);
      if strcmp(ll,'%% Created by pplane7')
         delete(fn)
      end
   end
   h = findobj('tag','pplane7');
   delete(setdiff(h,ppset));
   sud = get(ppset,'user');
   sud.flag = 0;
   set(ppset,'user',sud);
   figure(ppset)
   
elseif strcmp(action,'quit')
   
  ppset = findobj('name','pplane7 Setup');
  sud = get(ppset,'user');
  if sud.remtd 
    rmpath(tempdir);
  end
  oldfiles = dir([tempdir,'pptp*.m']);
  for k = 1:length(oldfiles)
    fn = [tempdir,oldfiles(k).name];
    fid = fopen(fn,'r');
    ll = fgetl(fid);
    ll = fgetl(fid);
    ll = fgetl(fid);
    fclose(fid);
    if strcmp(ll,'%% Created by pplane7')
      delete(fn)
    end
  end
  h = findobj('tag','pplane7');
  delete(h);
   
elseif strcmp(action,'closefcn')
   
   fig = gcf;  
   name = get(fig,'name');
   if strcmp(name,'pplane7 Setup') | strcmp(name,'pplane7 Display')
      quest = ['Closing this window will cause all pplane7 ',...
            'windows to close, and pplane7 will stop.  ',...
            'Do you want to quit pplane7?'];
      butt = questdlg(quest,'Quit pplane7?','Quit','Cancel','Quit');
      if strcmp(butt,'Quit')
         pplane7('quit');
      end
   elseif strcmp(name,'pplane7 Linearization')
      dud = get(fig,'user');
      fcn = dud.function;
      if (exist(fcn)==2) delete([fcn,'.m']);end    
      delete(findobj('label',name));
      delete(fig);
   else
      delete(findobj('label',name));
      delete(fig);
   end
   
elseif strcmp(action,'confused')
   
   tstring = 'pplane7 is totally confused';
   qstring = {['You will have to restart pplane7 from '...
            'the beginning in order to ',...
            'do anything new.  However, it might be possible '...
            'to save the current system ',...
            'or the gallery to make your restart easier, '...
            'or it may be possible to ',...
            'print out a figure, if the appropriate '...
            'figures are visible.  In such a case ',...
            'it would be best to do nothing now.'];
      'What do you want to do?'};
   bstr1 = 'Quit and restart pplane7.';
   bstr2 = 'Just quit pplane7.';
   bstr3 = 'Do nothing.';
   answer = questdlg(qstring,tstring,bstr1,bstr2,bstr3,bstr1);
   if strcmp(answer,bstr1)
      delete(findobj('tag','pplane7'));
      pplane7;return
   elseif strcmp(answer,bstr2)
      delete(findobj('tag','pplane7'));
      return
   else
      return
   end
   
elseif strcmp(action,'export')
    
  % export is the callback for the Export solution data item in the
  % Options menu.
  
  disph = gcf;
  dud = get(disph,'user');
  arr = dud.arr;
  lv = get(arr.lines,'vis');
  av = get(arr.arrows,'vis');
  if ~isempty(arr.hx)
    nv = get(arr.hx(1),'vis');
  elseif ~isempty(arr.hy)
    nv = get(arr.hx(1),'vis');
  else
    nv = zeros(1,0);
  end
  if ~isempty(arr.barrows)
    bv = get(arr.barrows,'vis');
  else
    bv = zeros(1,0);
  end
  handles = [arr.lines;arr.arrows;arr.hx;arr.hy;arr.barrows];

  set(handles,'vis','off');
  oldcall = get(disph,'WindowButtonDownFcn');
  set(disph,'WindowButtonDownFcn','');
  trjh = dud.solhand;
  notice = dud.notice;
  switch length(trjh)
   case 0
    if notice 
      nstr = get(notice,'string');
      nstr(1:3) = nstr(3:5);
      nstr{4} = 'There are no solutions.';
      nstr{5} = 'Ready.';
      set(notice,'string',nstr);
    end
    th = [];
	
   case 1
    th = trjh;
   otherwise
    if notice
      nstr = get(notice,'string');
      nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
      nstr{5} = 'Select a solution with the mouse.';
      set(notice,'string',nstr);
    end
    ppginput(1);
    th = get(disph,'currentobject');
  end
  if isempty(th)
    if notice 
      nstr = get(notice,'string');
      nstr(1:3) = nstr(3:5);
      nstr{4} = 'The item selected is not a solution.';
      nstr{5} = 'Ready.';
      set(notice,'string',nstr);
    end
  else
    vars = evalin('base','who');
    no = 1;
    kk = 0;
    while no
      kk = kk + 1;
      vstr = ['ppdata',num2str(kk)];
      if ~any(strcmp(vars,vstr))
	no = 0;
      end
    end
    yname = dud.syst.yvar;
    if abs(yname(1)) == 92
      yname = yname(2:length(yname));
    end
    xname = dud.syst.xvar;
    if abs(xname(1)) == 92
      xname = xname(2:length(xname));
    end
    tname = 't';
    tval = get(th,'zdata');
    tval = tval(:);
    xval = get(th,'xdata');
    xval = xval(:);
    yval = get(th,'ydata');
    yval = yval(:);
    ivstr = struct(tname,tval,xname,xval,yname,yval);
    assignin('base',vstr,ivstr);
    if notice 
      nstr = get(notice,'string');
      nstr(1:3) = nstr(3:5);
      nstr{4} = ['The data has been exported as the structure ',...
		 vstr,' with fields ', tname, ', ', xname, ', and ', yname,'.'];
      nstr{5} = 'Ready.';
      set(notice,'string',nstr);
    end
    
    
  end
	
      

  set(arr.lines,'vis',lv);
  set(arr.arrows,'vis',av);
  set([arr.hx;arr.hy],'vis',nv);
  set(arr.barrows,'vis',bv);
  set(disph,'user',dud);
  set(disph,'WindowButtonDownFcn','pplane7(''down'')');
   
   
elseif strcmp(action,'cdisp')
  
  [ppcbo,ppdisp] = gcbo;
  dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
  cp = get(ppdisp,'currentpoint');
  fpos = get(ppdisp,'pos');
  ppax = dud.axes;
  xd = get(ppax,'xlim');
  yd = get(ppax,'ylim');
  apos = get(ppax,'pos');
  xp = xd(1) + (cp(1) - apos(1)*fpos(3))*(xd(2)-xd(1))/(apos(3)*fpos(3));
  yp = yd(1) + (cp(2) - apos(2)*fpos(4))*(yd(2)-yd(1))/(apos(4)*fpos(4));
  str = ['(',num2str(xp,3),', ',num2str(yp,3),')'];
  set(dud.ccwind,'string',str);
  
elseif strcmp(action,'periodic')
  
  % Find a periodic orbit.
  
  ppdisp = findobj('name','pplane7 Display');
  dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
  dfcn = dud.function;
  direction = dud.dir;
  notice = dud.notice;
  settings = dud.settings;
  refine = settings.refine;
  tol = settings.tol;
  AA = -1e6;
  BB = 1e6; 
  switch direction
   case 0
    intplus = [0, BB];
    intminus = [0, AA]; 
   case -1
    intplus = [0, 0];
    intminus = [0, AA]; 
   case 1
    intplus = [0, BB];
    intminus = [0, 0];
  end
  ppdispa = dud.axes;
  aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
  DY = aud.DY;
  aud.plot = 0;
  atol = tol*DY*1e-4';
  set(ppdispa,'user',aud);
  nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
  nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
  nstr{5} = 'Choose a starting point with the mouse.';
  set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
  z00 = ppginput(1);
  z0 = z00;
  ptstr = [' (',num2str(z0(1),2), ', ', num2str(z0(2),2), ')'];
  solver = dud.settings.solver;
  opt = odeset('OutputFcn',@ppout,'Refine',refine,...
	       'RelTol',tol,'Abstol',atol);
  switch solver
   case 'Dormand Prince'
    solh = @ppdp45;
    opt = ppdisp;
   case 'Runge-Kutta 4'
    solh = @pprk4;
    opt = ppdisp;
   case 'ode45'
    solh = @ode45;
   case 'ode23'
    solh = @ode23;
   case 'ode113'
    solh = @ode113;
   case 'ode15s'
    solh = @ode15s;
   case 'ode23s'
    solh = @ode23s;
   case 'ode23t'
    solh = @ode23t;
   case 'ode23tb'
    solh = @ode23tb;
  end
  exist(dfcn);
  dfh = str2func(dfcn);
  dud.noticeflag = 0;   % Notices only from here.
  set(ppdisp,'user',dud);
  if intplus(2)>intplus(1)
    if notice
      nstr = get(notice,'string');
      nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
      nstr{5} = 'The forward orbit ';
      set(notice,'string',nstr);
    end
    drawnow				
    [tp,xp] = feval(solh,dfh,intplus,z0,opt);
    aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
    set(aud.line,'erase','normal')
    delete(aud.line);
    aud.line = [];
    z0 = aud.y;
    stop = aud.stop;
    nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
    switch stop
     case 1
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' left the computation window.']; 
     case 2
      zz = aud.zz;
      ystr = ['(',num2str(zz(1),2), ', ', num2str(zz(2),2),').'];
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' --> a possible eq. pt. near ',ystr];
     case 3
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' --> a closed orbit'];
     case 4
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' was stopped by the user.'];
     case 5 
      ystr = ['(',num2str(y(1),2), ', ', num2str(y(2),2),').'];
      nstr(1:3) = nstr(2:4);
      nstr{4} = [nstr{5},' experienced a failure at ',ystr];
      nstr{5} = 'Problem is singular or tolerances are too large.';
    end
    set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
    drawnow
      
    if stop==3  % periodic orbit found.
      % [tp,xp] = feval(solh,dfh,intplus,z0,opt);
      rr = sqrt(((xp(:,1) - z0(1))/DY(1)).^2 + ((xp(:,2) - z0(2))/DY(2)).^2);
      kk = find(rr < 0.01);
      LL = length(kk);
      kmax = max(kk);
      kkk = max(kk(find(kk<kmax-30)));
      T = tp(kmax) - tp(kkk);
      aud.gstop = 0;
      set(ppdispa,'user',aud);
      kkk = 0;
      NN = 1;
      dz0 = feval(dfh,0,z0);
      while abs(NN)>0.0001*abs(T) & kkk < 10
	[tt,yy] = feval(solh,dfh,[0,T],z0,opt);
	yy = yy(length(tt),:);
	dyy = feval(dfh,0,yy');
	NN = ((yy-z0')*dz0)/(dyy'*dz0);
	T = T - NN;
	kkk = kkk +1;
      end
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' of period ', num2str(abs(T),3), '.'];
      set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
      drawnow
      [tp,xp] = feval(solh,dfh,[0 3*T],z0,opt);
      aud.gstop = 1;
      set(ppdispa,'user',aud);
      hnew = plot(xp(:,1),xp(:,2),'color','b');
      set(hnew,'zdata',tp);
      solhand = [dud.solhand;hnew];
      dud.solhand = solhand;
    end
    drawnow				
  end
  if intminus(2)<intminus(1)
    z0 = z00;
    if notice
      nstr = get(notice,'string');
      nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
      nstr{5} = 'The backward orbit ';
      set(notice,'string',nstr);
    end
    drawnow	
    [tp,xp] = feval(solh,dfh,intminus,z0,opt);
    aud = get(ppdispa,'user');
    set(aud.line,'erase','normal')
    delete(aud.line);
    aud.line = [];
    z0 = aud.y;
    stop = aud.stop;
    nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
    switch stop
     case 1
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' left the computation window.']; 
     case 2
      zz = aud.zz;
      ystr = ['(',num2str(zz(1),2), ', ', num2str(zz(2),2),').'];
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' --> a possible eq. pt. near ',ystr];
     case 3
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' --> a nearly closed orbit.'];
     case 4
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' was stopped by the user.'];
     case 5 
      ystr = ['(',num2str(y(1),2), ', ', num2str(y(2),2),').'];
      nstr(1:3) = nstr(2:4);
      nstr{4} = [nstr{5},' experienced a failure at ',ystr];
      nstr{5} = 'Problem is singular or tolerances are too large.';
    end
    set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
    drawnow
    if stop==3  % periodic orbit found.
      z0 = aud.y;
      rr = sqrt(((xp(:,1) - z0(1))/DY(1)).^2 + ((xp(:,2) - z0(2))/DY(2)).^2);
      kk = find(rr < 0.01);
      LL = length(kk);
      kmax = max(kk);
      kkk = max(kk(find(kk<kmax-30)));
      T = tp(kmax) - tp(kkk);
      aud.gstop = 0;
      set(ppdispa,'user',aud);
      kkk = 0;
      NN = 1;
      dz0 = feval(dfh,0,z0);
      while abs(NN)>0.0001*abs(T) & kkk < 10
	[tt,yy] = feval(solh,dfh,[0,T],z0,opt);
	yy = yy(length(tt),:);
	dyy = feval(dfh,0,yy');
	NN = ((yy-z0')*dz0)/(dyy'*dz0);
	T = T - NN;
	kkk = kkk +1;
      end
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' of period ', num2str(abs(T),3), '.'];
      set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
      drawnow
      [tp,xp] = feval(solh,dfh,[0 3*T],z0,opt);
      aud.gstop = 1;
      set(ppdispa,'user',aud);
      hnew = plot(xp(:,1),xp(:,2),'color','b');
      set(hnew,'zdata',tp);
      solhand = [dud.solhand;hnew];
      dud.solhand = solhand;
    end
    drawnow				
  end
  dud.noticeflag = 1;
  dud.dir = 0;
  set(ppdisp,'user',dud);
  aud.plot = 1;
  set(ppdispa,'user',aud);

  if notice
    nstr = get(notice,'string');
    nstr(1:4) = nstr(2:5);
    nstr{5} = 'Ready';
    set(notice,'string',nstr);
  end
  drawnow				
  
 
end

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

function [tout,yout] = ppdp45(dfcn,tspan,y0,disph)

% PPDP45 is an implementation of the explicit Runge-Kutta (4,5) which
%        is described in Chapters 5 & 6 of John Dormand's book, 
%        Numerical Methods for Differential Equations.  
% 
%        This is the same algorithm used in ODE45, part of the new MATLAB 
%        ODE Suite.  Details are to be found in The MATLAB ODE Suite, 
%        L. F. Shampine and M. W. Reichelt, SIAM Journal on Scientific 
%        Computing, 18-1, 1997.


% Input the user data. 
  
  dud = get(disph,'user');
  dispha = dud.axes;
  ud = get(dispha,'user');
  refine = dud.settings.refine;
  tol = dud.settings.tol;
  gstop = ud.gstop;
  plotf = ud.plot;
  DY = ud.DY;
  col = dud.color.temp;
  speed = dud.settings.speed;
  slow = (speed < 100);

  % Initialize the stopping criteria.
  if gstop
    
    % Initialize detection of closed orbits & limit cycles.
    % Choose a random direction & initialize the search for orbit maxima in
    % that direction.
    
    theta = rand*2*pi;
    R = [cos(theta), sin(theta); -sin(theta),cos(theta)];
    qq = R*(y0(:));
    rr = [qq,qq];
    z = DY(1) + sqrt(-1)*DY(2);
    w=exp(i*theta);
    a1 = w*z;
    a2 = w*(z');
    a=max(abs(real([a1,a2])));
    b=max(abs(imag([a1,a2])));
    perpeps = a*0.00001; % a/2000;	% We want to be real
			% close in this direction.
    paraeps = b/100;	% We do not have to be
			% so careful in this direction.
    tk = 0;
    turn = zeros(2,10);
    
    % The test for an equilibrium point.
    
    sinkeps = 0.005/refine;
    
    %  The compute window.
    
    cwind = ud.cwind;
  end
  % The stop button.
  
  stop = 0;
  ud.stop = 0;
  
  % Set the the line handle.
  
  ph = plot([y0(1),y0(1)],[y0(2),y0(2)],...
	    'color',col,...
	    'erase','none',...
	    'parent',dispha);
  ud.line = ph;
  set(dispha,'UserData',ud);
  
  % Initialize the loop.
  
  t0 = tspan(1);
  tfinal = tspan(2);
  tdir = sign(tfinal - t0);
  t = t0;
  y = y0(:);
  
  % By default, hmax is 1/10 of the interval.
  hmax = min(abs(0.1*(tfinal-t)),1);
  
  rDY = DY(:,ones(1,refine));
  steps = 0;
  block = 120;
  tout = zeros(block,1);
  yout = zeros(block,2);
  
  N = 1;
  tout(N) = t;
  yout(N,:) = y.';
  
  % Initialize method parameters.
  pow = 1/5;
  %  C = [1/5; 3/10; 4/5; 8/9; 1; 1]; 
  %  Not needed because the sytem is autonomous.
  A = [
      1/5         3/40    44/45   19372/6561      9017/3168  
      0           9/40    -56/15  -25360/2187     -355/33    
      0           0       32/9    64448/6561      46732/5247      
      0           0       0       -212/729        49/176          
      0           0       0       0               -5103/18656     
      0           0       0       0               0               
      0           0       0       0               0            
      ];
  bhat = [35/384 0 500/1113 125/192 -2187/6784 11/84 0]';
  % E = bhat - b.
  E = [71/57600; 0; -71/16695; 71/1920; -17253/339200; 22/525; -1/40];
  if refine > 1
    sigma = (1:refine-1) / refine;
    S = cumprod(sigma(ones(4,1),:));
    bstar = [
	1       -183/64     37/12       -145/128
	0       0       0       0
	0       1500/371    -1000/159   1000/371
	0       -125/32     125/12      -375/64 
	0       9477/3392   -729/106    25515/6784
	0       -11/7       11/3        -55/28
	0       3/2     -4      5/2
	    ];
    bstar = bstar*S;
    
  end
  
  f = zeros(2,7);
  f0 = feval(dfcn,t,y);
  
  mm = max(abs(f0./DY));
  absh = hmax;
  if mm
    absh = min(absh,1/(100*mm));
  end
  
  f(:,1) = f0;
  minNsteps =20;
  
  % THE MAIN LOOP
  
  tic
  while ~stop
    
    % hmin is a small number such that t+h is distinquishably
    % different from t if abs(h) > hmin.
    hmin = 16*eps*abs(t);
    absh = min(hmax, max(hmin, absh));    
    h = tdir * absh;
    
    % LOOP FOR ADVANCING ONE STEP.
    while stop~=5
      % hC= h * C;
      hA = h * A;
      
      f(:,2) = feval(dfcn, t, y + f*hA(:,1));
      f(:,3) = feval(dfcn, t, y + f*hA(:,2));
      f(:,4) = feval(dfcn, t, y + f*hA(:,3));
      f(:,5) = feval(dfcn, t, y + f*hA(:,4));
      f(:,6) = feval(dfcn, t, y + f*hA(:,5));
      tn = t + h;
      yn = y + f*h*bhat;
      f(:,7) = feval(dfcn, tn, yn);
      
      % Estimate the error.
      err = abs(h * f * E);
      alpha = (2*max(err./((abs(y)+abs(yn)+DY*1e-3)*tol)))^pow;
      if alpha < 1         % Step is OK
	break
      else
	if absh <= hmin	% This keeps us out of an infinite loop.
	  stop = 5;
	  break;
	end
	
	absh = max(hmin,0.8*absh / alpha);
	h = tdir * absh;
      end  % if alpha < 1
    end  % while stop~=5
    steps = steps + 1;
    
    
    oldN = N;
    N = N + refine;
    if N > length(tout)
      tout = [tout; zeros(block,1)];  
      yout = [yout; zeros(block,2)];
    end
    if refine > 1             % computed points, with refinement
      j = oldN+1:N-1;
      tout(j) = t + h*sigma';
      yout(j,:) = (y(:,ones(length(j),1)) + f*h*bstar).';
      tout(N) = tn;
      yout(N,:) = yn.';
    else               % computed points, no refinement
      tout(N) = tn;
      yout(N,:) = yn.';
    end
    
    
    % Update stop.   Maybe the stop button has been pressed.
    
    ud = get(dispha,'user');
    stop = max(ud.stop,stop);
    
    if gstop
      % Are we out of the compute window?
      yl = yout(N,:).';
      if any([yl;-yl] - cwind < 0);
	stop = 1;
      end  
      
      % If the step in the phase plane is small we assume there is a sink.
      if (steps > minNsteps)
	yy = yout(oldN:N,:).';
	dyy = yy(:,1:refine) - yy(:,2:(refine+1));
	dyy = dyy./rDY;
	MMf = min(sqrt(sum(dyy.^2)));   
	if (MMf<=sinkeps*absh);
	  z0 = yy(:,refine+1);
	  zz = pplane7('newton',z0,dfcn);
	  zz = zz(:,1);
	  ud.zz = zz;
	  nz = norm((zz-z0)./DY);
	  if nz <= 0.01;
	    stop = 2; 
	    ud.y = z0;
	  end
	  minNsteps = minNsteps + 20;
	end	
	
      end
      
      % We look for a maximum in the randomly chosen direction.  If
      % we find one, we compare it with previously found maxima.  If
      % our new one is close to an old one we stop.  If not, we
      % record the on.
      
      jj = oldN+1:N;
      yy = yout(jj,:).';
      rrr = R*yy;      
      v = [rr,rrr];
      rr = v(:,[refine+1,refine+2]);   % Use this next time. 
      [m,ii] = max(v(1,:));
      if( 1< min(ii) & max(ii)<refine+2 )  % If the max is in the middle.
	kk=0;
	while ( (kk<tk) & (~stop) )
	  kk = kk+1;
	  if ((abs(v(1,ii)-turn(1,kk))<perpeps) &...
	      (abs(v(2,ii)-turn(2,kk))<paraeps) )
	    z0 = yy(:,refine);
	    ud.y = z0;
	    zz = pplane7('newton',z0,dfcn);
	    zz = zz(:,1);
	    ud.zz = zz;
	    nz = norm((zz-z0)./DY);
	    if nz <= 0.015;
	      stop = 2; 
	    else	    
	      stop = 3;
	    end
	  end  
	end
	tk = tk + 1;
	if tk > size(turn,2)
	  turn = [turn,zeros(2,10)];
	end
	turn(:,tk+1) = v(:,ii);
      end
    elseif (abs(tn-tfinal) < hmin)
      stop = 6;
    end  % if gstop
    if plotf
      ii = oldN:N;    
      set(ph,'Xdata',yout(ii,1),'Ydata',yout(ii,2));
      drawnow    
    end  % if plotf 
    
    % Compute a new step size.
    absh = max(hmin,0.8*absh / max( alpha,0.1));
    absh = min(absh,tdir*(tfinal - tn));
    h = absh*tdir;
    % Advance the integration one step.
    t = tn;
    y = yn;
    f(:,1) = f(:,7);                      % Already evaluated
                                          % dfcn(tnew,ynew)
    if slow
      ttt= N/(speed*refine);
      tt = toc;
      while tt < ttt
	tt = toc;
      end
    end
					  
  end  % while ~stop
  ud.stop = stop;
  set(dispha,'user',ud); 
  tout = tout(1:N);
  yout = yout(1:N,:);
  if dud.notice & dud.noticeflag
    nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
    
    switch stop
     case 1
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' left the computation window.']; 
     case 2
      ystr = ['(',num2str(zz(1),2), ', ', num2str(zz(2),2),').'];
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' --> a possible eq. pt. near ',ystr];
     case 3
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' --> a nearly closed orbit.'];
     case 4
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' was stopped by the user.'];
     case 5 
      ystr = ['(',num2str(y(1),2), ', ', num2str(y(2),2),').'];
      nstr(1:3) = nstr(2:4);
      nstr{4} = [nstr{5},' experienced a failure at ',ystr];
      nstr{5} = 'Problem is singular or tolerances are too large.';
    end
    set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
    drawnow
  end

  
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

function [tout,yout] = pprk4(dfcn,tspan,y0,disph)

% PPRK4  is an implementation of the fourth order Runge-Kutta method. 

% Input the user data. 

dud = get(disph,'user');
dispha = dud.axes;
ud = get(dispha,'user');
refine = dud.settings.refine;
tol = dud.settings.tol;
gstop = ud.gstop;
ssize = dud.settings.stepsize;
plotf = ud.plot;
DY = ud.DY;
col = dud.color.temp;
speed = dud.settings.speed;
slow = (speed < 100);

% Initialize the stopping criteria.

%  The compute window.

if gstop
   
   % Initialize detection of closed orbits & limit cycles.
   % Choose a random direction & initialize the search for orbit maxima in
   % that direction.
   
   theta = rand*2*pi;
   R = [cos(theta), sin(theta); -sin(theta),cos(theta)];
   qq = R*(y0(:));
   rr = [qq,qq];
   z = DY(1) + sqrt(-1)*DY(2);
   w=exp(i*theta);
   a1 = w*z;
   a2 = w*(z');
   a=max(abs(real([a1,a2])));
   b=max(abs(imag([a1,a2])));
   perpeps = a*0.00001;	% We want to be real
			% close in this direction.
   paraeps = b/100;	% We do not have to be
			% so careful in this direction.
   tk = 0;
   turn = zeros(2,10);
   
   % The test for an equilibrium point.
   
   sinkeps = 0.0001;
   
   %  The compute window.
   
   cwind = ud.cwind;
 end
 
% The stop button.

stop = 0;
ud.stop = 0;

% Set the the line handle.

ph = plot([y0(1),y0(1)],[y0(2),y0(2)],'color',col,...
   'erase','none',...
   'parent',dispha);
ud.line = ph;
set(dispha,'UserData',ud);

% Initialize the loop.

t0 = tspan(1);
tfinal = tspan(2);
tdir = sign(tfinal - t0);
t = t0;
y = y0(:);

h = ssize*tdir;

steps = 0;
block = 120;
tout = zeros(block,1);
yout = zeros(block,2);
N = 1;
tout(N) = t;
yout(N,:) = y.';
minNsteps =20;

% The main loop
tic
while ~stop
  if abs(t - tfinal) < ssize 
    h = tfinal - t; 
  end

  % Compute the slope
  s1 = feval(dfcn,t,y); s1=s1(:);
  s2 = feval(dfcn, t + h/2, y + h*s1/2); s2=s2(:);
  s3 = feval(dfcn, t + h/2, y + h*s2/2); s3=s3(:);
  s4 = feval(dfcn, t + h, y + h*s3); s4=s4(:);
  
  t = t + h;
  y = y + h*(s1 + 2*s2 + 2*s3 +s4)/6;

  if N >= length(tout)
    tout = [tout;zeros(block,1)];
    yout = [yout;zeros(block,2)];
  end
  oldN = N;
  N = N + 1;  
  tout(N) = t;
  yout(N,:) = y.';
  steps = steps + 1;
  
  % Update stop.   Maybe the stop button has been pressed.

  ud = get(dispha,'user');
  stop = max(ud.stop,stop);
  
  if gstop
    % Are we out of the compute window?
    yl = yout(N,:).';
    if any([yl;-yl] - cwind < 0);
      stop = 1;
    end  
      
    % If the step in the phase plane is small we assume there is a sink.
    if (steps > minNsteps)
      yy = yout(N-1:N,:).';
      dyy = yy(:,1) - yy(:,2);
      dyy = dyy./DY;
      MMf = sqrt(sum(dyy.^2));   
      if (MMf<=sinkeps) 
	z0 = yy(:,refine+1);
	zz = pplane7('newton',z0,dfcn);
	zz = zz(:,1);
	ud.zz = zz;
	nz = norm((zz-z0)./DY);
	if nz <= 0.01;
	  stop = 2; 
	  ud.y = z0;
	end
	minNsteps = minNsteps + 20;
      end	
    end
      
    % We look for a maximum in the randomly chosen direction.  If
    % we find one, we compare it with previously found maxima.  If
    % our new one is close to an old one we stop.  If not, we
    % record the on.
    
    yy = yout(N,:).';
    rrr = R*yy;      
    v = [rr,rrr];
    rr = v(:,[2,3]);   % Use this next time. 
    [m,ii] = max(v(1,:));
    if( 1< min(ii) & max(ii)<3 )  % If the max is in the middle.
      kk=0;
      while ( (kk<tk) & (~stop) )
	kk = kk+1;
	if ((abs(v(1,ii)-turn(1,kk))<perpeps) &...
	      (abs(v(2,ii)-turn(2,kk))<paraeps) )
	  z0 = yy(:,refine);
	  ud.y = z0;
	  zz = pplane7('newton',z0,dfcn);
	  zz = zz(:,1);
	  ud.zz = zz;
	  nz = norm((zz-z0)./DY);
	  if nz <= 0.015;
	    stop = 2; 
	  else	    
	    stop = 3;
	  end
	end  
      end
      tk = tk + 1;
      if tk > size(turn,2)
	turn = [turn,zeros(2,10)];
      end
      turn(:,tk+1) = v(:,ii);
    end
  end  % if gstop
  if (abs(t-tfinal) < 0.001*ssize)
    stop = 6;
  end  

  if plotf
    nn = (N-1):N;    
    set(ph,'Xdata',yout(nn,1),'Ydata',yout(nn,2));
    drawnow    
  end  % if plotf 
  if slow
    ttt= N/(speed);
    tt = toc;
    while tt < ttt
      tt = toc;
    end
  end
   
end  % while ~stop

ud.stop = stop;
set(dispha,'user',ud); 
tout = tout(1:N);
yout = yout(1:N,:);
if dud.notice & dud.noticeflag
   nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
   
   switch stop
   case 1
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' left the computation window.']; 
   case 2
      ystr = ['(',num2str(zz(1),2), ', ', num2str(zz(2),2),').'];
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' --> a possible eq. pt. near ',ystr];
   case 3
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' --> a nearly closed orbit.'];
   case 4
      nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' was stopped by the user.'];
   case 5 
      ystr = ['(',num2str(y(1),2), ', ', num2str(y(2),2),').'];
      nstr(1:3) = nstr(2:4);
      nstr{4} = [nstr{5},' experienced a failure at ',ystr];
      nstr{5} = 'Problem is singular or tolerances are too large.';
   end
   set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
end
drawnow

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

function output = ppout(t,y,flag,varargin)

% PPOUT  is the output function for pplane7.

%  Copywright (c)  John C. Polking, Rice University
%  Last Modified: January 21, 2001

output = 0;
ppdisp = findobj(get(0,'child'),'flat','name','pplane7 Display'); %gca;   % 
dud = get(ppdisp,'user');
ppdispa = dud.axes;
dfcn = dud.function;
ud = get(ppdispa,'user');
stop = ud.stop;
gstop = ud.gstop;
col = dud.color.temp;
plotf = ud.plot;
speed = dud.settings.speed;
DY = ud.DY;
slow = (speed < 100);

if (nargin < 3) | (isempty(flag))  
    if stop   
        output = 1;
	vers = version;
	vers = str2num(vers(1:3));
	if vers<6.5
	  feval(@ppout,t,y,'done');
	end
    else	
        L = length(t);
        if gstop    
            % Update stop.   Are we out of the compute window?
            yl = y(:,L);
            if any([yl;-yl] - ud.cwind < 0);
                stop = 1;
            end  
            
            % If the derivative function is small we assume there is a
            % sink.
	    
	    minNsteps = ud.minNsteps;
            if (ud.i > minNsteps)
                yy = [ud.y,y];
                dyy = yy(:,1:L) - yy(:,2:(L+1));
                rDY = DY(:,ones(1,L));
                dyy = dyy./rDY;
                MMf = min(sqrt(sum(dyy.^2)));      
                if (MMf<=ud.sinkeps*abs(t(1) - t(L))) 
		  z0 = yy(:,L+1);
		  zz = pplane7('newton',z0,dfcn);
		  zz = zz(:,1);
		  ud.zz = zz;
		  nz = norm((zz-z0)./DY);
		  if nz <= 0.01;
		    ud.zz = zz;
		    stop = 2; 
		  end
		  ud.minNsteps = minNsteps + 20;
		end	
            else
                ud.i = ud.i + 1;
            end
            
            % We look for a maximum in the randomly chosen direction.  If
            % we find one, we compare it with previously found maxima.  If
            % our new one is close to an old one we stop.  If not, we
            % record the position.
            
            rr = ud.R*y;
            
            v = [ud.rr,rr];
            ud.rr = v(:,[L+1,L+2]);    
            [m,ii] = max(v(1,:));
            %ii = ii(1);
            if( 1< min(ii) & max(ii)<L+2 )
                kk=0;
                turn = ud.turn;
                perpeps = ud.perpeps;
                paraeps = ud.paraeps;
                tk = ud.tk;
                while ( (kk<tk) & (~stop) )
                    kk = kk+1;
                    if ((abs(v(1,ii)-turn(1,kk))<perpeps) &...
                            (abs(v(2,ii)-turn(2,kk))<paraeps) )
		      z0 = y(:,L);
		      zz = pplane7('newton',z0,dfcn);
		      zz = zz(:,1);
		      ud.zz = zz;
		      nz = norm((zz-z0)./DY);
		      if nz <= 0.002;
			ud.zz = zz;
			stop = 2; 
		      else	    
                        stop = 3;
		      end
                    end  
                end
                ud.tk = tk + 1;
                if tk >= size(turn,2)
                    ud.turn = [turn,zeros(2,10)];
                end
                ud.turn(:,tk+1) = v(:,ii);
            end
        end      
        output = 0;
        ud.stop = stop;
        yold = ud.y;    
        ud.y = y(:,L);
        set(ppdispa,'user',ud);
	if slow
	  ttt = clock;
	  newtime = (24*ttt(4)+ttt(5))*60 + ttt(6);
	  ctime = ud.ctime;
	  N = ud.i;
	  while newtime < ctime + N/speed
	    ttt = clock;
	    newtime = (24*ttt(4)+ttt(5))*60 + ttt(6);
	  end
        end
        % Finally we plot the newest line segment.
        if plotf
	  set(ud.line,'Xdata',[yold(1),y(1,:)],'Ydata',[yold(2),y(2,:)]);
	  drawnow  
	end
    end

else
  switch(flag)
   case 'init'                  % ppout(tspan,y0,'init')
    if slow
      ttt = clock;
      ctime = (24*ttt(4)+ttt(5))*60 + ttt(6);
      ud.ctime = ctime;
    end
        ud.y = y(:);
        ud.i = 1;
        
        % Set the the line handle.
        figure(ppdisp);
        ud.line = plot([ud.y(1),ud.y(1)],[ud.y(2),ud.y(2)],...
            'color',col,'erase','none');
        
        if gstop    
            % Chose a random direction & initialize the search for orbit
            % maxima in that direction.
            
            theta = rand*2*pi;
            ud.R = [cos(theta), sin(theta); -sin(theta),cos(theta)];
            qq = ud.R*y;
            ud.rr = [qq,qq];
            z = ud.DY(1) + sqrt(-1)*ud.DY(2);
            w = exp(i*theta);      
            r = abs(z);
            a1 = w*z;
            a2 = w*(z');
            a = max(abs(real([a1,a2])));
            b = max(abs(imag([a1,a2])));
            ud.perpeps = a*0.00001;;	% We want to be real
            % close in this direction.
            ud.paraeps = b/100;	% We do not have to be
            % too careful in this direction.
            ud.sinkeps = 0.005/dud.settings.refine;
	    ud.minNsteps = 20;
            ud.tk = 0;
            ud.turn = zeros(2,10);
        end      
        output = 0;
        ud.stop = 0;
        set(ppdispa,'UserData',ud);
        
    case 'done'			% ppn6(t,y,'done');    
     if dud.noticeflag
       nstr = get(dud.notice,'string');
       if ~isempty(y)
	 set(ud.line,'Xdata',[ud.y(1),y(1,:)],'Ydata',[ud.y(2),y(2,:)]);
       end
       switch stop
	case 1
	 nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' left the computation window.']; 
	case 2
	 yy = ud.zz;
	 ystr = ['(',num2str(yy(1),2), ', ', num2str(yy(2),2),').'];
	 nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' --> a possible eq. pt. near ',ystr];
	case 3
	 nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' --> a nearly closed orbit.'];
	case 4
	 nstr{5} = [nstr{5}, ' was stopped by the user.'];
       end
       set(dud.notice,'string',nstr);
       drawnow
       output = 1;
     end
  end
end

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

% The next function is a simple modification of the standard MATLAB
% function. It is modified so that the windowmotionfunction is not
% suspended.  This and the copy of ginput are required to keep the cursor
% coordiante window working while using ginput.

function uistate = ppuisuspend(fig)
%UISUSPEND suspends all interactive properties of the figure.
%
%   UISTATE=UISUSPEND(FIG) suspends the interactive properties of a 
%   figure window and returns the previous state in the structure
%   UISTATE.  This structure contains information about the figure's
%   WindowButton* functions and the pointer.  It also contains the 
%   ButtonDownFcn's for all children of the figure.
%
%   See also UIRESTORE.

%   Chris Griffin, 6-19-97
%   Copyright 1984-2002 The MathWorks, Inc.
%   $Revision: 1.10 $ $Date: 2002/04/09 01:36:16 $

% disable plot editing and annotation buttons


uistate = struct(...
        'ploteditEnable', plotedit(fig,'getenabletools'), ...        
        'figureHandle', fig, ...
        'Children', findobj(fig), ...
        'WindowButtonMotionFcn', get(fig, 'WindowButtonMotionFcn'), ...
        'WindowButtonDownFcn', get(fig, 'WindowButtonDownFcn'), ...
        'WindowButtonUpFcn', get(fig, 'WindowButtonUpFcn'), ...
        'KeyPressFcn', get(fig, 'KeyPressFcn'), ...
        'Pointer', get(fig, 'Pointer'), ...
        'PointerShapeCData', get(fig, 'PointerShapeCData'), ...
        'PointerShapeHotSpot', get(fig, 'PointerShapeHotSpot'));

plotedit(fig,'setenabletools','off');
% $$$ set(fig, 'pointer', get(0, 'DefaultFigurePointer'),...
% $$$    'WindowButtonMotionFcn', get(0, 'DefaultFigureWindowButtonMotionFcn'),...
% $$$    'WindowButtonDownFcn', get(0, 'DefaultFigureWindowButtonDownFcn'),...
% $$$    'WindowButtonUpFcn', get(0, 'DefaultFigureWindowButtonUpFcn'));

set(fig, 'pointer', get(0, 'DefaultFigurePointer'),...
   'WindowButtonDownFcn', get(0, 'DefaultFigureWindowButtonDownFcn'),...
   'WindowButtonUpFcn', get(0, 'DefaultFigureWindowButtonUpFcn'));

uistate.ButtonDownFcns = get(uistate.Children, {'buttondownfcn'});
uistate.Interruptible = get(uistate.Children, {'Interruptible'});
uistate.BusyAction = get(uistate.Children, {'BusyAction'});
set(uistate.Children, 'buttondownfcn', '', 'BusyAction', 'Queue', ...
   'Interruptible', 'on');


%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%  

% The next function is a copy of MATLAB's ginput.m.


function [out1,out2,out3] = ppginput(arg1)
%GINPUT Graphical input from mouse.
%   [X,Y] = GINPUT(N) gets N points from the current axes and returns 
%   the X- and Y-coordinates in length N vectors X and Y.  The cursor
%   can be positioned using a mouse (or by using the Arrow Keys on some 
%   systems).  Data points are entered by pressing a mouse button
%   or any key on the keyboard except carriage return, which terminates
%   the input before N points are entered.
%
%   [X,Y] = GINPUT gathers an unlimited number of points until the
%   return key is pressed.
% 
%   [X,Y,BUTTON] = GINPUT(N) returns a third result, BUTTON, that 
%   contains a vector of integers specifying which mouse button was
%   used (1,2,3 from left) or ASCII numbers if a key on the keyboard
%   was used.

%   Copyright 1984-2002 The MathWorks, Inc. 
%   $Revision: 5.32 $  $Date: 2002/04/14 13:20:49 $

out1 = []; out2 = []; out3 = []; y = [];
c = computer;
if ~strcmp(c(1:2),'PC') 
   tp = get(0,'TerminalProtocol');
else
   tp = 'micro';
end

if ~strcmp(tp,'none') & ~strcmp(tp,'x') & ~strcmp(tp,'micro'),
   if nargout == 1,
      if nargin == 1,
         out1 = trmginput(arg1);
      else
         out1 = trmginput;
      end
   elseif nargout == 2 | nargout == 0,
      if nargin == 1,
         [out1,out2] = trmginput(arg1);
      else
         [out1,out2] = trmginput;
      end
      if  nargout == 0
         out1 = [ out1 out2 ];
      end
   elseif nargout == 3,
      if nargin == 1,
         [out1,out2,out3] = trmginput(arg1);
      else
         [out1,out2,out3] = trmginput;
      end
   end
else
   
   fig = gcf;
   figure(gcf);
   
   if nargin == 0
      how_many = -1;
      b = [];
   else
      how_many = arg1;
      b = [];
      if  isstr(how_many) ...
            | size(how_many,1) ~= 1 | size(how_many,2) ~= 1 ...
            | ~(fix(how_many) == how_many) ...
            | how_many < 0
         error('Requires a positive integer.')
      end
      if how_many == 0
         ptr_fig = 0;
         while(ptr_fig ~= fig)
            ptr_fig = get(0,'PointerWindow');
         end
         scrn_pt = get(0,'PointerLocation');
         loc = get(fig,'Position');
         pt = [scrn_pt(1) - loc(1), scrn_pt(2) - loc(2)];
         out1 = pt(1); y = pt(2);
      elseif how_many < 0
         error('Argument must be a positive integer.')
      end
   end
   
   % Remove figure button functions
   state = ppuisuspend(fig);
   pointer = get(gcf,'pointer');
   set(gcf,'pointer','fullcrosshair');
   fig_units = get(fig,'units');
   char = 0;
   
   while how_many ~= 0
      % Use no-side effect WAITFORBUTTONPRESS
      waserr = 0;
      try
	keydown = wfbp;
      catch
	waserr = 1;
      end
      if(waserr == 1)
         if(ishandle(fig))
            set(fig,'units',fig_units);
	    uirestore(state);
            error('Interrupted');
         else
            error('Interrupted by figure deletion');
         end
      end
      
      ptr_fig = get(0,'CurrentFigure');
      if(ptr_fig == fig)
         if keydown
            char = get(fig, 'CurrentCharacter');
            button = abs(get(fig, 'CurrentCharacter'));
            scrn_pt = get(0, 'PointerLocation');
            set(fig,'units','pixels')
            loc = get(fig, 'Position');
            pt = [scrn_pt(1) - loc(1), scrn_pt(2) - loc(2)];
            set(fig,'CurrentPoint',pt);
         else
            button = get(fig, 'SelectionType');
            if strcmp(button,'open')
               button = b(length(b));
            elseif strcmp(button,'normal')
               button = 1;
            elseif strcmp(button,'extend')
               button = 2;
            elseif strcmp(button,'alt')
               button = 3;
            else
               error('Invalid mouse selection.')
            end
         end
         pt = get(gca, 'CurrentPoint');
         
         how_many = how_many - 1;
         
         if(char == 13) % & how_many ~= 0)
            % if the return key was pressed, char will == 13,
            % and that's our signal to break out of here whether
            % or not we have collected all the requested data
            % points.  
            % If this was an early breakout, don't include
            % the <Return> key info in the return arrays.
            % We will no longer count it if it's the last input.
            break;
         end
         
         out1 = [out1;pt(1,1)];
         y = [y;pt(1,2)];
         b = [b;button];
      end
   end
   
   uirestore(state);
   set(fig,'units',fig_units);
   
   if nargout > 1
      out2 = y;
      if nargout > 2
         out3 = b;
      end
   else
      out1 = [out1 y];
   end
   
end

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
function key = wfbp
%WFBP   Replacement for WAITFORBUTTONPRESS that has no side effects.

fig = gcf;
current_char = [];

% Now wait for that buttonpress, and check for error conditions
waserr = 0;
try
  h=findall(fig,'type','uimenu','accel','C');   % Disabling ^C for edit menu so the only ^C is for
  set(h,'accel','');                            % interrupting the function.
  keydown = waitforbuttonpress;
  current_char = double(get(fig,'CurrentCharacter')); % Capturing the character.
  if~isempty(current_char) & (keydown == 1)           % If the character was generated by the 
	  if(current_char == 3)                       % current keypress AND is ^C, set 'waserr'to 1
		  waserr = 1;                             % so that it errors out. 
	  end
  end
  
  set(h,'accel','C');                                 % Set back the accelerator for edit menu.
catch
  waserr = 1;
end
drawnow;
if(waserr == 1)
   set(h,'accel','C');                                % Set back the accelerator if it errored out.
   error('Interrupted');
end

if nargout>0, key = keydown; end
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

ارتقاء امنیت وب با وف بومی